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CHAPTER. 28. QUIT. Transformations Around the Globe , 1800–1914. Chapter Overview. Time Line. China Responds to Pressure from the West. 1. SECTION. Japan Modernizes. 2. SECTION. MAP. U.S. Economic Imperialism in Latin America. 3. SECTION. The Mexican Revolution. 4. SECTION.

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Transformations Around the Globe , 1800–1914

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Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

CHAPTER

28

QUIT

Transformations

Around the Globe, 1800–1914

Chapter Overview

Time Line

China Responds to Pressure from the West

1

SECTION

Japan Modernizes

2

SECTION

MAP

U.S. Economic Imperialism in Latin America

3

SECTION

The Mexican Revolution

4

SECTION

GRAPH

Visual Summary


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

CHAPTER

28

Chapter Overview

HOME

Transformations

Around the Globe, 1800–1914

Countries in East Asia and Latin America respond to Western imperialism in different ways. China and Japan try to modernize. Latin America becomes dependent on exports and foreign investments. Mexico fights for independence and political stability.


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

CHAPTER

28

1914

1800

HOME

Transformations

Around the Globe, 1800–1914

Time Line

1839China and Britain clash in Opium War.

1898United States wins Spanish-American War.

1914Panama Canal opens.

1823Monroe Doctrine reflects special U.S. interest in Americas.

1853Commodore Perry enters Tokyo harbor.

1910Mexican Revolution begins.


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

1

HOME

China Responds to

Pressure from the West

Key Idea

China clings to its ancient traditions and self-sufficiency, but eventually succumbs to both external pressure from Western powers and internal population and governmental pressures.

Overview

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

1

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

China Responds to

Pressure from the West

Overview

•Opium War

•extraterritorial rights

•Taiping Rebellion

•sphere of influence

•Open Door Policy

•Boxer Rebellion

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Western economic pressure forced China to open to foreign trade and influence.

China has become an increasingly important member of the global community.

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

1

1

Section

Assessment

1830

1839

Opium War

1900

HOME

China Responds to

Pressure from the West

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major events in China’s dealings with foreign nations between 1830 and 1900. Include both policies and actual confrontations in your discussion.

1842

Treaty of Nanjing

1850-1864

Taiping

Rebellion

1899

Open Door

Policy

Boxer

Rebellion

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

1

HOME

China Responds to

Pressure from the West

1

Section

Assessment

2. Do you think the opium trade was finally more harmful or beneficial to China? Explain. THINK ABOUT

•the effects of the Opium War

•other Chinese responses to foreign influence

•the aftermath of the Boxer Rebellion

ANSWER

Harmful—It had a negative effect on the people’s health and triggered numerous wars and uprisings.

Beneficial—It ultimately forced the Chinese government to face the discontent of the people and begin to reform.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 1


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

2

HOME

Japan Modernizes

MAP

Key Idea

Japan also faces pressures from Western nations, but, unlike China, it begins to modernize rapidly. It also emulates the Western imperialistic model and annexes Korea.

Overview

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

2

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

Japan Modernizes

MAP

Overview

•Treaty of Kanagawa

•Meiji era

•Russo-Japanese War

•annexation

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Japan followed the model of Western powers by industrializing and expanding its foreign influence.

Japan’s continued development of its own way of life has made it a leading world power.

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

2

2

Section

Assessment

Modernization

Imperialism

HOME

Japan Modernizes

MAP

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the steps that Japan took toward modernization and the events that contributed to its growth as an imperialistic power.

Claimed feudal lands for government

Abolished extraterritorial rights

Forced Korean ports to open

Studied Western ways

Fought Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars

Industrialized

Annexed Korea

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

2

HOME

Japan Modernizes

MAP

2

Section

Assessment

2. In your view, was Japan’s aggressive imperialism justified? THINK ABOUT

•reasons for Japan’s early isolation

•what Japan could gain from imperialism

•Japan’s treatment of conquered peoples

ANSWER

Justified—Japan had to expand to compete in the global economy.

Not justified—Japan didn’t have to rule Korea as harshly as it did.

Possible Responses:

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

2

HOME

Japan Modernizes

MAP

2

Section

Assessment

3. What influences do you think were most important in provoking Japan to build its empire?THINK ABOUT

•Japan’s size and geographical features

•Japan’s relations with China and Russia

•the interest of countries such as Britain and theUnited States in Japan

ANSWER

Because Japan is a small island, it was vulnerable to invaders. Having huge empire builders as neighbors forced Japan to expand in self-defense. The Japanese feared they might lose control of their country to the Western powers that traded at its ports.

Possible Response:

End of Section 2


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

3

HOME

U.S. Economic Imperialism

in Latin America

Key Idea

With its colonial legacy and political instability, Latin America remains economically under-developed after independence. In the late 1800s, the United States begins to exert great economic and political influence in Latin America.

Overview

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

3

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

U.S. Economic Imperialism

in Latin America

Overview

•caudillo

•Monroe Doctrine

•José Martí

•Spanish-American War

•Panama Canal

•Roosevelt Corollary

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

The United States put increasing economic and political pressure on Latin America during the 19th century.

This policy set the stage for 20th-century relations between Latin America and the United States.

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

3

1823

1898

1903

1904

1914

HOME

U.S. Economic Imperialism

in Latin America

3

Section

Assessment

1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major events of U.S. involvement in Latin America.

Monroe Doctrine

Spanish-American War

Panamanian Rebellion

Roosevelt Corollary

Panama Canal opened

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

3

HOME

U.S. Economic Imperialism

in Latin America

3

Section

Assessment

2. Do you think that U.S. imperialism was more beneficial or harmful to Latin American people? Explain.

THINK ABOUT

•the benefits provided by U.S.-owned companies

•the harmful effects of foreign economic and political influence

ANSWER

Beneficial—The jobs and export income that U.S.-owned companies generated helped poor farmers and working people.

Harmful—Foreign intervention prevented Latin American countries from becoming truly independent.

Possible Responses:

End of Section 3


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

4

HOME

The Mexican

Revolution

GRAPH

Key Idea

After territorial struggles with the United States, Mexico fights to achieve independence from France. It remains politically unstable, however, under the rule of military dictators. In the early 1900s, economic and political inequality incite the Mexican people to rebel.

Overview

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

4

TERMS & NAMES

MAIN IDEA

HOME

The Mexican

Revolution

GRAPH

Overview

•Antonio López de Santa Anna

•Benito Juárez

•La Reforma

•Porfirio Díaz

•Francisco Madero

•Francisco “Pancho” Villa

•Emiliano Zapata

WHY IT MATTERS NOW

Political, economic, and social inequalities in Mexico triggered a period of revolution and reform.

Mexico has moved toward political democracy and is a strong economic force in the Americas.

Assessment


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

4

Leader

Major Accomplishment

HOME

The Mexican

Revolution

GRAPH

4

Section

Assessment

1. List the major accomplishment of each Mexican leader discussed in this section.

Santa Anna

Led Mexican forces in revolt against the U.S.

Worked for reforms in education, land distribution, and separation of church and state

Juárez

Díaz

Promoted growth and industrialization

Madero

Started the Mexican Revolution

Villa and Zapata

Fought for peasants’ rights

Carranza

Revised Mexican constitution

Obregón

Promoted education, land reform, and workers’ rights

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

4

HOME

The Mexican

Revolution

GRAPH

4

Section

Assessment

2. Why did Juárez have trouble putting his liberal program La Reforma into action?THINK ABOUT

•the types of reforms Juárez wanted

•how those reforms would affect Mexicans of theupper and lower classes

•the political climate of the country

ANSWER

He faced powerful opposition from Santa Anna, who was against reform, and from the upper classes, who didn’t want to give up their land or power.

Possible Response:

continued . . .


Transformations around the globe 1800 1914

4

HOME

The Mexican

Revolution

GRAPH

4

Section

Assessment

3. Juárez’s motto for change in Mexico was “Liberty, Order, and Progress.” Díaz’s slogan was “Order and Progress.” What did this difference in goals mean for the country? THINK ABOUT

•Juárez’s accomplishments

•Díaz’s accomplishments

•the value of order and progress without liberty

ANSWER

•Loss of political freedom

•Human rights abuses

•Growing gap between rich and poor

Possible Responses:

End of Section 4


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