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Swine Flu Symptoms PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Swine Flu Symptoms

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Swine Flu Symptoms

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Swine flu dr anil ballani consultant physician hinduja lilavati hospital l.jpg

Swine FluDr Anil BallaniConsultant Physician Hinduja & Lilavati Hospital


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Swine Flu , Hog Flu , Pig Flu

  • It is a strain of influenza family of viruses and the sub type is influenza A.It is also known as H1N1.

  • Swine influenza is very common throughout pig population in the world.

  • People with regular exposure to Pigs are at an increased risk of contracting the infection.

  • The meat of an infected animal poses NO RISK of infection when properly cooked.


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History

  • The first swine Flu was detected in 1918 pandemic.

  • The H1N1 form of Swine Flu is one of the desendents that caused the 1918 pandemic.

  • In the pandemic about 50 million people were killed world wide.

  • 1976 outbreak in US.

  • 2007 outbreak in Philippines in swine.

  • 2009 outbreak in Humans.


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Signs and Symptoms

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Sore Throat

  • Body ache

  • Head ache

  • Chills

  • Fatigue

  • Diarrhea

  • Vomiting


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  • The most common causes of death

  • 1. Respiratory failure

  • 2. Pneumonia

  • 3. High Fever

  • 4. Dehydration


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  • Deaths are more common in Immuno- compromised host

  • In asthmatics

  • In COPD

  • In diabetics

  • In HIV patients

  • In cirrhotics

  • In children


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Prevention of Human to Human transmission

  • Spreads from Human to Human through coughing , sneezing and people touching objects with the virus on it.

  • Humans are most contagious in the first 5 days.

  • To prevent :

  • Washing hands with soap and water or using alcohol based hand sanitisers.


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  • Small droplets containing virus can linger on table tops , telephones , door handles , lift buttons.

  • Virus can spread upto a distance of 1 metre by coughing or sneezing.

  • Social distancing.


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  • You can prevent the spread the germs by:

  • Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.

  • Washing your hands often with soap and water especially after you cough or sneeze / can use alcohol based hand sanitisers.

  • Avoiding touching your eyes , nose or mouth.Germs spread this way.

  • Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.

  • Staying home from work if you sick.


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  • WHO has recommended that wearing of masks can reduce the transmission of the influenza virus.

  • Mainly , correct use , regular supplies and proper disposal facility.

  • Specially , individuals who are in close contact with people with flu like symptoms.For example providing care to family members.

  • Using a mask incorrectly however may actually increase the risk of transmission.


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General Advice

  • Following general measures are more important than wearing a mask

  • For individuals who are well :

  • Maintain a distance of atleast one metre who has flu like symptoms.

  • refrain from touching mouth and nose

  • Perform hand hygiene frequently.

  • Reduce the time spent in close contact with the person as much as possible.

  • Reduce time spent in crowded settings.


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  • Improve air flow in your living space by opening windows.

  • For individuals with flu like symptoms:

  • Stay at home and follow health recommendations.

  • Keep distance from healthy individuals of atleast 1 m.

  • Cover your mouth or nose while coughing or sneezing with tissues.Dispose tissues immediately after use or wash the napkin.

  • Clean hands immediately.


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Treatment

  • Two drugs are effective :

  • oseltamivir (Tamiflu) - 75 mg twice daily for 5 days.Should be started within 2 days of the suspected disease.

  • Chemoprophylaxis - 75 mg daily after last known exposure atleast 5 - 7 days.

  • Zanamivir - available as inhaled powder.10 mg twice daily for 5 days.

  • Side effects of Tamiflu : Mild to moderate nausea vomiting.

  • Occasional serious skin reactions , allergic reactions.


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Diagnosis

  • The only way to diagnose it is to give your blood samples at Kasturba hospital .

  • A throat swab is taken , fasting not required and the report is got after 48 hours.

  • Actually the samples are sent National Institute of Virology , Pune for testing H1N1.

  • Incase positive , Tamiflu is to be started immediately.


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Thermal Scan

No Vaccine against H1N1 available so far.


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Thank You


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