Colony: New Jersey
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Colony: New Jersey Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary Economy: Aristocracy Society: Dutch and Swedish PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Colony: New Jersey Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary Economy: Aristocracy Society: Dutch and Swedish Other: Was the third state to ratify the constitution. MARYLAND, the first proprietary colony.

Download Presentation

Colony: New Jersey Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary Economy: Aristocracy Society: Dutch and Swedish

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: New Jersey

Charter/Gov’t:

Proprietary

Economy:

Aristocracy

Society:

Dutch and Swedish

Other: Was the third

state to ratify the constitution


Maryland the first proprietary colony

MARYLAND, the first proprietary colony.

CHARTER/ GOVERNMENT: when Maryland was first established Lord Baltimore was the colony’s proprietor, had the power to run the area with certain exceptions set in place by the king to see that England still maintained control, Lord Baltimore reserved the right to veto any law made and therefore labeled Maryland the first self-governed colony.

Economy: tobacco was center of economy, farmed and sold in Europe, -farm s and plantations scattered the colony, Chesapeake Bay influenced trade and settlement.

Society: Any group of 10-20 settlers was given a plantation, single settlers were granted farms, Lord Baltimore sought to spread Catholicism but religious freedom was encouraged.

Other: Toleration Act of 1649 was passed in Maryland, marking the first law of any kind allowing freedom of Christian worship.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Maryland

Charter/Gov’t: Royally

charted proprietor. Had a

single governor- Cecil

Calvert, Lord Baltimore

the 2nd

Economy: Cash crop-

Tobacco (occasionally used

as currency)

Society: Lord Baltimore-

wanted to create place

for English Catholics

Other: Named after the wife

of King Charles I, Queen

Henrietta Maria of France


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Connecticut

Charter/Gov’t: Connecticut Colony Charter, Fundamental Orders (“The First Constitution)

Economy: Manufacturing

Society: Connecticut was founded by Puritans

Other: Connecticut's name is derived from the Indian word Quinnehtukqut

Connecticut


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

  • Colony: Georgia

  • Charter/Gov’t:

  • Proprietary charter under James Oglethorpe

  • Became royal colony in 1752

  • Representative system of government

  • Economy:

  • Only colony to receive financial aid

  • Led by agriculture

  • Rice, indigo, lumber, fur trade

  • Society:

  • Protestant refuge

  • No schools, little town life

  • Other:

  • 4th state to ratify the Constitution (1788)

  • Last colony established

Destin Sweeten


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

  • Colony: Georgia

  • Charter/Gov’t:

  • Proprietary, became royal in 1752

  • King George II (1732) granted Georgia to James

  • E. Oglethorpe

  • Economy:

  • Mainly plantations

  • Indigo

  • Rice

  • Society:

  • Provide additional protection from Spain

  • Drove the Spanish back to Florida

  • Other:

  • 4th state to ratify constitution

  • Began with the intentions of no slavery

  • Served as a place where debtors in prison

  • could go to start anew


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Virginia

Charter/Gov’t:

First Charter written on April 10, 1606

Corporate Colony

Economy:

Suffered greatly at first

Eventually people grew tobacco, a cash crop

Society:

The first settlers were representing their country and king, but they wanted profit as well

Other: Only 32 weary colonists survived in Jamestown the first year and were told to stay


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Virginia

Charter/Gov’t:

Corporate

Economy:

Plantation agriculture

Society:

Anglicanism religion

Other:

  • The Virginia Colony was nicknamed "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II for remaining loyal to the English monarchy


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony:

Charter/Gov’t:

Corporate-New Sweden

Company

Economy:

Center of Fur Trading

Society:

Founded in March 1638

Other:

Brought log cabin to America


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: New York

Charter/Gov’t: The Dutch appointed a Director-

General as governor and created a council that advises the governor,

votes on local regulations and has judiciary powers. There was a move

towards a self government, but the governor dismisses the demands for

a self government. The first charter of New York is the Charter of 1664,

when the New Netherland is claimed for England by King Charles II who

gave it to his brother James, the Duke of York. Under which he has the

power to establish laws, appoint officials, and judiciary officials that

can only be appealed by a council in England.

Economy: The New Netherlands economy was made up

of manufacturing (ship building, and iron works), and agriculture which

was made mainly of cattle, grain, rice, indigo, and wheat. Much was

shipped to England and what was not available in New Netherlands was

made available to the colonists by means of trade. The colonists were also a

part of the Indian fur trade.

Society: This was a place where people went for religious

freedom. Most of the population was made up of middle class farmers

artisans, fisherman, and craftsmen because the rich or the poor did not

usually immigrate. The population was largely rural, while cities grew

rapidly.

Other: Many significant battles of the American Revolution were

fought in New York. Finally, after many years of fighting New York became a

state on July 26, 1788. It also was the eleventh state to ratify the Constitution.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: New York

Charter/Gov’t: Proprietary

Economy: Fur trade established under Dutch rule. Agricultural areas of Long Island spread along the Hudson

Society: Dutch settlers arrived at Governers Island and traded with Native Americans, Religious preference - Christianity

Other: First names New Netherland, After the colony was conquered by the British, the name of the colony was changed to New York as a tribute to the Duke of York.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Pennsylvania

Charter/Gov’t: Charter was held by William Penn until the American Revolution. The government of the colony included an appointed governor, a 72-member Provincial Council, and a larger General Assembly.

Economy: Consisted mostly of agriculture, but due to the vast majority of resources they were able to industrialize earlier than other colonies. The rivers also played a role in commerce and transportation for the colony.

Society: Philadelphia, in colonial times, was known as the “Athens Of America” due to its rich cultural life. Pennsylvania was noted for its variety and strength of its intellectual and educational institutions and interests.

Other: Several of the country’s most important documents were written in Pennsylvania such as the Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

  • Colony:

  • Charter/Gov’t:

  • -Proprietary

  • -Naturalization/Great Law

  • Economy:

  • -Leading agricultural exports

  • -Abundant natural resources

  • -Important rivers for

  • transportation and commerce

  • Society:

  • “Athens of America”

  • Quaker Religion

  • Other:

  • -2nd state to ratify Constitution

  • -3rd largest Colony


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

South Carolina

Charter given to loyalists of King Charles, 1663

Economy: The wealth of South Carolina was because of the huge rice and indigo plantations found in the low countries on the coasts. Cities such as Charleston also prospered because of the water routes.

Society: Small number of French Huguenots, but mainly rich plantation owners and their African and Native American slaves. (1720 slaves became the majority)

Other: Richest colony and state up until the Civil War.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: South Carolina

Charter/Gov’t:

Carolina Charter

Proprietary Colony

Economy:

Agriculture

Merchant Trading

Society:

Wealthy plantation owners and merchants

Formed a strong governing class

Other:Had more revolutionary battles in its lands than any other colony


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Massachusetts

Charter/Gov’t:

Economy:

Society:

Other:

Began as Corporate colony from the London Virginia Company

Fur trade, fishing, cattle, farming a mix of Old World crops and New World crops

Religious, co-existed with Native Americans,

Founded in 1620

First Thanksgiving in 1623


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Massachusetts

Charter/Government: Started out as a

Corporate Colony and later became a Royal Colony.

They had a democratic government with a Governor and his Council with elections every year. Church and state were governed separately.

Economy: Common wealth. Food was grown for the town and distributed equally. There was neither private property nor division of labor.

Society: Families were large- often 5 to 6 children. Women had many rights, such as to property and legal rights. Religion was a major aspect of society- most were Puritans.

Other: The Mayflower originally landed in what is now Massachusetts- off the coast of Cape Cod.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony:North Carolina

Charter/Gov’t:

Economy:

Society:

Other:

In 1663, King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia.

The colonial economy was based on tobacco, livestock, naval stores, and lumber products.

In first 50 years, North Carolina’s settlers faced corrupt officials, violent rebellion, Indian war, isolation, disease, hurricanes, and pirates.

It took almost a century to finally colonize North Carolina, which was then the valley of James.

Thomas Kirk


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: New

Hampshire

Charter/Gov’t: Council of Plymouth,

royal province.

Economy:Agriculture (potatoes, fishing),

Manufacturing (textiles, shipbuilding)

Society: Had many fishing stations,

It was ruled by a governor and council.

Traded with the surrounding natives for supplies.

Other: Became a State in June 21, 1788, 1638 by John Wheelwright and John Mason.


Colony new jersey charter gov t proprietary economy aristocracy society dutch and swedish

Colony: Rhode Island

Charter/Gov’t: Rhode Island was a Corporate colony. It allowed guarantees, like religious freedom.

Economy: Rhode Island exported fish and timber. (The rocky terrain and harsh winters did not allow for farming)

Society: Many settlers were protestants looking for religious freedom.

Other: People began to settle in Rhode Island in 1620 and the first permanent settlement was established in 1636


  • Login