Review typesetting terminology
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Review typesetting terminology. Terminology. Loose line. abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz. Terminology. Tight line. abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz. Terminology. A. B. Tracking.

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Review typesetting terminology


Terminology

  • Loose line

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz


Terminology

  • Tight line

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz


Terminology

A

B

  • Tracking

In typography, tracking, also called letter-spacing, refers to the amount of space between a group of letters to affect density in a line or block of text.


Terminology

  • Widow

A paragraph-ending line that falls at the beginning of the following page/column, thus separated from the remainder of the text.

The Chicago Manual of Style


Terminology

  • Orphan (1)

A paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page/column.

The Chicago Manual of Style


Terminology

  • Orphan (2)

A word, part of a word, or very short line that appears by itself at the end of a paragraph. Orphans result in too much white space between paragraphs or at the bottom of a page.

The Chicago Manual of Style


Terminology

  • White space

White space, also known as negative space, is the term describing open space between design elements. Margins, leading, space between letters, words, paragraphs.


Terminology

  • River

In typography, rivers, or rivers of white, are visually unattractive gaps appearing to run down a paragraph of text, due to an accidental alignment of spaces.


Terminology

  • Out of register

An imperfect REGISTER, meaning that the two sides of a printed sheet do not back each other perfectly, or the impression is not in correct position in relation to the other matter already ruled or printed on the sheet.

http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/don/dt/dt2403.html


Terminology

  • Unbalanced column


PRINCE

Princess

Typesetting a Bible with Prince XML

Jim AlbrightWycliffe Bible Translators


My assignment

Create or extend a standard that will allow us to exchange Bibles in the process of translation that handles

  • multiple back translations (different languages),

  • translator and consultant notes, and

  • status of translation.


OXES based on OSIS

OXES (Open XML for Editing Scripture) was developed to add requested features.

OSIS focuses on the finished translation. OXES includes process information so in the future translators will know why a passage was translated the way it is.

OSIS is highly extensible. OXES is restrictive. All options are explicitly named.


Too many files to distribute

I have over 100 image files to include with the HTML documentation produced from the Relax NG schema.

Our son, Eric, suggested using Prince to produce one PDF file.


I looked at Prince PDF samples online


Prince PDF samples


Prince PDF samples


Prince PDF book


My OXES PDF documentation


Prince solved my problem

  • All the images are included in one PDF file that is easy to distribute

  • It seemed to handle book info well

  • So …


Since Prince can do books

Page size

Margins

Paragraph formatting


A Bible is a book –extra requirements

Chapter numbers

Verse numbers

Inline and stacking footnotes

And much more


Test OXES by printing Bible

To test that I had a complete specification I decided to transform a Bible into OXES and then to print using Prince XML.


My Prince output: 1 column

justified

ragged


My Prince output: 2 column

justified

ragged


Typesetting

Complete automatic typesetting for a Bible probably won’t happen.

Need to insert and place pictures

Need to do tracking


Typesetting with Princess

Show how to fix

Show what needs to be fixed

Show how to use Princess - live


Good but not good enough


Which is better A or B? Why?

A

B


Which is better A or B? Why?

A

B


How do we get “B”?

Use Princess.


Princess

Princess – tracking menu

Adobe Reader


Select text with mouse


Select tracking


Princess calls Prince

Prince success

Progress bar


Princess calls Prince

Prince success

Tracking in PDF


Interactive tracking


Interactive tracking


Interactive tracking


Interactive tracking


Interactive tracking


Fix other paragraph


Add pictures

Add picture of John the Baptist around MRK 1.4 to MRK 1.8.

Add picture of Jesus baptism around MRK 1.9 to MRK 1.12

Add 2 column picture of last supper aroundMRK 14.12 to MRK 14.26.


Page 2 with pictures inline


Page 2 no picture in text


To insert picture


Select anchor


Select picture and insert


Picture column top


Select anchor for second picture


Bad design - tombstone


Select picture


Picture column bottom


2 column picture


How do you get the PDF that you want?

  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheet

  • XML source text – Extensible Markup Language

  • Combine in PrinceXML to give you

  • PDF


Introduction

CSS

div.introduction{

font-style:italic;

border-bottom-width: 1pt;

border-bottom-style:solid;

padding: 0 0 6pt 0;

margin: 0 0 6pt 0;

}

XML

<div class="introduction">

<p class="first" te="Paragraph" usfm="p">Èleèèna, Maria nètiMagdala, Maria dhuleohari (inaYakobis), dènge Salome, ra mate dailod'ocèna, ho èlelod'osabaj'a. Hekaralasihèlièihèumèngi, sèna ka bèlirèngulasipakose mi ngi'uYesus, madhutuad'adhèuYahudi. RopahariMigumadaeaaena, tèluralasiro'aYesus. Ètutaloraj'ara, tèlurapadhue, akurènguna, “Waa! Dai nèina, cee ka dhulolieelehadhuaaena, nètihèbaro'a? Èdhitèluti se, bisaboe, lulahadhuèènakapaibia!” </p>

PDF


Text editor

Prince

XML

CSS

PDF

Hyphenation rules

Prince XML

Adobe Reader


Text editor

Princess

copy

CSS

PDF

XML

Hyphenation rules

Princess

Prince XML

Adobe Reader


Prince PDF Bible

Prince offers a free license for non-commercial use of Prince.

This license adds a small logo to the first page of generated PDF files.

Professional License

495 USD

Server License

3800 USD

Academic Server License

1900 USD


More info for Prince

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vcXUrNSvjhU

  • http://www.princexml.com/

  • http://www.princexml.com/roadmap/

  • Google: google Prince xml techtalk youtube


More info for Princess

  • http://code.google.com/p/princess-2010


Coming soon

1. Support graphite font tables for complex scripts - This should fix end of ayah problems.

2. Support optical alignment for neater margins.

3. Thai fonts

4. Allow footnotes to be formatted as inline boxes.

5. Add kashidas for Arabic justification.

6. Be able to flip picture so face goes opposite direction.

7. Rotate text so it slants uphill/downhill.

8. Make the invisblertlltr markers non printing.

9. Support for named flows as defined by CSS3 Generated Content for Paged Media.

10. Support CSS3 properties for control of justification.

11. Support CSS3 sidenotes.


Future

1. Develop mechanism to combine identical page references for indexing.

2. Support the float property on the ::first-letter pseudo-element.

3. Support Arabic subtending marks, U+600 to U+603.

4. Add padding-inside / padding-outside and border-inside / border-outside properties for duplex page layouts.

5. Support vertical text layout.

6. Fix bug where multiple floats can overlap if they are pulled out of their containing block by negative margins.


Imagine sunset picture here

  • end


Questions about Prince XML

Michael Day at Prince XML responds to requests for improvements. They value user feedback.

Prince wants to do almost all possible printing with no human intervention.


Page continued

Bleed

layout, type or pictures that extend beyond the trim marks on a page. Illustrations that spread to the edge of the paper without margins are referred to as 'bled off'.

Border

a continuous decorative design or rule surrounding the matter on the page.


XML + CSS

XML text

Cascading Style Sheet

Properties

probably only ones not needed

text line through

text line through color

text line through style

text overline

text overline color

text overline style


CSS handles lots of print needs


Widow

  • div.scriptureText{

  • columns:2;

  • column-gap:6pt;

  • column-fill: balance;

  • prince-hyphenate-patterns: url("../hyphen-nfa.txt") ;

  • hyphens: auto ;

  • hyphenate-before: 2;

  • hyphenate-after: 3;

  • hyphenate-lines: 1;

  • widows:2;

  • ophans:2;

  • }

Prince handles widows and orphans (definition #1)

The Chicago Manual of Style


Other possible problems

Rivers, Lakes

Widows


2


3


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