NT Greek I. Dr. Samuel Lamerson. Greek Verbs. Tenses Present Aorist Future Imperfect Perfect Pluperfect. Greek Verbs- tenses. Present Shows action in present time. Greek Verbs- tenses. Future Shows action of the verb as defined in the future. Greek Verbs- tenses. Aorist
Dr. Samuel Lamerson
Shows action in present time
Shows action of the verb as defined in the future.
Simple, undefined action.
Continuous or linear action
in past time.
The action was completed in the past, but has lasting and continuing results into the future.
The action was completed in the past, with continuing results in the past.
Makes an assertion of fact
A command to do something.
Makes an assertion about which there is some doubt, uncertainty, or indefiniteness
Usually expresses a wish or desire.
A verbal adjective
A verbal noun
Action was completed by the subject of the verb.
The subject receives the action of the verb.
The subject acts in some way upon itself or to itself.
Present tense stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary active personal endings
lu + o + men = luvomen
Stem: This is the part of the verb that carries the basic meaning.
Connecting vowel: Greek verbs sometimes need a vowel after the stem to aid in the pronunciation of the word.
Personal endings: Suffixes added to the end of the verb indicating person and number
Our first set of endings and the primary active endings are as follows:
Parsing: the breaking down of the verb and denoting of: person, number, tense, voice, mood, lexical form, and definition of inflected form.
Lexical form: For verbs, this will be the 1st person singular, present indicative.
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st Sing.
Redup Stem Form. Vowel Endings Paradigm
Present Present o / e Prim act luvw
Aspect: This can be either continuous or undefined.
Aspect ALWAYS takes precedence over time
Time: Present tense generally indicates an action occurring in the present tense.
It is not usually necessary to provide the personal pronoun as the subject of a verb because the verb ending indicates the personal pronoun subject of the verb.
Reasons for including the personal pronoun are twofold:
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st Sing Redup Stem Form. Vowel Endings Paradigm
Present act pres o/e prim act luvw
Complete Parsing section 1-5
Complete warm-up sectiona-g
Complete translation section 1-5
Study Vocab 4-17
Read ch. 17