Hand held wireless computers in education
Download
1 / 32

Innovation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Project for Diffusion class

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentationdownload

Innovation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Hand held wireless computers in education l.jpg

Hand Held Wireless Computers in Education

Marcia Wert


Handheld wireless computers l.jpg

Handheld Wireless Computers

  • Encompass:

    • PDA’s or Personal Digital Assistants

    • Wireless laptops/compact laptops/Ultra compact laptops

    • Mobile Phones

    • Smart Phones

    • Tablet PC’s

    • Game consoles - Wi

    • Media Players – Ipod’s

    • Hybrid devices - include a mixture of mobile phones and tablet PC’s


Need for handheld wireless l.jpg

Need for Handheld Wireless

  • The need for business professionals to keep track of:

    • Contacts

    • e-mail

    • voice mail

    • addresses

    • phone numbers

    • appointments


Need for handheld wireless4 l.jpg

Need for Handheld Wireless

  • Mobility of Communication to access the Internet

  • Ability to connect anytime - as long as an Internet portal is available

  • Need for speed to connect – electronic trading


Categories l.jpg

Categories

  • The project will be narrowed to Personal Digital Assistants or PDA’s

  • 2 Categories

    • Hand Held Computers:

      • Larger Liquid Crystal Display

      • Mini Keyboard

    • Palm-Size Computer

      • Stylus

      • Touch Screen and hand writing recognition


Characteristics l.jpg

Characteristics

  • Characteristics of PDA’s

    • No Hard Drive

    • Programs stored on Read-only Memory (ROM)

    • Microprocessor

    • Input/Output ports


History l.jpg

History

  • History of the PDA

  • These Companies invented and marketed their PDA’s

    • 1980 - Invented By Psion Company

    • 1993 - Apple used touch sensitive screens and handwriting recognition

    • 1995 - US Robotics – Palm Pilot

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iz4GwLpxAhc


Lead thinkers l.jpg

Lead Thinkers

  • Lead Thinkers on this Research

    • Cheung Sum Wing

    • Hew Foon Khe

  • Lead Designers

    • Psion - Nick Healey - as a programmer, with a degree in Computer and Microprocessor Engineering

    • Apple- Newton- Steve Capps and Michael Tchao


Problems in development l.jpg

Problems in Development

  • Psion's weak point was Internet connectivity in countries where wireless service isn't available

  • Apple’s Newton-

    • Problem with fonts

    • Sent faxes

    • Limited communication


Problems in development10 l.jpg

Problems in Development

  • Palm Pilot - limited memory and a relatively slow processor, also key components still written in Assembler

    • Good assembler programmers

    • Development of programs

    • Instructions to write

    • Complex algorithms

    • Debugging


Intended market l.jpg

Intended Market

  • In the beginning

    • The business world, in order to be mobile in communications

  • Present

    • Education Field


Findings l.jpg

Findings

  • On utilizing the devices as

    (21.8%)-Communication

    (20.5%)- Multimedia access

    (17.9%)-Task management tool

  • On the use of handhelds as

    (14.1%)-Assessment

    (12.8%)-Capture tools

    (6.4%)-Representational

    (6.4%)-Analytical tools


Steps for innovation process l.jpg

Steps for Innovation Process

  • Production

    - Initiated by Packaging

    • Licensing of PDA’s

  • Marketing

    • Consists of two 1 hour classes to instruct faculty and students on usage

  • Distribution

    • Set number of PDA’s for 2 classes and corresponding faculty


Stages l.jpg

Stages

Confirmation

Decision

Implementation

Decision

Persuasion

Knowledge


Knowledge stage l.jpg

Knowledge Stage

  • 1995 – Co-Worker

  • 2001 – PDA’s in the classroom

    A small video supporting knowledge studies from universities on PDA’s

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOyGyXatx5c


Persuasion stage l.jpg

Persuasion Stage

  • Costs can be minimized

  • High Mobility

  • Good visuals in color, sound, and networking

  • Familiar “Start” menu

  • Standard Microsoft applications

  • Standard support for the hardware

  • Supports other Hardware

  • Increases motivation of students

Click on image


Decision stage l.jpg

Decision Stage

  • Investment

    • Faculty

    • Hardware costs

    • Software costs

    • Training costs

      • Information Technology

      • Faculty

      • Students

Click


Implementation stage l.jpg

Implementation Stage

But my PDA, unlike my phone, actually “persuaded”

me to learn how to better use it. (Schrage,2004)

  • Time period for Delivery – 1 month

  • One hour class to instruction students on the use

    of the PDA

  • Two hour classes to instruct faculty-

    “While the teachers were clear on the basic operations of the PDAs, they were caught by surprise concerning student engagement and in the ways the software could be used to pose or solve particular coding problems.” As stated by Goldman, Pea, Maldonado, Martin, White and associates at Stanford University (2004).

  • Active enrollment of students in credit classes and corresponding training classes

    Schrage, M. (2004). The power of Persuasion, Retrieved 10 05, 2009 from http://www.leighbureau.com/speakers/MSchrage/essays/persuasion.pdf

    Goldman, S., Pea, R., Maldonado, H., Martin, L. White, T. &

    the WILD Team @ Stanford University. (2004). Functioning in the wireless classroom, P. 5. Retrieved 10 06, 2009 from http://hci.stanford.edu/publications/2004/WILDClassroomWMTE2004/WILDClassroomWMTE2004.pdf


Confirmation stage l.jpg

Confirmation Stage

  • After Purchase

    • Faculty

    • Monthly informal meetings

    • E-Mail

    • Information Technology

    • Surveys

Click


Communication channels l.jpg

Communication Channels

  • Knowledge – Mass Media for Education

  • Persuasion – Interpersonal

  • Decision – Interpersonal/

    Mass Media

  • Implementation – Interpersonal

  • Confirmation - Interpersonal

Be not the first by who the new is tried, nor the last to lay the old aside.

-Alexander Pope, An Essay on Criticism, Part II

http://cyber.bentley.edu/faculty/wb/courses/370/opencommclimate.doc


S curve for adoption l.jpg

S-Curve for Adoption

http://www.valuebasedmanagement.net/methods_rogers_innovation_adoption_curve.html


Key innovators and early adopters l.jpg

Key Innovators and Early Adopters

  • Younger Instructors

  • Non-tenure Instructors


Strategies for key innovators and early adopters l.jpg

Strategies for Key Innovators and Early Adopters

  • Persuasion

  • Complexity

  • Compatibility

  • Ease of Use or Trail ability


Laggards l.jpg

Laggards

  • Older Instructors

    • Persuasion

  • Retirement

    • Persuasion


Strategies for laggards l.jpg

Strategies for Laggards

  • Group and peer pressure

  • Change agents

  • Group meetings for faculty


Hybrid of centralized and decentralized approach l.jpg

Hybrid of Centralized and Decentralized Approach

  • Centralized

  • Decentralized

    http://www4.uwm.edu/cuts/bench/princp.htm#cent


Key change agents l.jpg

Key Change Agents

  • Dean

  • Faculty Leaders


S curve for adoption28 l.jpg

S-Curve for Adoption

Critical Mass


Need for pda s l.jpg

Need for PDA’s

  • The need for PDA’s for this University

    • To promote future growth of the student populace by:

      • Accreditation

      • Improvement

      • Visualization of cutting edge technologies


Need for pda s30 l.jpg

Need for PDA’s

  • For Faculty

    • Assessment

    • Analytical tools

    • Communication

    • Multimedia access

    • Task Management tool

    • Representational


Need for pda s31 l.jpg

Need for PDA’s

  • For Students

    • Communication

    • Multimedia access

    • Task Management tool


Questions l.jpg

Questions?


ad
  • Login