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The Five Pillars of ISLAM. First Pillar. DECLARATION OF FAITH ( Shahada) One rendering is: “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.”. First Pillar. DECLARATION OF FAITH ( Shahada) One rendering is: “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.”

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

First Pillar

  • DECLARATION OF FAITH (Shahada)
  • One rendering is:
  • “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.”
slide4

First Pillar

  • DECLARATION OF FAITH (Shahada)
  • One rendering is:
  • “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.”
  • (To become a Muslim one need only recite the Shahada three times before witnesses.)
slide5

First Pillar

SAUDI ARABIA FLAG

slide6

Second Pillar

  • 2. PRAYER
  • Salat is the name for the obligatory prayers which are performed Five times a day at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall.
slide7

Second Pillar

  • 2. PRAYER
  • Salat is the name for the obligatory prayers which are performed Five times a day at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall.
slide8

Second Pillar

  • 5:7 O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles.
slide9

Second Pillar

  • 5:7 O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles.
slide10

Second Pillar

  • 5:7 O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles.
slide11

Second Pillar

  • Rik’at (wreck-at) (prostrations) Bending. A collection of prayers at congregational service, so called because the prayers are accompanied by bending of the body, bowing and prostration.
slide12

Second Pillar

  • Rik’at (wreck-at)
  • Series of ritual prostrations.
slide13

Second Pillar

  • Rik’at (wreck-at)
  • Series of ritual prostrations.
slide14

Second Pillar

  • ORIENTATION – QIBLA
  • (‘Point of Adoration’)
  • KAABA-MECCA
  • 2:143 And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels.
slide15

Second Pillar

  • ORIENTATION – QIBLA
  • (‘Point of Adoration’)
  • KAABA-MECCA
  • 2:143 And We appointed the qiblah which ye formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the messenger, from him who turneth on his heels.
slide16

Second Pillar

  • MIHRAB
  • Every mosque contains a mihrab (prayer niche) which shows the direction of the Kaaba (the qibla) from that place.
slide17

Second Pillar

  • MIHRAB
  • Every mosque contains a mihrab (prayer niche) which shows the direction of the Kaaba (the qibla) from that place.
slide18

Second Pillar

\'In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate Praise be to God, the Lord of all the Worlds, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate, the Master of the Day of Judgement; Thee alone do we worship, Thee alone do we ask for help. Guide us unto the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou givest of Thy bounty, not of those who anger Thee, not of those who go astray.\'

Sura 1:1-7 Recited to begin the obligatory prayer

slide19

Second Pillar

\'In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate Praise be to God, the Lord of all the Worlds, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate, the Master of the Day of Judgement; Thee alone do we worship, Thee alone do we ask for help. Guide us unto the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou givest of Thy bounty, not of those who anger Thee, not of those who go astray.\'

Sura 1:1-7 Recited to begin the obligatory prayer

slide20

Second Pillar

\'In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate Praise be to God, the Lord of all the Worlds, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate, the Master of the Day of Judgement; Thee alone do we worship, Thee alone do we ask for help. Guide us unto the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou givest of Thy bounty, not of those who anger Thee, not of those who go astray.\'

Sura 1:1-7 Recited to begin the obligatory prayer

slide21

Second Pillar

  • The noon congregational prayer of Friday afternoon is mandated to be a collective prayer and must be said in a Mosque, and is preceded by a sermon (Khutba). The Imam (prayer leader) is not a priest nor need be the same person every time, but considerations of scholarship and knowledge of the Quran and the religion are exercised in choosing him .
slide22

Second Pillar

  • The noon congregational prayer of Friday afternoon is mandated to be a collective prayer and must be said in a Mosque, and is preceded by a sermon (Khutba). The Imam (prayer leader) is not a priest nor need be the same person every time, but considerations of scholarship and knowledge of the Quran and the religion are exercised in choosing him.
slide24

3. ALMS GIVING (Zakat)

Each year a Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves payment each year of two and a half percent of one\'s capital.

Third Pillar

slide25

3. ALMS GIVING (Zakat)

Each year a Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves payment each year of two and a half percent of one\'s capital.

Third Pillar

slide26

Third Pillar

This 2.5% is calculated and given by the individual to the charity of his/her choice.

19:55. He enjoined upon his people worship and almsgiving, and was acceptable in the sight of his Lord.(MP)

slide29

4. FASTING FOR ONE MONTH

  • Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year.

Fourth Pillar

slide30

4. FASTING FOR ONE MONTH

  • Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year.

Fourth Pillar

slide31

Fourth Pillar

LUNAR CALENDAR

Muslims use a lunar calendar to keep track of their days, weeks, months and holy days.

slide32

Fourth Pillar

The lunar year has 12 months of 29.5 days. 12 x 29.5 = 354 days in a lunar year compared to 365 in a solar year.

The seasons move around the year on the lunar calendar. If Christmas were on a lunar calendar it would sometimes take place in the middle of summer!

slide33

Fourth Pillar

The lunar year has 12 months of 29.5 days. 12 x 29.5 = 354 days in a lunar year compared to 365 in a solar year.

The seasons move around the year on the lunar calendar. If Christmas were on a lunar calendar it would sometimes take place in the middle of summer!

slide34

Fourth Pillar

Origin of Christian Fasting

Some of the [Church] Fathers as early as the Fifth century supported the view that … forty days\' fast was of Apostolic institution. For example, St. Leo (d. 461) exhorts his hearers to abstain that they may "fulfill with their fasts the Apostolic institution of the forty days“ – Catholic Encyclopedia

slide35

Fourth Pillar

Origin of Christian Fasting

Some of the [Church] Fathers as early as the Fifth century supported the view that … forty days\' fast was of Apostolic institution. For example, St. Leo (d. 461) exhorts his hearers to abstain that they may "fulfill with their fasts the Apostolic institution of the forty days“– Catholic Encyclopedia

slide37

Fifth Pillar

  • 5. PILGRIMAGE (Hajj)
  • The annual pilgrimage to Mecca — the Hajj — is an obligation only for those who are physically and financially able to perform it. The annual Hajj begins in the twelfth month of the Islamic year (which is lunar, not solar, so that Hajj and Ramadan fall sometimes in summer, sometimes in winter).
slide38

Fifth Pillar

  • 5. PILGRIMAGE (Hajj)
  • The annual pilgrimage to Mecca — the Hajj —is an obligation only for those who are physically and financially able to perform it. The annual Hajj begins in the twelfth month of the Islamic year (which is lunar, not solar, so that Hajj and Ramadan fall sometimes in summer, sometimes in winter).
slide39

Fifth Pillar

  • And the thing was very grievous in Abraham\'s sight because of his son. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed. –Gen 21:11-12
slide40

Fifth Pillar

  • And the thing was very grievous in Abraham\'s sight because of his son. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed. –Gen 21:11-12
slide41

Fifth Pillar

  • And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, … Isaac.
  • –Gen 21:9-10
slide42

Fifth Pillar

  • And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, … Isaac.
  • –Gen 21:9-10
slide43

Fifth Pillar

  • And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
  • –Gen 17:20
slide44

Fifth Pillar

  • And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
  • –Gen 17:20
slide45

Fifth Pillar

  • Muslim tradition holds that Hagar, the handmaiden of Sarah, and Ishmael, the son she bore to Abraham, were saved from the agony of thirst in their exile by the waters of the well of Zamzam, which was opened for them by the angel Gabriel. This well, which is still giving water, is outside the Kaaba but within the confines of the Sacred Mosque. …

GABRIEL PORTRAYED

slide46

Fifth Pillar

  • Muslim tradition holds that Hagar, the handmaiden of Sarah, and Ishmael, the son she bore to Abraham, were saved from the agony of thirst in their exile by the waters of the well of Zamzam, which was opened for them by the angel Gabriel. This well, which is still giving water, is outside the Kaaba but within the confines of the Sacred Mosque. …

GABRIEL PORTRAYED

slide47

Fifth Pillar

  • Muslim tradition holds that Hagar, the handmaiden of Sarah, and Ishmael, the son she bore to Abraham, were saved from the agony of thirst in their exile by the waters of the well of Zamzam, which was opened for them by the angel Gabriel. This well, which is still giving water, is outside the Kaaba but within the confines of the Sacred Mosque. …

GABRIEL PORTRAYED

slide48

Fifth Pillar

  • It is customary for pilgrims to drink from the well and to carry bottles of its water home with them. In Muslim tradition, Hagar and Ishmael remained at the site, and the community of Mecca grew around them.
  • -Lippman Islam A Way of Life, 24

GABRIEL PORTRAYED

slide49

Fifth Pillar

  • It is customary for pilgrims to drink from the well and to carry bottles of its water home with them. In Muslim tradition, Hagar and Ishmael remained at the site, and the community of Mecca grew around them.
  • -Lippman Islam A Way of Life, 24

GABRIEL PORTRAYED

slide50

Fifth Pillar

Pilgrimage:

The Hajj

slide51

Fifth Pillar

  • This major pilgrimage must be made in the Month of Pilgrimage (Dhu \'l-Hijja) the last month of the Muslim lunar calendar, between the 8th day of the month and the 12th or 13th.
slide52

Fifth Pillar

  • This major pilgrimage must be made in the Month of Pilgrimage (Dhu \'l-Hijja) the last month of the Muslim lunar calendar, between the 8th day of the month and the 12th or 13th.
slide53

Fifth Pillar

  • At times there are more than one million souls participating in the annual Hajj
slide54

Fifth Pillar

  • At times there are more than one million souls participating in the annual Hajj
slide55

Fifth Pillar

  • The Hajj takes place entirely in Mecca and the surrounding area
slide56

Mecca Mosque

  • The Kaaba is a cube-shaped building about 5 stories high.

Kaaba

slide57

1

  • Pilgrims start with 7 circumambulations of the Kaaba, counter-clockwise.
slide60

Al-Marwah

2

  • Next they must run 7 times between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.

2

As-Safa

slide61

Mina

3

  • 3rd stage is to travel to Mina where they stay overnight.
slide62

4

Plain of Arafat

  • 4th Stage is on to the Plain of Arafat for all day prayer.
slide63

4

Plain of Arafat

  • 4th Stage is on to the Plain of Arafat for all day prayer.

Mt. Of Mercy

slide64

Muzdalifah

5

  • 5th Stage – travel from the Plain of Arafat to Muzdalifah to spend the night.
slide65

6

Mina

  • 6th Stage – On to Mina to throw stones at the pillars and sacrifice an animal.
slide68

Mecca Mosque

7

  • 7th Stage – Return to Mecca and complete 7 more circuits of the Kaaba.
slide69

7

  • 7th Stage – Return to Mecca and complete 7 more circuits of the Kaaba.
slide70

Fifth Pillar

  • One who has completed the the Hajj may thereafter title himself “Haji”
slide71

Fifth Pillar

  • One who has completed the the Hajj may thereafter title himself “Haji”
slide75

The Five Pillars Are:

DECLAR-ATION

  • DECLARATION OF FAITH (Shahada)
  • “There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.”
slide76

The Five Pillars Are:

DECLAR-ATION

PRAYER

  • 2. PRAYER
  • Salatis the name for the obligatory prayers which are performed five times a day: dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall.
slide77

The Five Pillars Are:

DECLAR-ATION

PRAYER

ALMS

  • 3. ALMS GIVING (Zakat)

Each year a Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves payment each year of two and a half percent of one\'s capital.

slide78

The Five Pillars Are:

DECLAR-ATION

PRAYER

ALMS

FASTING

  • 4. FASTING FOR ONE MONTH
  • Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year.
slide79

The Five Pillars Are:

DECLAR-ATION

PRAYER

ALMS

FASTING

  • 4. FASTING FOR ONE MONTH
  • Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year.
slide80

The Five Pillars Are:

1

2

3

4

5

5. The Pilgrimage (Hajj)

The Hajj in the last month of the lunar calendar

slide81

A 6th Pillar?

6. Jihad

Warring against oneself or warring with others?

slide82

‘ALI

MUSA KAZIM

HASSAN

IMAM RIDA

HUSAYN

MUHAMMAD TAQI

‘ALI-NAQI

‘ALI

HASAN-I-ASKARI

ABU-BAKR

MUHAMMAD

JA’FAR-I-SADIQ

7

1

3

2

4

5

11

6

8

9

10

12

  • Shi’ahs Believe in the 12 Imams

12 Imams

To the five pillars Shi’ahs add the belief in the 12 Imams.

slide84

This program was researched, designed and produced by

Dr. Duane K. Troxel of

www.digital-transformations.com

www.DuanesWorldTravel.com

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