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NT Greek I. Dr. Samuel Lamerson. Greek Verbs. Tenses Present Aorist Future Imperfect Perfect Pluperfect. Greek Verbs- tenses. Present Shows action in present time. Greek Verbs- tenses. Future Shows action of the verb as defined in the future. Greek Verbs- tenses. Aorist

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Nt greek i

NT Greek I

Dr. Samuel Lamerson


Greek verbs

Greek Verbs

Tenses

Present

Aorist

Future

Imperfect

Perfect

Pluperfect


Greek verbs tenses

Greek Verbs- tenses

Present

Shows action in present time


Greek verbs tenses1

Greek Verbs- tenses

Future

Shows action of the verb as defined in the future.


Greek verbs tenses2

Greek Verbs- tenses

Aorist

Simple, undefined action.


Greek verbs tenses3

Greek Verbs- tenses

Imperfect

Continuous or linear action

in past time.


Greek verbs tenses4

Greek Verbs- tenses

Perfect

The action was completed in the past, but has lasting and continuing results into the future.


Greek verbs tenses5

Greek Verbs- tenses

Pluperfect

The action was completed in the past, with continuing results in the past.


Greek verbs moods

Greek Verbs- Moods

Indicative

Imperative

Subjunctive

Optative

Participle*

Infinitive


Greek verbs moods1

Greek Verbs- Moods

Indicative

Makes an assertion of fact


Greek verbs moods2

Greek Verbs- Moods

Imperative

A command to do something.


Greek verbs moods3

Greek Verbs- Moods

Subjunctive

Makes an assertion about which there is some doubt, uncertainty, or indefiniteness


Greek verbs moods4

Greek Verbs- Moods

Optative

Usually expresses a wish or desire.


Greek verbs moods5

Greek Verbs- Moods

Participle*

A verbal adjective


Greek verbs moods6

Greek Verbs- Moods

Infinitive*

A verbal noun


Greek verbs voices

Greek Verbs- Voices

Active

Passive

Middle


Greek verbs voices1

Greek Verbs- Voices

Active

Action was completed by the subject of the verb.


Greek verbs voices2

Greek Verbs- Voices

Passive

The subject receives the action of the verb.


Greek verbs voices3

Greek Verbs- Voices

Middle

The subject acts in some way upon itself or to itself.


Present active indicative

Present Active Indicative

Present tense stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary active personal endings

lu + o + men = luvomen


Greek verbs charts

Greek Verbs- Charts

Stem: This is the part of the verb that carries the basic meaning.

Connecting vowel: Greek verbs sometimes need a vowel after the stem to aid in the pronunciation of the word.

Personal endings: Suffixes added to the end of the verb indicating person and number


Greek verbs charts1

Greek Verbs- Charts

Our first set of endings and the primary active endings are as follows:

1s-w

2s-eiV

3s-ei

1p-omen

2p-ete

3p-ousi(n)


Greek verbs charts2

Greek Verbs- Charts

Parsing: the breaking down of the verb and denoting of: person, number, tense, voice, mood, lexical form, and definition of inflected form.

Lexical form: For verbs, this will be the 1st person singular, present indicative.


Paradigm present active indicative luvvw

Paradigm: Present Active Indicative- luvvw

Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st Sing.

Redup Stem Form. Vowel Endings Paradigm

Present Present o / e Prim act luvw



Greek verbs tense

Greek Verbs- Tense

Aspect: This can be either continuous or undefined.

Aspect ALWAYS takes precedence over time

Time: Present tense generally indicates an action occurring in the present tense.


Verbs personal pronouns

Verbs & Personal Pronouns

It is not usually necessary to provide the personal pronoun as the subject of a verb because the verb ending indicates the personal pronoun subject of the verb.

Reasons for including the personal pronoun are twofold:

Emphasis.

Gender.


Master verb chart
Master Verb Chart

Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st Sing Redup Stem Form. Vowel Endings Paradigm

Present act pres o/e prim act luvw



Assignment

Assignment

Workbook-

Complete Parsing section 1-5

Complete warm-up sectiona-g

Complete translation section 1-5

Study Vocab 4-17

Read ch. 17


Alpha
Alpha

  • pisteu,w

  • I believe


Beta

  • th.n fwnh.n auvtou/ avkou,eij

  • You hear its sound


Gamma
Gamma

  • evxousi,an e;cei o` ui`o.j tou/ avnqrw,pou

  • the son of man has authority


Delta
Delta

  • to. fw/j tou/ ko,smou tou,tou ble,pousin

  • They see the light of the world


16.1

  • tou,tw| u`mei/j ouv pisteu,ete

  • you do not believe this


16.2

  • avpekri,qh o` o;cloj( Daimo,nion e;ceij\

  • The crowd answered, “you have a demon”


16.3

  • Ouvk e;cw a;ndra

  • I do not have a man (husband)


16.4

  • ti, de. ble,peij to. ka,rfoj (splinter) to. evn tw/| ovfqalmw/| tou/ avdelfou/ sou;

  • Why do you see the splinter in the eye of your brother?


16.5

  • o` w'n (one who is) evk tou/ qeou/ ta. r`h,mata tou/ qeou/ avkou,ei\ dia. tou/to u`mei/j ouvk avkou,ete( o[ti evk tou/ qeou/ ouvk evste,Å

  • The one who is of God hears the words of God, on account of this you are not hearing because you are not of God


16.6

  • pa,ntote ga.r tou.j ptwcou.j e;cete meqV e`autw/n( evme. de. ouv pa,ntote e;cete\

  • For you will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me with you


16.7

  • su. pisteu,eij eivj to.n ui`o.n tou/ avnqrw,pouÈ

  • Do you believe in the son of man?


16.8

  • le,gw ga.r u`mi/n o[ti oi` a;ggeloi auvtw/n evn ouvranoi/j dia. panto.j ble,pousi to. pro,swpon tou/ patro,j mou tou/ evn ouvranoi/jÅ

  • For I am telling you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my father in heaven.


16.9

  • u`mw/n de. maka,rioi oi` ovfqalmoi. o[ti ble,pousin kai. ta. w=ta u`mw/n o[ti avkou,ousinÅ (the main verb is implied in both phrases)

  • But blessed are your eyes because they see and your ears because they hear.


16 10a
16.10a

  • le,gousin ou=n tw/| tuflw/| pa,lin( Ti, su. le,geij peri. auvtou/( o[ti hvne,w|xe,n (he opened) sou tou.j ovfqalmou,jÈ o` de. ei=pen o[ti Profh,thj evsti,nÅ

  • Therefore they are saying again to the blind man, “What are you saying about him, because he opened your eyes?” and he said “he is a prophet.”


16 10b
16.10b

  • Ou-to,j evstin o` ui`o.j u`mw/n( o]n u`mei/j le,gete o[ti tuflo.j evgennh,qh (was born)È pw/j ou=n ble,pei a;rtiÈ (now)

  • Is this your son who you say was born blind? How can he see now?


16.c

  • avpekri,qh ou=n evkei/noj( Eiv a`martwlo,j (sinner) evstin ouvk oi=da\ e]n oi=da (I know) o[ti tuflo.j w'n (being) a;rti ble,pwÅ

  • Then answering them, “If he is a sinner I do not know. One thing I know, that being blind now I am seeing.


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