British Imperialism in India. 633-641. Historical Background Information:. During the 18 th century the Mughal Empire weakened, leaving India open to takeover by both European powers and Indian states. In 1739, Delhi was sacked by Iranian armies.
This image shows the microscopic bacteria cholera, a disease transmitted through water contaminated by human feces. Cholera spread quickly through India and Europe as cities grew more crowded and transportation became easier due to the building of railroads. Improvements in sanitation in the late 19th century and 20th century helped decrease the number of cholera deaths in British India.
What were the responses to imperialism within the region or country? Who were the individuals or groups that aided resistance within the country or region? When and how did your country or region gain independence?
Before Britain took control of India, the large subcontinent was suffering because of the decline of the Mughal Empire. Britain provided a stable, organized government and exposed India to advanced technologies, new forms of transportation, western education, increased trade, and a strengthened military. India’s exposure to the modern European world set the stage for India to become a great country as Indians’ nationalism increased. Also, many British policies and reforms forced the many different social and religious groups in India to live among each other.
However, British rule was not completely positive. Many citizens of India were oppressed, specifically women and members of the lower classes. Poverty was also widespread in India, and many poor Indians living in villages suffered from the cholera epidemic. Although British rule helped India enter into the modern world, it weakened the nation by ignoring the needs of poor citizens.
This map displays railroads, roads, and other methods of transportation that the British put in place in India to help build their empire. The map was part of an atlas of colonial India compiled by British administrative officials in 1889.Map of Indian Railways