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The Road to Windows 7. Jennelle Crothers. Who I Am Microsoft MVP for Windows Desktop Experience MCITP: Enterprise Administrator & MCITP: Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7 Involved with PacITPros user group in San Francisco Blog: www.techbunny.com Twitter @jkc137 Who I Am Not

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Jennelle crothers
Jennelle Crothers

  • Who I Am

    • Microsoft MVP for Windows Desktop Experience

    • MCITP: Enterprise Administrator & MCITP: Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7

    • Involved with PacITPros user group in San Francisco

    • Blog: www.techbunny.com

    • Twitter @jkc137

  • Who I Am Not

    • I am not amazing at Power Point.

    • I do not talk slowly.


Disclaimer
Disclaimer

I can’t tell YOU how to deploy

Windows 7

in YOUR enterprise.

But I can tell you about tools,

where to find them

and how they might fit your needs.


On the agenda
On The Agenda

  • Good tools for any deployment effort

    • Microsoft Assessment & Planning (MAP)

    • Automated Installation Kit (AIK)

  • Deployment Strategies

    • High-Touchvs. Lite-Touch

    • Additional deployment tools (MDT, USMT, WDS)

  • Surviving Application Compatibility Issues

    • Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT)

    • Some MDOP Tools (MED-V, App-V)

  • Other useful tools

    • Asset Inventory Service (AIS)


Windows 7 touches everything
Windows 7 Touches Everything

Applications

Data & User Settings

Hardware

Operating System

However, there are tools to reduce the amount of time you’ll have to spend touching computers during and after deployment.


Windows 7 deployment enhancements
Windows 7 Deployment Enhancements

IMAGING

DELIVERY

MIGRATION

SOLUTIONS

Deployment Image Servicing and Management

Add/Remove Drivers and Packages

WIM and VHD Image Management

Windows Deployment Services

Multicast

Multiple Stream Transfer

Dynamic Driver Provisioning

User State Migration Tool

Hard-link Migration

Offline File Gather

Improved user file detection

Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

Application Compatibility Toolkit

Microsoft Assessment and Planning

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Microsoft assessment and planning toolkit
Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit

  • Agent-less

  • Discovers computers using AD, scanning IP ranges, with Windows networking protocols or with manual lists of computer names.

  • Inventories using WMI, Remote Registry service and VmwareWebservice.

  • Uses a non-default instance of SQL Server 2008 Express to store information.

  • Install on Windows 7, Windows Vista, Server 2003 R2 and higher.


Map assessments and wizards
MAP Assessments and Wizards

Assessments

Wizards

  • Windows Vista Hardware Assessment

  • 2007 Office Assessment

  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Readiness

  • MS SQL Server Discovery

  • Windows Server Role Discovery

  • Windows Server 2008 Readiness

  • Virtual Machine Inventory

  • Security Assessment

  • Windows 7 Readiness

  • Power Saving Assessment

  • Application Virtualization Assessment

  • Performance Metrics Wizard

  • Server Virtualization Wizard

  • Hardware Library Configuration Wizard

  • Prepare New Reports and Proposals Wizard

  • Inventory and Assessment Wizard


Key assessment tools for deployments
Key Assessment Tools for Deployments

  • Windows 7 Readiness – indicates which computers can support Windows 7 and suggests any necessary hardware upgrades. Generates a report and a proposal.

  • Power Saving Assessment – describes power savings you can realize by migrating to Windows 7

  • App-V Assessment – identifies applications and computers capable of supporting an App-V environment.

  • Inventory and Assessment Wizard – gather info about client computers



Automated installation kit aik 2 0
Automated Installation Kit (AIK 2.0)

  • Installed the kit on any computer running Windows Vista, Windows 7 or Server 2003.

  • Supports file-based disk imaging

  • Includes tools to create:

    • answer files (Windows System Image Manager)

    • Windows PE boot disk

    • master image from reference installation (ImageX)

  • User State Migration Tool 4.0 is also included in the package.


Deployment strategies
Deployment Strategies

  • High-Touch with Retail Media

    • Hands-on, very manual, less than 100 computers

  • High-Touch with Standard Image

    • Uses customized images, 100-200 computers

  • Lite-Touch, High-Volume

    • Interaction only at the start of process, 200-500 computers

  • Zero-Touch, High-Volume

    • No interaction, fully automated, 500 or more computers


Where the deployment tools fit
Where the Deployment Tools Fit

Suggested tools from Microsoft’s “Choosing a Deployment Strategy” whitepaper.


Start easy hardware
Start Easy: Hardware

Will your hardware run Windows 7?

And how do you find out?

  • Visit every computer and take a inventory.

  • Use your pre-existing inventory management software.

  • Use the Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkit (MAP)


Refresh or replace
Refresh or Replace?

  • Refreshing - “wipe and install”, use the same hardware and just reinstall the OS, applications and user settings.

  • Replacing – providing a new computer and copying user data and settings to the new machine.

  • Bare Metal – no user settings, just a new installation


Capturing user data settings
Capturing User Data & Settings

  • Windows Easy Transfer (WET)

    • Included with Windows 7

    • Also downloadable from Microsoft

    • Can be used on Windows XP or Vista

  • User State Migration Tool 4.0

    • More robust and customizable then WET

    • Included in the AIK 2.0


User state migration tool 4 0
User State Migration Tool 4.0

  • Hard-link Migration

    • Enables local file migration without copying or moving files

    • Processes migration jobs in third of the time or less

  • Offline User State Capture

    • Capture during Windows PE phase to improve speed

  • Volume Shadow Copy support

    • Migrates in-use files

  • Improved file detection

    • Uses dynamic algorithms to discover user documents.


Installing the operating system
Installing the Operating System

  • Automated Installation Kit (AIK 2.0)

    • SIM, ImageX tools, Windows PE, etc.

  • Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT)

    • Solutions Accelerator

    • Extends the AIK tools to include a deployment share for lite-touch or zero-touch deployments.

  • Windows Deployment Service


Windows deployment services
Windows Deployment Services

  • Great for applying the same image to a bunch of computers with an answer file

  • Can inject some drivers, but doesn’t deploy applications outside of those installed on the image.

  • Multicast is improved with Windows 7, so you can deploy images faster.

  • WDS is a server 2008 Role and needs AD, DNS and DHCP to function.

  • Using WDS in conjunction with MDT extends it’s capabilities.


Multicast
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

First client joins “transmission”

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast1
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Waiting for other clients to join…

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast2
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Transmission begins…

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium

  • Fastest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast3
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Additional clients join stream

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium

  • Slowest

  • Medium

  • Fastest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast4
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

More clients to join

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Fastest

  • Fastest

  • Medium

  • Medium

  • Medium

  • Slowest

  • Medium

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast5
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

First clients complete. Second broad-cast begins. One client removed.

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium

  • Medium

  • Medium

  • Slowest

  • Medium

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast6
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Last clients complete…

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium

  • Medium

  • Slowest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Multicast7
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

All clients complete.

Transmission ends.

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent


Microsoft deployment toolkit
Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

  • Supports deployment of Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1, Windows 7, Server 2003 R2, Server 2008 and Server 2008 R2.

  • Used in the Lite-Touch and Zero-Touch deployment models.

  • Includes a Deployment Workbench and Task Sequencer, which guides you through creating a deployment share for the operating system images, language packs, applications, device drivers, and other software deployed to the target computers.

  • Work in conjunction with the AIK 2.0

  • Helps support thinner images.


Mdt deployment process overview
MDT – Deployment Process Overview

From the “Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit” whitepaper.


How many images do you need
How Many Images do you Need?

  • One for each version of the Windows OS

  • One for each edition of the OS

  • One for each processor type (32 or 64-bit)

  • One for each HAL type if deploying Windows XP or Server 2003.

    • For Vista or later, the HAL is determined dynamically at start up.

  • One for each localized language type for Windows XP or Server 2003.

    • For Vista or later, the core OS is language neutral and you can add language packs.


Where the deployment tools fit1
Where the Deployment Tools Fit

Suggested tools from Microsoft’s “Choosing a Deployment Strategy” whitepaper.


Where the deployment tools fit2
Where the Deployment Tools Fit

Suggested tools from Microsoft’s “Choosing a Deployment Strategy” whitepaper.


What about those applications
What about those Applications?

Starting with your list of applications, start sorting them out into buckets.

  • Applications that will run fine on Windows 7 as is.

  • Applications that have a Windows 7 compatible version you can upgrade to.

  • Applications that don’t run on Windows 7.

    How do we figure out which categories those applications fall into?


Windows7 builds on vista
Windows7 Builds on Vista

  • If your application works on Vista, it will probably work on Windows 7.

  • If your application doesn’t work on Vista. It won’t work on Windows 7.

  • Few Changes: Most software that runs on Windows Vista will run on Windows 7 - exceptions will be low level code (AV, Firewall, Imaging, etc). Hardware that runs Windows Vista well will run Windows 7 well.

Few Changes: Focus on quality and reliability improvements

Deep Changes: New models for security, drivers, deployment, and networking


Some common compatibility problems
Some Common Compatibility Problems

  • User Account Control (UAC)

    • Limits the context in which processes run

    • Restricts users to Standard Users

  • Windows Resource Protection

    • Creates a temporary work area and redirects write action for applications.

  • IE Protected Mode

    • Defends against elevation-of-privilege attacks by only allowing write operations to the temporary internet files.

  • Operating System Versions

    • The OS version number changes with each release. (Vista is 6, Windows 7 is 6.1.)


Application compatibility toolkit
Application Compatibility Toolkit

  • Provides tools to inventory applications, hardware and devices in the production environment

  • Synchronizes collected inventory with current application and hardware compatibility data from Microsoft and the ACT community.

  • Includes tools to test and repair individual applications.

  • Reduces the cost and time involved in resolving application compatibility issues

  • Helps you determine how a Windows Update will impact your applications



Installing the applications
Installing the Applications

The “Easy” Applications

The “Not So Easy” Ones

  • Include in Operating System Image (thick) or deployment process (thin).

  • Group Policy Deployments

  • System Center Configuration Manager or other 3rd-party software.

  • Shims

  • MED-V

  • App-V

  • RDS


Compatibility fixes aka shims
Compatibility Fixesaka “Shims”

  • Also known as compatibility fixes, they are flexible tools used to address issues.

  • Can not be used to bypass Windows security directly, but you can use them to loosen ACLs on a directory, redirect file access or feed alternate information to an application, etc.

  • Only run in user-mode, so they can’t be used to correct kernel-mode issues, like with device drivers.

  • The Application Compatibility Tool kit can help with this type of solution, but in general, a high level of expertise required to create compatibility fixes.

  • Some are documented on TechNet and included with the Compatibility Manager within the ACT.


When should i consider med v the challenge of upgrading to a new operating system
When Should I Consider MED-V?The challenge of upgrading to a new operating system

First upgrade – then migrate!

Test

  • Migrate

Upgrade

Test compatibility of all applications with the new OS

Migrate or replace incompatible applications

Upgrade the organization to the new OS


How med v relates to windows xp mode
How MED-V Relates to Windows XP Mode

Windows Virtual PC (“XP Mode”) Provides the Ease of Use for End Users

  • A preconfigured virtual Windows XP SP3 (32bit) environment

  • Easy to install your applications on Windows XP and run from Windows 7 desktop

  • Well integrated into Windows 7

  • Designed for small businesses and consumers

MED-V – Application-OS compatibility for the Enterprise

  • Deploy virtual Windows XP images and customize per user

  • Provision and define applications and websites to users

  • Control Virtual PC settings

  • Maintain and Support endpoints through monitoring and troubleshooting

  • MED-V will not require PCs to have hardware assisted virtualization (e.g. Intel VT, AMD-V)


Will app v help me get to windows 7
Will App-V Help me Get to Windows 7?

  • Applications are packaged and delivered to the desktop on demand

  • Streamed bits are cached locally on the client and use the resources on the client directly.

  • Managed applications are easier to patch, upgrade and deploy.

  • Helps control the entire lifecycle of your application.

  • Applications must be able to run natively on the destination OS in order to work on that OS via App-V.

  • Decouples applications from the OS to reduce conflicts – ex: multiple versions of Office.


Med v vs app v
MED-V vs. App-V

What it is good for

What it does

What it is good for

What it does

  • Creates a package of a single application

  • Isolates from all other applications

  • Resolve conflicts between applications, and reduces testing

  • Simplify application delivery (removes install)

  • Resolve incompatibility between applications and a new OS

  • Run two environments on a single PC

  • Creates a package with a full instance of Windows

Applications

Operating System

Hardware

®


Terminal services or remote desktop services
Terminal Services orRemote Desktop Services

  • Well known technology.

  • TS on Server 2003 with 3rd party add-ons (like Citrix) can allow you to continue to serve legacy applications to users.

  • TS on Server 2008 with RemoteApp can support applications that run on Vista and provide the a more “seamless” experience.

  • RDS on Server 2008 R2 with RemoteApp will support Windows 7 applications and meets a different set of needs than App-V.


Keeping track of applications with asset inventory service ais
Keeping Track of Applicationswith Asset Inventory Service (AIS)

  • AIS consists of two parts:

    • A Web-based service, onto which Desktop Optimization Pack subscribers can log to view inventories of software installed on client computers in their enterprises.

    • Client software that communicates with the Web-based service and supplies it with an inventory of programs that are installed on each client computer.

  • Supports XP, Vista and Windows 7 clients as well as Server 2003 and Server 2008.


Some tools are part of the mdop subscription
Some tools are part of the MDOP subscription

  • Translating software inventory into business intelligence

  • Enhancing group policy through change management

  • Dynamically streaming software as a centrally managed service

  • Proactively managing application and operating system failures

  • Powerful tools to accelerate desktop repair

  • Simplifying deployment and management of Virtual PCs


Online resources
Online Resources

  • “Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit.docx”

  • Solution Accelerators - http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/default.aspx

  • Microsoft Springboard – www.microsoft.com/springboard

  • Application Compatibility for Windows 7 - http://technet.microsoft.com/appcompat


Questions
Questions?

?

? ?

Jennelle Crothers

www.techbunny.com

[email protected]

Twitter: @jkc137


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