Integrating climate change into the emergency management context
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Integrating Climate Change into the Emergency Management Context. Nancy J. Gassman, Ph.D. Sustainability Manager City of Fort L auderdale. Governor’s Hurricane Conference, Orlando, May 16, 2014. Regional Context for Climate and Emergency Management City of Fort Lauderdale

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Integrating Climate Change into the Emergency Management Context

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Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Integrating Climate Change into the Emergency Management Context

Nancy J. Gassman, Ph.D.

Sustainability Manager

City of Fort Lauderdale

Governor’s Hurricane Conference, Orlando, May 16, 2014


Overview

  • Regional Context for Climate and Emergency Management

  • City of Fort Lauderdale

    • A Vision for Community Resilience

    • Vulnerabilities

    • Emergency Response Needs NOW

    • Building Climate Resilience into Operations

Overview

Governor’s Hurricane Conference, Orlando, May 16, 2014


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Changing Temperatures

Extreme

Weather

Sea Level Rise

  • http://geology.com/hurricanes

Sun-Sentinel

Will Greenlee,

Scripps Treasure Coast Newspapers

Getty Images


The compact

The Compact

  • State and Federal Climate Policy Collaboration

  • Technical Planning Tools

  • Regional Climate Change Action Plan

  • Annual Summits


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Planning for Sea Level Rise


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

Saltwater/ Tidal Impacts

Inundation Mapping

Regional digital elevation model

1, 2, and 3 foot scenarios

Common way to express potential risk

Stormwater Drainage Impacts


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Regional Climate Change Action Plan

  • 110 Actions

  • Sustainable Communities & Transportation Planning

  • Water Supply, Management & Infrastructure

  • Natural Systems

  • Agriculture

  • Energy & Fuel

  • Risk Reduction & Emergency Management

  • Public Outreach

  • Public Policy

http://southeastfloridaclimatecompact.org


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Risk Reduction & Emergency Management

  • GOAL: Provide a more resilient natural and built physical environment in light of climate change.

    • Performinfrastructure vulnerability assessment and economic impact

    • Improve adaptation response for at-risk communities

    • Incorporate climate into LMS

    • Identify impacts to transportation assets

    • Implement and enforce building codes


Vision statement

Vision Statement

http://www.fortlauderdale.gov/vision


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

  • Storm Surge

  • >50 years since last major storm surge

  • Sea level rise will increase impacts

  • ↑ rainfall associated with storm will cause more flooding


One foot sea level rise scenario

One Foot Sea Level RiseScenario

Major Impacts

2040 – 2070

Parks and historical sites

Select local roads

Natural areas

Low-lying tidal areas


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Two Foot Sea Level RiseScenario

Major Impacts

2060 – 2115

Local streets

Low lying communities

Low lying areas in golf courses and parks

Marine facilities


Fort lauderdale vulnerability assessment

Fort Lauderdale Vulnerability Assessment

Airports

Bridges

City Arterial Roads

City Hall

City Parks

Community Re-development Areas (CRA)

County Parks

Evacuation Routes

Fire Rescue Stations

Hospitals

Law Enforcement Assets

Schools

WTP/WWTP

Wave

Regional Activity Centers (RAC)

Photo Credit: Paul Krashefski (Broward County)


Evacuation routes two foot sea level rise

Evacuation Routes Two Foot Sea Level Rise

Eight total routes affected

Affected evacuation routes leading away from the beach:

Oakland Park Blvd.

Las OlasBlvd.

A1A


Integrating climate change into the emergency management context

Access issues within 1000ft. Radius

Access issues beginning with 2ft. SLR

Fire Rescue 54

Fire Rescue 13


Impacts of higher temperatures

Impacts of Higher Temperatures

  • On the public

    • ↑ incident of heat exhaustion at events

  • On Firefighters and EMTs

    • Greater need for hydration

  • On Operations, Training, Budgets

    • Higher HVAC costs


Impacts of extreme weather

Impacts of Extreme Weather

  • On the public

    • ↑ incidences of flooding in homes

  • On Firefighters and EMTs

    • Access issues with road flooding

  • On Operations, Training, Budgets

    • Need for different equipment


Impacts of high tides and sea level

Impacts of High Tides and Sea Level

  • On the public

    • Driving hazards with flooded roads

  • On Firefighters and EMTs

    • More water based rescues

  • On Operations, Training, Budgets

    • ↑ vehicle maintenance from driving thru saltwater


Building resilience at every scale of government

Building Resilience at Every Scale of Government

..

2 Regional

Planning

Councils

50-year

7-County Prosperity Plan

Four

Counties

Regional Climate Action Plan

Climate Change Action Plan

Local Mitigation Strategy

County level

Land

Use

Plan

City level

  • Sustainability Action Plan

  • Community Investment Plan

  • Comprehensive Plan


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Florida is vulnerable and experiencing climate impacts now.

  • Climate change impacts are creating emergency situations

  • Local and regional planning now can address risks and reduce future vulnerability.

  • Working at every level of government is necessary to build regional climate resilience.


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