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Newsml l.jpg

-

Background

-

NewsML


What are the business issues l.jpg

AVI, AU, WAV etc.

GIF, JPEG, NSK-TIFF etc

DOC, HTML etc.

MPEG etc.

JPEG, GIF etc.

what are the business issues?

  • assemble different formats

  • integrate different sources

  • track various versions

Publisher

  • optimise manipulation by machines

  • package for various devices and delivery channels


Emergence of xml l.jpg
Emergence of XML

  • eXtensible Markup Language

  • Key data interchange standard for the Web

  • Separate content from the information about the content

  • Structured definition, understood by machines


Newsml an xml language for the news industry l.jpg
NewsML: an XML language for the News Industry

  • a common way of describing and publishing the content

  • various formats at source

  • various platforms at the end

  • flexibility to build packages of content

  • integration of feeds with machines


Newsml metadata l.jpg
NewsML metadata

  • structured information

  • understood by applications

  • some is displayed to humans (e.g. Headlines)

  • can be extended beyond initial categories

  • defined by its usage / its function:

descriptive:

  • Language,

  • Genre,

  • Context,

  • Mention,

  • Relates to,

  • Of interest to

administrative:

  • Publisher,

  • Creator,

  • Source,

  • Contributor,

  • History

rights :

  • Ownership,

  • Usage rights


Past and future of newsml l.jpg
Past and future of NewsML

Oct 2000

IPTC general meeting

July 2000

IPTC accepts NewsML version 1.0 beta

2000

IPTC forms steering and working groups to develop functional specifications and DTD for NewsML

1999

1998

Reuters submits Requirements specifications for NewsML to the IPTC

Discussions start in Reuters - Jo Rabin publishes NewsML internally


Newsml8 l.jpg

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The view of the publisher

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NewsML


Evolution of a text document l.jpg
Evolution of a text document

  • Additions

  • Revisions

  • Corrections

  • Translation or equivalent in other languages

The mayor of a Japanese island hit by a series of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes urged most of its remaining residents Thursday to leave, although he stopped short of issuing an all-out evacuation. - Aug 31 6:55 AM ET

Japanese authorities on Friday ordered the evacuation of all remaining residents on a small island south of Tokyo after experts warned that its volcano looked set for another major eruption. - Sep 01 2:05 AM ET

The complete evacuation of a volcano-struck island south of Tokyo started Saturday as experts warned of a possible cataclysmic eruption. - Sep 02 5:31 AM ET


The various angles of a story l.jpg

Multiple formats

Multiple revisions

Story evolved over time

International and Local audiences (Germany, France)

The various angles of a story

Concorde crash

French investigators released August 31, 2000 a preliminary report including a picture of a metal strip, probably from another plane, which was found on the runway at Paris' Roissy airport following the horrific crash of an Air France Concorde jet in July. (Reuters) Sep 01 9:11 PM ET


Slide11 l.jpg
Text

  • Language: English

  • Context: Crash

  • Relates to: Air France

  • Descriptive

Concorde crash

French investigators released August 31, 2000 a preliminary report including a picture of a metal strip, probably from another plane, which was found on the runway at Paris' Roissy airport following the horrific crash of an Air France Concorde jet in July. (Reuters) Sep 01 9:11 PM ET

  • Publisher: Reuters

  • Administrative

  • © Reuters

  • no redistribution

    Rights

  • Text

    Type

  • Size: 1kb

    Physical

  • Headline: Concorde Preliminary report released

    Human Readable


Video l.jpg
Video

  • Language: German

  • Context: Crash

  • Relates to: Air France

  • Descriptive

Concorde crash

  • Publisher: Reuters

  • Administrative

  • © Reuters

  • no redistribution

    Rights

  • Video

    Type

  • Size: 300kb Duration: 15 seconds

    Physical

  • Headline: Piece of metal perforated fuel tank

    Human Readable


Picture l.jpg
Picture

  • Context: Crash

  • Relates to: Air France

  • Descriptive

Concorde crash

  • Publisher: Reuters

  • Administrative

  • © Reuters

  • no redistribution

    Rights

  • Picture

    Type

  • Size: 23kb Width: 36mm

  • Height: 24mm Resolution: medium

    Physical

  • Headline: Concorde in flames before crash

    Human Readable


Graphics l.jpg
Graphics

Content Item

  • Language: English

  • Context: Crash

  • Relates to: Air France

  • Descriptive

Concorde crash

  • Publisher: Reuters

  • Administrative

  • © Reuters

  • no redistribution

    Rights

  • Graphics

    Type

  • Size: 134kb Width: 36mm

  • Height: 24mm Color: 256

    Physical

  • Headline: key facts of Concorde crash

    Human Readable


Information about the content l.jpg

Content Item is the actual information.

NewsComponent adds information about the ContentItem

NewsItems are the published package

Information about the content

NewsItem

NewsComponent

Content Item


Generic case structured content about the content l.jpg

The structure optimises bandwidth for large files.

Content items can point to the file locations

Publishers can specify their own vocabularies

Generic case: structured content about the content

NewsItem

NewsComponent

Content Item

(actual file)

or

(pointer to the file)

  • Language,

  • Genre,

  • Context,

  • Mention,

  • Relates to,

  • Of interest to

  • Descriptive metadata

  • Publisher,

  • Creator,

  • Source,

  • Contributor,

  • History

  • Administrative metadata

  • Ownership,

  • Usage rights

    Rights metadata

  • Mediatype

    Type metadata

  • Size Duration Width

  • Height Resolution Color

  • Streaming Physical metadata

  • HeadLines ByLines Keywords

    SlugLinesNewsLines


Benefits applications can handle all media l.jpg

Selection Criteria:

Selection Criteria:

Gonesse, France

Gonesse, France

Air France

Air France

August 2000

August 2000

©Reuters

©Reuters

Media type: ANY

Media type: ANY

File size : < 1Mb

File size : < 1Mb

Language: ANY

Language: GERMAN

Context: Crash

Context: Crash

Results

Results

French investigators released August 31, 2000 a preliminary report including a picture of a metal strip, probably from another plane, which was found on the runway at Paris' Roissy airport following the horrific crash of an Air France Concorde jet in July. (Reuters) Sep 01 9:11 PM ET

Benefits: Applications can handle all media


Newsml18 l.jpg

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Packaging information

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NewsML



Benefits publish to all platforms l.jpg
Benefits: publish to all platforms

A standard language, compatible with various delivery channels

content packages can be adapted and re-used for different purposes


Newsml a structure applicable to any content l.jpg
NewsML: a structure applicable to any content

  • NSK-TIFF:

    • Actual picture is considered as Content Item

    • NSK-TIFF tags are mapped with categories of Metadata in NewsML

  • Compatibility with various character sets

    • UTF-8, UTF-16, etc.

    • If needed, c-data can be used to specify any character set

  • Compatibility with other Markups

    • ASCII, XBRL, IRML, etc.


Newsml22 l.jpg

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Conclusion

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NewsML


Newsml a flexible structure a powerful tool l.jpg
NewsML: a flexible structure, a powerful tool

  • Search:

    • more options, with an increased number of criteria

    • better results, with the structure of the content

  • Navigate

    • suggest links, based on context of navigation

    • navigate from one device to another one

  • Deliver and personalise

    • provide right content to the right audience at the right time

    • filter content and provide a wide range of services


Slide24 l.jpg

NewsML

www.iptc.org


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