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MSHA Haulage Safety. Types of Mobile Equipment. Pre-Shift Inspection Per 56.14100. Pre-shift Inspection Inspected by equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift Defects that affect safety corrected in timely manner

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Pre-Shift InspectionPer 56.14100

  • Pre-shift Inspection

    • Inspected by equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift

    • Defects that affect safety corrected in timely manner

    • Equipment with defects taken out of service and parked in designated area

    • Defects not immediately corrected, shall be reported and recorded, until defects are fixed


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Haulage Requirements

  • Requirements for Seat Belts

    • Seat Belt on Haul Truck - 56.14131 (SAE J386) Operator Restraint Systems for Off Road Work Machines, 1985

    • Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance


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Haulage Requirements

  • Requirements for Seat Belts

    • Seat Belt on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J386 or SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983)

    • Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance


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Haulage Requirements

  • Requirements for ROPS

    • ROPS on Loader - 56.14130 (a) (SAE J1040) Performance Criteria for ROPS Structures for Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry and Mining Machines 1986 or

    • ROPS on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983)


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ROPS

  • Rollover Protective Structure

    • Permanent label affixed to structure with

    • Manufacturer’s Name & Address

    • Make and Model Number of Equipment

    • Installed per Manufacturer’s Recommendations

    • Re-certified by Manufacturer or Registered Professional Engineer with knowledge and experience in ROPS design after rollover of abnormal structural load, alterations or repair


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FOPS

  • Falling Object Protection 56.14106 for forklifts, front end loader and bulldozers

    • when used in area when hazard could be created

    • Capable of withstanding loads to which it would be subjected


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Brakes

  • Service Brakes - 56.14101(a)(1)

    • Service brake system capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels

  • Parking Brakes - 56.14101(b)(2)

    • Parking brakes capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels


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Brake Test Requirements

  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3)

    • Conducted under the direction of the mine operator in cooperation with the instructions provided by the MSHA Inspector only when:

    • Equipment capable of travelling between 10 & 20 mph

    • Where there is an appropriate test site

    • Front-end loaders have bucket empty

    • Mobile Equipment is not carrying explosives


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Brake Test Procedures

  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3)

    • Equipment must reach and maintain a constant speed between 10 & 20 mph prior to enter 100 ft test site

    • Roadway must be wide enough for equipment and must be level, dry and packed

    • Braking with those systems used under normal operating conditions (no parking brakes)

    • In proper gear for the appropriate speed


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Brake Test Evaluation

  • Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(4)

    • Stopping distances measures from point where operator receives signal to stop to actual stopping distance

    • Must be within chart in Table 1

    • If not, operator may request up to 4 more test runs ( 2 in each direction) of which on 3 must meet the appropriate stopping distances for speed and vehicle weight


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Back-up Alarms

  • Back-up Alarms 56.14132(a) -When operator has obstructed view to the rear:

    • Automatic reverse activated signal alarm

    • Wheel mounted bell alarm

    • Discriminating backup alarm covers area of view

    • Observer (spotter) 56.9305(c) truck must stop when unable to clearly recognize spotter’s signals

  • All alarms above surrounding noise levels

  • Automatic reverse activated at night


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    Windows

    • Windows 56.14103(a) - If Windows are provided:

      • Made of safety glass or equivalent

      • Maintained to provide safe operation

      • Replaced or removed if damaged and obscures visibility


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    Fire Extinguishers

    • Fire Extinguishers on Mobile Equipment

      • 56.4230(a) - Whenever a fire or its effects can impede escape from mobile equipment or

      • 56.4230(b) can impede the escape of others in the area, extinguisher must be on vehicle or within a 100 feet of equipment

      • Located to permit use

      • Fire Suppression system can be substituted if it can be activated manually


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    Warning Signals

    • Warnings 56.14200 - Mobile Equipment Before moving any equipment:

      • Sound a warning that is audible above surrounding area or

      • Use other effective means to warn persons


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    Securing Movable Parts

    • Warnings 56.14206 - Mobile Equipment

      • When moving any equipment:

        • Parts of equipment must be in travel mode

        • Mechanically secured

    • Getting Off Equipment - 56.9318

      • Persons cannot get off moving mobile equipment

  • Clearances 56.9306 - Warning devices

    • Devices installed and restricted area marked


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    Unattended or Not in Use

    • Securing Parts 56.14206(b) - Equipment When equipment is unattended or not in use:

      • Parts of equipment must be lowered to ground

      • Mechanically secured

    • Parking Procedures 56.14207 Equipment not left unattended unless:

      • Placed in park and parking brake set, wheels chocked


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    Warning Devices

    • Warning Devices 56.14208

      • When parked and creates a hazard

      • When carrying load that project more than 4 feet beyond sides or rear

      • Must have visible warning device (Red Flag) attached to end of load or person walking beside or behind load with flag or light

      • Must use light in limited visibility condition


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    Movement of Buckets

    • Movement of Buckets, Dippers, Booms 56.14210

      • Not be swung over Operator’s station on Mobile Equipment until operator is out of station and in a safe location

      • Does not apply to equipment specially designed to protect operator from falling objects (FOPS)


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    Transporting People

    • Transporting People 56.9200(a)

      Persons Not Transported in or on:

      • dippers, forks, clamshells, buckets

      • in beds of mobile equipment

      • on the top of loads, with materials/equipment

      • outside cabs, equipment stations

      • between cars on trains, on leading ends

      • to and from work areas on crowded equipment

      • on conveyors


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    Transporting People

    • Transporting People 56.9200(b)

      • Persons Transported in beds of mobile equipment when provisions are made for secure travel and means are taken to prevent accidental unloading if equipment is provided with unloading device

      • when necessary for maintenance, testing or training and above provisions taken

      • On conveyors when designed for such travel


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    Working in Raised Position

    • Blocking of Equipment 56.14211

      • Persons cannot work on top, under or from Mobile Equipment in a raised position until the equipment has been blocked or mechanically secured from movement

        • provided with a functional load locking device or equivalent

    • Repairs During Maintenance 56.14105

      • Blocked against motion/power off (lockout)


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    Berms

    • Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(a) must be provided and maintained:

      • On banks of roadways where a drop off of sufficient grade and depth may cause a vehicle to overturn or endanger equipment operators

      • Must be at least mid-axle height of largest vehicle

      • Have openings for drainage


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    Berms Not Required

    • Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(d) may not be required provided that and elevated roadways are infrequently traveled and used by service or maintenance vehicles

      • And locked gates are installed at entrance points

      • Warning signs posted “Roadway NOT bermed”

      • Delineators installed at intervals (3) to indicate edge

      • Maximum speed limit is posted (slope,width,type)

      • Road surface traction not impaired by weather


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    Tire Repairs

    • Tire Repairs 56.14104

      • Before a tire can be removed, the valve cord must be partially removed for gradual deflation of the tire and persons must stand outside the potential trajectory of the locking rim of a multi-piece rim

      • During inflation a wheel cage or other restraining device or stand off inflation device must be used


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    Traffic Control

    • Traffic Control 56.9100 Safe Movement

    • Rules governing:

      • Speed, Right of Way, Movement of Direction, and Use of Headlights to assure visibility must be established at each mine and followed

      • Signs or signals, warning of hazards shall be placed at appropriate locations


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    Operating Speed

    • Traffic Control 56.9101

    • Maintain control of vehicle

    • Operating speeds consistent with:

      • conditions of roadways

      • tracks, grades, clearance

      • visibility, traffic

      • type of equipment used


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    Loading

    • Loading/ Hauling in Safe Manner -56.9201

    • Prevent Spillage - 56.9202 Mobile Equipment loaded in a manner to minimize spillage

    • Activity Between Equipment & Machinery-

      56.3430 - Persons cannot work, travel only for dismounting purposes


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    Carrying Explosives

    • Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a)

      • Maintained in good condition and equipped:

        • With sides and enclosures higher than explosive materials or explosives secured to non-conductive pallet

        • With separate cargo space

        • Two fire extinguishers or one and fire suppression

        • Posted with appropriate warning signs

        • Occupied by personnel necessary for handling explosives


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    Carrying Explosives

    • Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a)

      • Maintained in good condition and equipped:

        • Attended or cargo compartment locked, except when parked at blast site and loading in progress

        • Secured while parked by:

          • having brakes set

          • Wheels chocked if movement can occur

          • Engine shut off unless powering device is being used

        • Have no sparking materials exposed in cargo area

        • Have non-sparking materials properly secured


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    Fueling

    • Fueling Internal Combustion Engines

    • 56.4103 Engines shall be shut off during fueling when tanks are integral part of equipment, does not apply to diesel powered engines


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    Safe Operating Procedures

    • Powered Haulage has had more miner fatalities than any other accident classification:

      • Providing safe access on and off mobile equipment helps prevents slips, trips, & falls

      • Conducting a pre-shift inspection of the equipment and of the surrounding ground helps preventaccidents due to equipment failures and collapse of ground


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    MSHA Inspection

    • Haulage equipment continues to receive the highest priority during an inspection by MSHA

    • Seat belt violations are of special interest to every inspector

    • Any equipment brought into a mine can be subject to a MSHA Inspection


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