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C. RUSSIAN. L. T. U. R. E. SUNIL PATEL Roll NO. 47. INDEX. History Culture Demography Population GDP Global Business Import/Export Natural Resource Sustainable Business. About Russia. Capital – Moscow Currency – Russian Ruble ( € 1 = 35.4 Rubles)

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

C

RUSSIAN

L

T

U

R

E

SUNIL PATEL

Roll NO. 47

index
INDEX
  • History
  • Culture
  • Demography
  • Population
  • GDP
  • Global Business
  • Import/Export
  • Natural Resource
  • Sustainable Business
about russia
About Russia
  • Capital – Moscow
  • Currency – Russian Ruble (€ 1 = 35.4 Rubles)
  • Official Language – Russian
  • Primarily Spoken in – Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus
  • Total Speaker - 164 Million
  • Religion – Christianity
  • Contribution - Music, Sports, Science, Technology & Arts
  • Largest area – 17,075 (‘000 sq. Km)
history
History
  • The history of Russia is a history of wars, migrations of nations, occupations, takeovers and revolutions, just like any other.
  • The history of Russia can be broken down into 4 categories
    • Early Russia (Center of the Slavic territory)
    • Czarist Russia (Czar Ivan III known as “ Ivan the Great”)
    • Communist Russia ( 922 – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
    • Russia after 1991 (Mikhail Gorbachev took power & helped the soviet economy to move towards democracy)

Mikhail Gorbachev

Boris Yeltsin

Alexander Putin

culture
Culture
  • 75% of population leave in European Russia
  • One of the most populous country in the world with 150 different ethnic groups leads to lots of ethnic conflict
  • Each ethnic groups have its own distinctive language & culture
  • Some of the groups have a Christian heritage, while others are Islamic, Buddhist or Jewish
  • New year day is the most festive non-religious day
  • Many people have left the rural areas for the city
  • Russian’s urban & city areas are largely built by stones or concrete building and wide streets
  • ¾ Russian people leave in cities
  • 80% of people are slavs
  • Moscow & St. Petersburg have many beautiful museums exhibiting Russian treasures
  • Russians enjoy all kinds of literature, including folktales called “Skazki”
  • Russian orthodoxy was responsible for a Slavic alphabet called “Cyrillic”
demography
Demography
  • World’s largest country
  • Located on two continent – Europe & Asia
  • Gigantic climate & harsh climates make transportation difficult
  • High, Rugged Caucasus Mountains are south of European Russia
  • Siberia takes up a large part of the land that crosses northern and Central Russia into Asia
  • Russia touches many inland bodies of water such as Back sea, Caspian Sea & Lake Baikal (world’s deepest fresh water lake)
  • Volga river is the longest river in Europe, carries almost ½ of Russian river traffic and provides water for irrigation & hydroelectric power
population
Population

Population -144.7 Mln

Urban population - 72.9%

Below poverty line - 15.8%

Unemployment - 5.9%

Labour Force - Agriculture 10.8%

Industry 21.9%

Services 60.1%

global business
Global Business

with foreign countries which are not the members of the CIS* in billion US dollars ($)

*CIS Countries - 12 Former USSR Republics: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Uzbekistan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan

Sources: Official Russian State Customs Committee Statistics, 1994-2007; "Foreign Trade Change of Time", Moscow, 1996

import export
Import-Export
  • Russia mainly exports:
      • Gas, crude oil and other mineral products - 65.7%
      • Metals, precious stones and articles - 16.4%.
      • Machinery, equipment and transport means - 5.8%.
  • Russia mainly imports:
      • Machinery, equipment and transport means - 47.7%.
      • Chemical products, rubber - 15.8%.
      • Foodstuffs and agricultural raw materials (excluding textile) - 15.7%
import export1
Import-Export %

* trade with foreign countries which are not members of the CIS

natural resources
Natural Resources
  • Oil & Gas (Untapped reserves)
  • Coal reserves
  • Minerals (leading exporter)
  • Gold
  • Fuel
  • Fishing industry (World 4th largest)
  • Other Minerals
substantial business
Substantial Business
  • Russian Defense Industry
      • Employs 2.5 – 3 million people
      • World second largest of arm mfg.
      • Sukhoi & MiG fighters planes
  • Regrowth in Electronic
  • Telecommunication Industry
  • Agricultural Production
  • Information Technology
      • Intel, Sun Microsystem, Motorola, Nortel
  • Research & Development center
  • Nanotechnology
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