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US History Objective 9.01. Post WWI. Rise in Nativism (prejudice against foreign-born) Rise in Isolationism (pull away from involvement in foreign affairs). Reasons. Fear of Communism Communism- economic and political system where one party dominates and controls economy In US

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post wwi
Post WWI
  • Rise in Nativism (prejudice against foreign-born)
  • Rise in Isolationism (pull away from involvement in foreign affairs)
reasons
Reasons
  • Fear of Communism
    • Communism- economic and political system where one party dominates and controls economy
    • In US
      • Red Scare- fear that Communism would spread to America
      • Communist Party formed- many workers joined
palmer raids
Palmer Raids
  • US Government (Palmer and J. Edgar Hoover)
    • Invade private homes and offices
    • Jail suspects without allowing them counsel
    • Deport foreign born Communists
    • Goal- hunt down and get rid of suspected Communists
palmer raids1
Palmer Raids

After a Palmer Raid

Palmer Raid Cartoon

US Attorney General Palmer

sacco and vanzetti case
Sacco and Vanzetti Case
  • Sacco and Vanzetti- two Italian born immigrants
  • Arrested and charged with robbery and murder
  • During trial- they provided alibis, evidence was circumstantial and judge made prejudicial remarks
  • Sacco and Vanzetti found guilty and put to death
sacco and vanzetti
Sacco and Vanzetti

Vanzetti and Sacco

Protest rally after the case

nativism
Nativism
  • Limits on Immigration
    • Quota system- set limits on how many people could enter US from each country
    • Emergency Quota Act of 1921
      • Limited European immigration
      • Prohibited Japanese immigration
rise of kkk

Ad for movie about the Klan- make $60 million

Rise of KKK
  • 1924- Klan membership reached 4.5 million
  • Klan beliefs
    • Keep blacks “in their place”
    • Destroy saloons
    • Oppose Unions
    • Drive Roman Catholics, Jews and foreign-born people from US

Ad for a Klan lecture

labor unrest
Labor Unrest
  • Strikes attributed to Communism- create a negative view of labor unions
    • Boston Police Strike- 1919 police strike over pay raise, strike put down and government a hero
      • Link workers to Communism
    • Steel Mill Strike- 1919 workers strike for shorter hours and better pay
      • Workers linked to Communism
      • Public views putting strike down as a good thing- prevent spread of Communism
    • Coal Miners Strike- 1920 mine workers want better pay, shorter hours
      • End with workers getting 27% pay raise but not shorter hours
ad