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The role of Public Sector in the job quality of ancillary activities. Albert Recio (QUIT – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) Alejandro Godino (QUIT – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) Sofia – 18/11/2012. OBJECTIVES.

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The role of public sector in the job quality of ancillary activities

The role of Public Sector in the job quality of ancillary activities

  • Albert Recio (QUIT – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Alejandro Godino (QUIT – Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

  • Sofia – 18/11/2012


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

  • To explore the role of public sector in the advancement of job quality in low-wage sectors and workplaces in outsourced sectors

  • based on sectoral and case studies (developed under WALQING project) on Contract Catering and Office Cleaning, but also appliable to other sector cases.


The role of public sector i

The role of public sector (I)

  • Obvious role:

  • Determination of:

  • basiclabourconditions,

  • collectivebargainingframework and

  • unionrights.

  • Latent role: Itisthemaincustomer of ancillaryactivities in outsourcedservices.


The role of public sector ii

The role of public sector (II)

  • Active role of Public Administration as explanation in the expansion of outsourcing.

Source: FédérationEuropéenne de la Restauration Collective Concédée (2009).


Main policies

Main policies

  • Minimumwageimplementation (considerededverylow in Spanishcontext): 621 € per month

  • Collectivebargaingmodel:

  • Sectoralagreementscovertothewhole of theworkforce in eachindustry, despitethey are notaffiliatedtoanyunion.


The role of public sector in the job quality of ancillary activities

Wage average in cleaning sectors (2000 – 2007).


Crucial effects of collective bargaining

Crucial effects of collective bargaining

  • Subrogation: when a companysubstitutesother in a work center, theyhave tomaintainitsstaff.

  • Guarantee of jobstability and longtermtenure.

  • Standardization of wagelevels

  • Salary of eachproffessionalcategoryisthesame at everyfirms

  • No chance of downwardbywagecompetition


Public sector as customer

Public sector as customer

  • Thepricepaydforoutsourcedservicescorrespondswiththeceilling of wageagreements.

  • Particular demands:

    • Specificshours of work cleaning

    • Profesional recognitionbyqualificationacknowledging.


A new conjuncture

A new conjuncture

  • Economic crisis changesGovernmentpolicies:

  • Budgetarycutsgeneratespressurestooutsourcedactivities:

  • Downward in prices and quantities.

  • Structuralreforms


Aftermaths i

Aftermaths (I)

  • Activity reductions: cuts in cattering and cleaning related to service cloussures (hospitals) and social transfers.

  • Pressures to suppliers

  • Increasing of part-timers(consequent reduction of wages wages) and work intensification.


Aftermaths ii

Aftermaths (II)

  • Deterioration of collectivebargaining:

  • roadfromsectoraltocompanyagreements.

  • Dangertoloosesubrogationclause (guarantee of stability).

  • Increasing of wagecompetition

  • Exposuretovulnerability in low-wagesectors.


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