Western American Museum
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Western American Museum. Elevators. Its just, I don't think it's many girls' dream to be a receptionist. Go - Back. Go - Back.

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Western american museum

Western American Museum


Western american museum

Elevators

Its just, I don't think it's many girls' dream to be a receptionist..


Western american museum

Go - Back


Western american museum

Go - Back

Blah… Blah blahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblah…….. blah blahblahblahblahblahblahblahblah……….. blah blahblahblahblahblah……….. blah blahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblah……………………… blah blahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblahblah. Blah blahblahblahblahblah……… blah blahblahblahblahblahblahblahblah


Western american museum

Back

Up


Western american museum

Ground

First Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor


Western american museum

To Hallway

Up

Down


Western american museum

To Hallway

Up

Down


Western american museum

To Hallway

Down


Transportation to the gold rush

Transportation To the Gold Rush

To get to the California Gold Rush there was three main methods

As shown some people took a ship all the way around South America

Others went west via wagon trains (you may want to reference the trails section)

A third and less used method was to tale donkeys through the marshy areas in South America


Mexican cession

Mexican Cession

The United States government declared that the southern border of Texas would be the Rio Grande. The U.S. Calvary ignored a warning from the Mexican army. Fighting broke out and three weeks later congress declared war on Mexico. Fighting continued to around September 1847. In February 1848 the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo was signed. The treaty recognized Texas as a US state and the US received a large chunk of land for 15 million That land later became California, Nevada, and Utah, parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.


Louisiana territory

Louisiana Territory

In 1803, President Jefferson bought Louisiana from France for 15 million dollars.

The purchase included any area that drained into the Mississippi River from the West.

One issue to the Louisiana Purchase for the Americans was the U.S lacked money. Their solution was to borrow money from Britain.

The British were anxious to see Louisiana occupied by a weak United States rather than Napoleon’s powerful army, so they offered the large sum to the US at 6% interest.


Transactions

Transactions

At the beginning, Jefferson offered Napoleon $2 million for a small tract of land on the lower Mississippi. Jefferson, who was impatient at the lack of news, sent James Monroe to Paris to offer $10 million for New Orleans and West Florida. At the same time, France had offered all of Louisiana to Livingston for $15 million.


Texas annexation

Texas Annexation

  • Texas Annexation of 1845 was the annexation of the Republic of Texas to the United Sates as the 28th state. This act quickly led to the Mexican-American war (1846-48).

  • Because Texas was part of Mexico (or so they thought), the Mexican people were not happy about this (the annexation). According to Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, action was needed.

  • At the time of the cession, Mexico exercised little control over this area, and it contained less than 1% of the country’s population.

  • Nobody was aware that eventually gold, silver and other minerals would be found here.

  • The Americans wanted to expand while the Mexicans wanted to keep what they thought was their land.

  • The US desired to expand across the North American continent. This caused conflict between many of the neighbors, including Mexico. This is a large reason for the Mexican-American war.


Mexican american war

Mexican-American War

  • The U.S.-Mexican War began on April 25, 1846. The initial battles of the war took place on Texas soil. (Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma)

  • All subsequent battles took place in Mexico, California, and New Mexico.

  • The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war, and is still enforced today.

  • It fixed Rio Grande as the boundary of Texas, and required Mexico to cede to the U.S., in return for $15 million, all the territory that today make up the states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.(Mexican Cession)

  • The war received enthusiastic support in all sections of the United States.

  • It was fought almost entirely by volunteers.

  • The total casualties for U.S. reached 35-40% if later injury and disease related deaths are added.

  • In this respect, the war was the most disastrous in American military history.


Gadsden purchase

Gadsden Purchase

  • James Gadsden negotiated the purchase. Santa Anna was the Mexican who than sold the land after the Mexican American war. The U.S. senate ratified the purchase of James Gadsen to a narrow margin.

  • The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican American war which made the U.S. want the Gadsden purchase. They needed to have a south route for the transcontinental railroad. They had to swing down into the Gadsden purchase area to complete the railroad.

  • The Gadsden Purchase is a 29,670 square mile region of southern Arizona, and south western New Mexico. The treaty of La Mesilla also known as the Gadsden purchase finally clarified international boundaries. A strip of land was purchased in 1853 by the U.S. from Mexico. This strip of land was purchased for $10 million


The california trail

The California Trail

  • Who: Early settlers began to use the trail in the 1840's, the first of which was John Bidwell, who led the 1841 Bidwell-Bartleson Party. The people who travelled it were ravenous for gold found in California.

  • What: The California Trail took more than 250,000 gold-seekers and farmers to the gold fields and farmlands of California during the 1840s and 1850s. This was the greatest mass migration in American history. Everyone in the country wanted in on the gold.

  • Where: The general route began at various points along the Missouri River and stretched to various points in California, Oregon, and the Sierra Nevada.

  • When: The 1840’s to the 1850’s

  • Why: There was pandemonium; the country had gold fever. Everyone was fleeing to the west for the very rare and valued gold. The California Trail guided them across the country.


The oregon trail

THE OREGON TRAIL

  • Stretched about 2000 miles

  • First used by fur traders and missionaries

  • Journey took about 6 months

  • About 1000 settlers joined the “great migration”

  • The “great migration” was led by Marcus Whitman

  • In 1847 thousands of Mormons followed a route later called the “Mormon Trail”

  • The “Mormon Trail” frequently coincided with the Wyoming and Oregon Trail.

  • Used primarily from the 1840s through the 1870s to reach Oregon territory

  • Ran southwest to Fort Bridger

  • The creation of the transcontinental railroad made it less popular


The mormon trail

THE MORMON TRAIL

  • Led by Brigham Young

  • About 70,000 Mormons traveled along the Mormon trail from 1846 to 1869

  • They did this to escape religious persecution

  • The trail was about 1300 miles long

  • The average distance traveled per day was 8 ½ miles

  • The pioneer party spent about 120 days on the trail overall

  • Started at Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah

  • The governor of Missouri said “Mormons must be treated as enemies, must be exterminated, or driven from the state, if necessary for public peace.”


California gold rush

CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH

  • The California Gold Rush began in 1849 in Sacramento California

  • They discovered gold nuggets

  • They traveled by land or sea to arrive, using trails (such as Oregon or Santa Fe)

  • The population increased 10 fold

  • The gold rush peaked in 1852

  • The first gold was discovered in Sutter’s Mill by James Marshall

  • The mines earned 81 million in 1852, after that it deceased by half

  • California became the thirty first state because of this

  • It became a bustling city in San Francisco, an economic hub for the west

  • The cost of living rose exponentially due to the gold rush


Santa fe trail

SANTA FE TRAIL

  • Between 1821 and 1880, the Santa Fe Trail was mostly a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. From 1821 until 1846, it was an international commercial highway used by Mexican and American traders. This trail was 900 miles long.

  • The army of the west used this road to invade New Mexico.

  • When the treaty of Guadalupe ended the war in 1848 the santé fe trail became a national road. connecting the United States to the new southwest territories.

  • The trail was also used by thousands of gold seekers in California and Colorado, adventurers, fur trappers, and emigrants.

  • In 1880 the Sante Fe trail disappeared into history because of the invention of the rail road.

  • This trail led through hot deserts and rough mountains.

  • Traders made a lot of money while on this trail.

  • One trader reported that his cargo had a 2000 percent profit.


Slavery in the territories

Slavery in the Territories

  • Slaveholders thought that banning slaves in their territories was discrimination against their peculiar form of property.

  • The slavery territories was also called the Omnibus Bill

  • It made a compromise to settle the issue between the north and the south and their differences between slavery

  • Slave territories were formed

  • This all resulted in a war in Mexico

  • They thought slave owners went to Mexico with slavery

  • Slave owners went to Texas because of rich soil for cotton and crops for slaves to plant.

  • There were 5000 slaves in Texas in 1836


Transcontinetal railroad

TRANSCONTINETAL RAILROAD

  • In 1862 The Pacific Railroad act made the Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroad companies build a transcontinental railroad that would join the east and west coasts

  • It took 7 years to build the railroad

  • They started at Sacramento California and Omaha Nebraska

  • They finally met at Promontory Utah on May 10th 1869

  • The big four were the bosses, Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, and Mark Hopkins

  • Struggles during construction…

  • The Union Pacific was attacked by natives constantly, usually fighting back and killing Buffalo as revenge

  • The Central Pacific was faced with the troubles of building 12 tunnels and having to use the dangerous chemical compound of Nitro Glycerin

  • In the end, it stretched 2000 miles to the Missouri River


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