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Claiming the Continent. British Fight and Flight in the New world. Problems in the Colonies. Disease Relations with the Indians Food Supplies Winter. Sir Walter Raleigh. Aristocrat who wanted to get rich quick Gained money from Queen Elizabeth to start a colony

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Claiming the continent

Claiming the Continent

British Fight and Flight in the New world


Problems in the colonies
Problems in the Colonies

Disease

Relations with the Indians

Food

Supplies

Winter


Sir walter raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh

Aristocrat who wanted to get rich quick

Gained money from Queen Elizabeth to start a colony

Named the Colony Virginia after the unmarried queen


Roanoke take 1
Roanoke: Take 1

First attempt at a colony was in 1585

Sir Raleigh set out to colonize the small island

Located in present day North Carolina



Roanoke take 2
Roanoke Take 2

Fights with Indian tribes and lack of food made the colonists return back to England.

Two years later they tried again

However, this time the colony vanished. No one knows exactly what happened to the colonists



Jamestown
Jamestown

Founded in 1607

Located in present day Virginia

Finally, the English would establish a lasting colony


Colonist activities
Colonist Activities

  • Farming cash crops

    • TOBACCO transformed the colonies, because they could not find gold. The colonists relied on the money earned from tobacco to expand the colony.

      -The colonists discovered that tobacco was easily grown in Virginia.

      -Europeans loved this new leisure activity.

      -“Up the snuff.”


Tuesday 9 21
Tuesday 9/21

Tuesday Tunes

Review

Finish Jamestown

Start In-Class Writing


What did they eat
What did they eat?

  • Corn

    • The colonists had to learn how to grow and farm corn from the local Indians.

      • The Indians shared the secrets of growing corn to the starving colonists

      • What did the colonists eat before they learned about corn?


Rodents

Snakes


John smith
John Smith

Took control of the failing colony

Brought order to Jamestown

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82duIzjU5oI

“He who works not, eats not.”


Funding the colonies
Funding the Colonies

  • Colonists needed someone to support them with money, and in turn they would develop the land and send material back to the INVESTOR.

    Called a JOINT STOCK COMPANY

    If the colonists failed at developing the company, the investor would lose money.


Tuesday 9 22
Tuesday 9/22

Turn in your essay for homework points

Discuss the Virginia Company and House of Burgesses

Begin Plymouth settlement


The virginia company
The Virginia Company

Funded the colony at Jamestown


More on joint stock
More on Joint-Stock

Charter

Capital

Allowed the Virginia Company to settle Jamestown

Almost a rent/lease agreement, since the land still belonged to the Crown

The sum of all money and assets that a business has.

The Virginia Company used this money to fund the colonies


Governing jamestown
Governing Jamestown

Called the House of Burgesses

Allowed colonists to purchase land and earn money.

Also the first elected government in the colonies.

What group of voters are missing?


Women
Women

Were not part of the original settlement.

Came over from Europe to help “settle” the men down.

Imagine not living around any women


The need for another colony
The Need for Another Colony

Successes at Jamestown gave the British the confidence to start a new Colony.

What colony was this?



Getting a charter
Getting a charter

King James I granted their land charter in 1620

Colonists were originally hoping to land in Virginia, but ended up in present day Massachusetts


The puritans
The Puritans

Were very religious

Their entire lives were centered around praising God

Left England in search of an easier way to practice their religion


The mayflower
The Mayflower

The ship that was used by the colonists to reach the New World

Took them a little over two months to reach their destination


Plymouth rock
Plymouth Rock

What do you know about Plymouth Rock?

Discovery Ed clip


The mayflower compact
The Mayflower Compact

Was signed by the people on the Mayflower

Was a “pact” for the members of the new colony to stick together



Monday 9 27
Monday 9/27

Tuesday Tunes

Collect Essays




How dutch are you
How Dutch Are You?

Question

Result

You frequently ask personal questions

Your mother has a full time job.

You make eye contact when you speak

The Dutch are very private

Dutch mothers rarely work outside of the home

The Dutch always make eye contact.


Continued
Continued

Question

Result

You finish everything on your dinner plate

You share your feelings with your close friends

It is offensive to not finish your food

The Dutch do not talk about their personal lives with their friends.


More on culture
More on Culture

http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/netherlands.html


Leading the pack
Leading the Pack

The Dutch were in control of the money in Europe

Had a strong naval fleet

Controlled the Spice Islands


Dutch east india company
Dutch East India Company

Funded the exploration in the New World

Basically the world’s first MULTI-NATIONAL CORPORATION


Henry hudson
Henry Hudson

A sailor who was looking for a route to ASIA called the NORTHWEST PASSAGE

He landed in present day New York and claimed the land for the Netherlands


More trade
More Trade

The Dutch traded metal objects to the Indians for fur

Eventually they would establish trading posts for fur all along the Hudson and Delaware rivers

The Dutch gained money due to the system of trade


Remnants of new amsterdam
Remnants of New Amsterdam

What city was established at the mouth of the Hudson River?

What are the boroughs of New York City (5)

Where is Manhattan?


Wall street
Wall Street

What is it?

Originally got it’s name from the New Amsterdam where the locals built walls to keep out invaders.


Haarlem
Haarlem

A settlement by the Dutch in the New World

Also a city in the Netherlands


Breuckelen
Breuckelen

Another settlement by the Dutch in New York

Today it is one of the largest boroughs in the city


Where are the dutch
Where are the Dutch

The majority of people who settled in the new colony were not Dutch

Over half of the population were English and other Europeans





What they were looking for
What They Were Looking For

New way to reach Asia to the Spice Islands and other wealth.

Do you see a pattern here?

The French colonized parts of Canada the whole way down to Florida. (See Map)


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