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Question 1

Question 1

In 1789, to raise money to operate, what did the new federal government impose?

A tariff


Question 2

Question 2

After a British warship fired on an American warship in 1807, President Jefferson asked Congress to pass what that halted trade with Europe?

Embargo Act


Question 3

Question 3

How did the U.S. gain the Louisiana Territory?

Bought it from France


Question 4

Question 4

Why did Jay’s Treaty do?

Prevented war with Great Britain


Question 5

Question 5

What does the last amendment in the Bill of Rights state?

Powers not given to the federal government are reserved to the states


Question 6

Question 6

Frances Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” when?

After the bombardment of Fort McHenry


Question 7

Question 7

The steamboat was an improvement over barges because it could do what?

Travel upstream


Question 8

Question 8

Why did cities grow in the U.S. during the Industrialization?

Higher wages of factory jobs lured people away from farm work


Question 9

Question 9

What did Pinckney’s Treaty give to the U.S.?

The right to navigate the Mississippi River


Question 10

Question 10

What social class of farmers is under the planters in the South?

Yeoman farmers


Question 11

Question 11

The Boston Manufacturing Company employed mostly women and children because why?

They would work for lower wages than men


Question 12

Question 12

The impeachment of Justice Samuel Chase established that judges could be removed for what reason?

Criminal behavior only


Question 13

Question 13

Where did John Q. Adams win the presidency in 1824?

He won the election in the House of Representatives


Question 14

Question 14

In the Treaty of Greenville, twelve Native American nations gave up land in the Northwest territory in exchange for what?

A yearly payment from the federal government


Question 15

Question 15

How did the Tariff of 1816 nurture American manufacturers?

By taxing imports


Question 16

Question 16

The limited liability provision of incorporation laws meant what?

That a person who bought stock in a corporation would not be responsible for the company’s debts if it went bankrupt


Question 17

Question 17

In the case Commonwealth v. Hunt, what did the Supreme Court rule?

Union strikes were legal


Question 18

Question 18

What were the two labor systems used to organize enslaved African Americans?

Task and gang system


Question 19

Question 19

In the election of 1824, supporters of Andrew Jackson accused John Q. Adams of winning through a “corrupt bargain” in which Adams gave Clay what?

A cabinet position


Question 20

Question 20

Supporters believed that national nominating conventions would give more political power to whom?

The people


Question 21

Question 21

During the War of 1812, who secretly arranged for the construction of a fleet on the coast of Lake Erie in Ohio?

Oliver Perry


Question 22

Question 22

Why did the Whig party advocate?

A strong federal government


Question 23

Question 23

Most Germans immigrants arriving between 1815 and 1860 settled where?

Midwest


Question 24

Question 24

In the case of Worcester v. Georgia, the Supreme Court ruled what?

State officials must honor Cherokee property rights


Question 25

Question 25

As President, John Q. Adams wanted to do what?

Expand the use of federal funds for internal improvements


Question 26

Question 26

What is the idea that states can declare a federal law unconstitutional?

Nullification


Question 27

Question 27

What was the solution that emerged in the Missouri Compromise?

Admit Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state


Question 28

Question 28

A planter was a white male who held how many slaves?

20 or more enslaved people


Question 29

Question 29

The election of 1800 was closely contested, and had an outcome that did what?

Resulted in a tie of Electoral College votes between the two candidates


Question 30

Question 30

What transportation project from Albany to Buffalo was completed in 1825?

Erie Canal


Question 31

Question 31

In the Adams-Onis Treaty, Spain did what?

Ceded Florida to the U.S


Question 32

Question 32

Jefferson strongly believed that a republic could only survive how?

The people owned the land


Question 33

Question 33

Macon’s Bill Number Two reopened trade with both Britain and France, but it stated that if either nation agreed to drop its restrictions on trade, the U.S. would do what?

Stop importing goods from the other nation


Question 34

Question 34

After the 1824 election, supporters of Jackson labeled themselves as Democrats, while Clay and his supporters formed a new party called what?

National Republicans


Question 35

Question 35

According to an accepted amendment to the Missouri Compromise, how could slavery spread?

Could expand into the Arkansas territory but not to the rest of the Louisiana Purchase


Question 36

Question 36

What did the decision in the Marbury v. Madison case establish?

The Court’s right of judicial review


Question 37

Question 37

What does a cotton gin do?

Removes the cotton seeds


Question 38

Question 38

Were the first locomotives clean and comfortable?

no


Question 39

Question 39

Supreme Court rulings in three important cases between 1816 and 1824 shaped the future of American government by establishing what?

Dominance of the nation over the states


Question 40

Question 40

Some leaders opposed the Bank of the U.S. because they believed what?

The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to create a bank


Question 41

Question 41

What was the XYZ Affair?

French demands for bribes from the U.S.


Question 42

Question 42

Why did the war between Britain and France put Washington in a difficult position?

Both France and Britain traded with the U.S.


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