11. Slaves and Masters 1793–1861. Horrid Massacre in Virginia (1831) A composite of scenes of Nat Turner’s Rebellion, an illustration from a book entitled “Authentic and impartial narrative of the tragical scene which was witnessed in Southampton County [New York, 1831].
Slaves and Masters1793–1861
Horrid Massacre in Virginia (1831) A composite of scenes of Nat Turner’sRebellion, an illustration from a book entitled “Authentic and impartial narrative of the tragical scene which was witnessed in Southampton County [New York, 1831].
Picking Cotton Although cotton cultivation required constant attention, many of the tasks involved were relatively simple. On a cotton plantation most slaves, including women and children, were field hands who performed the same tasks. Here a slave family stands behind baskets of picked cotton in a Georgia cotton field.
A Slave Family Though death or sale broke up many slave families, some families, especially those on large, stable plantations, managed to stay together. This 1862 photograph by Timothy H. O’Sullivan shows five generations of a slave family, all born on the plantation of J. J. Smith in Beaufort, South Carolina.
Plantation Mansion Painting by Adrien Persac depicting the back of a plantation house in Louisiana as seen from the bayou. Persac was commissioned to paint some of the great houses in the region, and in 1858 he published a map showing the plantations along the Mississippi River from Natchez to New Orleans.
Yeoman Household Carl G. Von Iwonski, Block House, New Braunfels. Most slaveholders in the South were not large plantation owners but small farmers of modest means who lived not in pillared mansions but in small, rough log cabins. Many others were yeoman farmers who owned no slaves.
Sales Lewis Miller, Slave Sale, Virginia, probably 1853. Slave auctions, such as the one depicted in Lewis Miller’s sketchbook, were an abomination and embarrassment to many Americans.
Cotton as a Percentage of All U.S. Exports, 1800–1860 Hine, Darlene, Clark, Hine, William, C., Harrold, Stanley, C. AFRICAN-AMERICAN ODYSSEY: THE COMBINED VOLUME, 4/E (c) 2008 Printed and Electronically reproduced by permission of Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.
King Cotton Steamboats in New Orleans await bales of cotton for shipment. By 1860 production of “King Cotton” in the South peaked at 4.8 million bales.