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Warm-up. Part One. ENTER. Warm-up. Contents. I. Warming-up Qs II. Dictation III. Poem Appreciation. Warming-up Qs. Could you imagine a life without the telephone?. When did the telephone come to your life? .

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Part one

Warm-up

Part One

ENTER


Part one

Warm-up

Contents

I. Warming-up Qs

II. Dictation

III. Poem Appreciation


Part one

  • Warming-up Qs

  • Could you imagine a life without the telephone?

  • When did the telephone come to your life?

  • How do you think the telephone relates to you and your life respectively?

The end of Warming-up Qs.


Part one

  • Dictation

Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.

To be continued on the next page.


Dictation

Dictation

Telephone, a Good or a Bad Thing?

  • Since the first telephone was ________by Bell, telephones have been used widely for more than 100 years. With no ____, a telephone is a good thing since it is one of the most rapid and effective means of ___________. It plays an important role in modern society.

  • Firstly, under some ______ circumstances, we must send ________ as soon as possible. A telephone makes us _________ the job in less than one minute. For example, when a

invented

doubt

communication

urgent

messages

complete

To be continued on the next page.


Dictation1

Dictation

  • fire ______ out, we just need to ____ 119, then a fire _________ will arrive without delay. This means saving people’s lives and _________. Secondly, telephone can save people’s time. For example at the time there was no telephone, people had to visit their friends and _____ personally. But now we may be with each other through the phone no ______ how far away we are from one another.

breaks

dial

brigade

properties

folks

matter

To be continued on the next page.


Dictation2

Dictation

  • In a word, the telephone is a highly _______ tool of communication which makes our life much _________. We cannot _______ what the world would be without a telephone.

advanced

convenient

imagine

To end of Dictation


Poem appreciation

Poem Appreciation

  • The Telephone

    Edward Field

    My happiness depends on an electric appliance

    And I do not mind giving it so much credit

    With life in this city being what it is

    Each person separated from friends

    By a tangle of subways and buses

Translation

To be continued on the next page.


Poem appreciation1

Poem Appreciation

Yes, my telephone is my job

It tells me that I am in the world and wanted

It rings and I am alerted to love or gossip

I go comb my hair which begins to sparkle

Without it I was like a bear in a cave

Drowsing through a shadowy winter

To be continued on the next page.


Poem appreciation2

Poem Appreciation

It rings and spring has come

I stretch and amble out into the sunshine

Hungry again as I pick up the receiver

For the human voice and the good news of

friends

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

  • Poem Appreciation

  • 我的快乐取决于一样电器,

  • 我毫不在乎赞赏这小玩意。

  • 在这座现代化的城市里,

  • 纵横交错的地铁和公车线路

  • 把我们每个人与朋友隔离;

  • 确实如此,电话给了我乐趣,

  • 它告诉我,我还在世上,还有用处。

  • 铃声激起我的爱心,或倾诉家常的愿望。

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

  • Poem Appreciation

  • 我会急忙梳头使头发发亮;

  • 没有电话我就像洞穴中的熊罴,

  • 昏昏沉沉地度过幽暗的冬季;

  • 铃声一响就像春天来临,

  • 我就会伸伸懒腰慢慢走进阳光,

  • 当我拿起话筒我又重新盼望

  • 听到人的话语和朋友的佳音。

To end of Poem Appreciation.


Part one

Warm-up

Part One

This is the end of Part One. Please click HOME to visit other parts.


Part one

Part Two

Background Information

ENTER


Part one

Background Information

Contents

I. Author

II. Location

III. Communion


Part one

Background Information

Contents

Ⅰ. Author

Anwar F. Accawi

Teaching Experiences

Works

Comments on Works


Part one

I. Author—Anwar F. Accawi

  • Born in Lebanon in a family whose ancestors are believed to have gone to Jerusalem in the Crusades.

  • While he was living in Lebanon teaching English as a second language at the American University in Beruit, he married an American woman from Tennessee.

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

I. Author—Anwar F. Accawi

  • When the civil war broke out in Lebanon, Anwar F. Accawi and his wife were forced to leave the country and eventually moved to her native city of La Follette, Tennessee, and later settled down in the States.

  • Anwar F. Accawi currently teaches as a full-time instructor at the English Language Institute of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

  • He has lived and taught in the U.S. since 1965.


Part one

I. Author—Teaching Experiences

  • As a teacher of ESL/EFL for thirty-two years.

  • He has taught in the USA and in Lebanon, first at the National Evangelical Institute and then at Sidoon High School, Sidon, Lebanon, and also taught at the American University of Beirut before coming to the University of Tennessee in 1979.

  • He has also trained students planning to become ESL teachers.


Part one

  • Author— Works

Anwar is a published writer whose work has

appeared in books, literary anthologies, reviews,

and college textbooks in the USA and abroad.

  • Bibliography

  • Short Fiction

    "The Camera" in Homeworks(1996)

  • Non-Fiction

    The Boy from the Tower of the Moon(1999)

    (Luminous memoir from a Lebanese village boy)

To be continued on the next page.


Author works

Author— Works

  • With the telephone everything is done. We can get our mail, buy groceries, do research, create websites, and get the latest news. On the Internet, you can learn everything: how to cook, and how to make a bomb. The telephone, for Accawi, was, in fact, a bad news. As for the world as a whole, the telephone brought great technological advances and the world would be a totally different place without it.


I author comments on works

I. Author—Comments on Works

  • Cynthia Ozick selected “The Telephone” for the best American Essays in 1998.

  • Publishers Weekly described the piece as a memorizing and magical account of a boy's childhood, “a loving rendering of the Lebanese village of his childhood, where time was measured not by calendars and clocks, not by events—‘the year of whirlwind during which fish and orange fell from the sky’ and ‘after the big snow that caused the roof on the mayor’s house to cave in’.”

    —December 30, 2002

To be continued on the next page.


I author comments on works1

I. Author—Comments on Works

“If Mark Twain had been born in Magdaluna, Lebanon,

instead of Hannibal, Missouri, his most enchanting

character would have been named not Tom but

Anwar. Here, then, is Anwar Accawi’s Tom Sawyerish

boyhood in an idyll of village life—endearing, simple

yet rich, given countless escapades and delights,

where news and gossip and a sense of civilized

fulfillment flow lavishly and purely, despite the

absence of radio and telephone.

To be continued on the next page.


I author comments on works2

I. Author—Comments on Works

But modernity does come, and so do the

devastations of civil war. All that is left of the old

Magdaluna resides in Anwar Accawi’s memory, and in

this radiant record of a childhood as engaging and

lively as Tom’s.”

—Cynthia Ozick

To be continued on the next page.


I author comments on works3

I. Author—Comments on Works

Comments:

“I cannot think of another book I've read with greater

passion. Anwar F. Accawi possesses the ability to draw

the reader into the mind of a five-year-old boy, and

into the creative way its thinking process helps him

understand the world around him.

To be continued on the next page.


I author comments on works4

I. Author—Comments on Works

At the crossroads of change in the 1940s, the Mount

Lebanon village of Magdaluna has very colorful and

unique characters living at the fringe of what (then)

modern life had to offer. The five year old Anwar

untethers his mind to describe the village, villagers

and their changing way of life.”

The end of Comments on Works.


Location

Location

Magdaluna: a village that lies in the Lebanon Mountains running parallel to the Mediterranean coastline. A narrow plain lies along the Mediterranean coastline. In some places the plain is just wide enough for a road.

Sidon: a city on Lebanon’s southern coast, approximately 25 miles south of Beirut. It is one of the country’s largest ports and one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In 1985, the city had approximately 100,000 residents.

The end of Location.


Communion

Communion

  • What is a Sacrament in the United Church of Christ?

  • Sacraments are ritual actions in worship which, according to Scripture, were instituted by Jesus. In the sacraments of baptism and communion we ask the Holy Spirit to use water, bread, and wine to make visible the grace, forgiveness, and presence of God in Christ.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion origin

Communion—Origin

  • The communion meal recalls the table fellowship Jesus shared with his disciples, and in particular the Last Supper on the night before his death as well as his appearances to the disciples during meals following his resurrection. Throughout its history, these Biblical accounts of Last Supper have been central to the Church's worship life.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion meaning

Communion—Meaning

  • In the sacrament of Holy Communion, also called the Lord's Supper or Eucharist, meaning "thanksgiving", Christians hear, taste, touch and receive the grace of God revealed through Jesus Christ in a unique way.

  • Communion is:

    a joyous act of thanksgiving for all God has done,

    is doing, and will do for the redeeming of creation.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion elements

Communion—Elements

the broken bread and poured wine→the crucified

and risen Christ

the wheat (to bake one loaf) and the grapes (pressed to make wine) → they are one body in Christ

the breaking and pouring→ the costliness of Christ's

sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin

Some churches provide non-alcoholic and gluten-free elements.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion service

Communion—Service

How is Communion served?

  • The pastor presides at the Table, normally assisted by elders or deacons

  • the sharing of a common loaf or bread and the sharing of a common cup or of individual cups either at the Table or in the pews

  • (Intinction) Dipping the bread in the wine is

    also an acceptable practice.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion service1

Communion—Service

How often is Communion served?

  • In the early church Communion was served weekly.

  • Gradually the frequency of Communion decreased in many Protestant churches.

  • Many congregations are moving toward monthly or weekly Communion.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion service2

Communion—Service

Who may receive Communion?

  • In most United Church of Christ churches, the Communion Table is "open to all Christians who wish to know the presence of Christ and to share in the community of God's people" (Book of Worship), even including Christian baptized children and even infants.

To be continued on the next page.


Communion service3

Communion—Service

  • A PRAYER

    Father in heaven, you call us into communion with you and with one another: Bless and strengthen the ties that bind us in the Anglican Communion, that we may be one as you and your Son Jesus are one, through the same Jesus Christ, who with you is the author and unifier of all creation, and who lives and reigns with you, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

The end of Communion


Part one

Part Two

Background Information

This is the end of Part Two. Please click HOME to visit other parts.


Part one

Part Three

Text Appreciation

ENTER


Part one

Text Appreciation

Contents

I. TextTheme

II. Text Structure

III. Text Analysis

IV. Sentence Paraphrase

V. Writing Devices


Part one

Theme of the Text

  • Text Theme

1)The text describes, from a boy’s perspective, how

the telephone affected people’s way of life in a

Lebanese mountain village: It broke the seclusion

of the village.

2)The text raised us a question: what attitude we

should adopt toward new things, whether we

should welcome them or boycott them.

The end of Text Theme.


Part one

Structure of the Text

Ⅱ.Text Structure

  • Part 1 (Paras. ) :

  • Part 2 (Paras. ) :

The author introduced the story by providing background information: very detailed description of the villagers’ way of life before the telephone came.

1—10

11—25

How the telephone was installed, and what changes it brought about in the village.

The end of Text Structure


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Plot of the story

Setting of the story

Protagonist of the story


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

For reference

Plot: The coming of telephone brought some changes

into a small village, both personally and socially.

Setting: social setting: in the early 20th century before

the process of modernization

story setting: in the village in Lebanon

Protagonist: “I”—when the author was young

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Part 1 (Paras. 1—10): village life before

the telephone came

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Para. 1)

Q1:What was the overall picture of the this village before the telephone arrived?What specific details did the narrator give to present this

picture?

A:from its geographical location; (Para. 1)

from the detailed description; (Paras. 1—3)

from the carefully-chosen words

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Paras. 2—7)

Q2: What do you make of the fact that the people in

the village had no calendar and clock and had no

need for them? What kind of society is it that

does not need so much to keep track of the hours,

days, months, and years?

For more reference in the text

A: Not industrialized countryside. Everything is

slow and there is no need to hurry.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Para. 4)

Q3: What can we infer from the fact that the roof of

the mayor’s house caved in under the heavy snow?

A: Snow was usually heavy. It was a good sign

of heavy snow.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Paras. 8—9)

Q4: How did the people there keep track of the

important events in their lives?

A: The important events were always remembered

with time marked by the mentioning of

earthquakes, droughts, floods, locusts, and

pestilences

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Paras. 9—10)

Q5:What interesting things happened the year of the drought which the narrator remembered so vividly as a boy?

A:Arguments escalated into full-blown, knockdown-dragout fights for water.

Boy’s memories reveal anything important?

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Part 1 (Paras. 1—10)

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Q: What impression did you get about the life in the

small village according to the text?

A: The very traditional countryside society.

Q: Retell the normal life in the small village.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Part 2 (Paras. 11—25): changes brought by the telephone

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Para. 11)

Q1:Why did the narrator say that it was one of the worst years for him? What happened?

A:Magdaluna decided to install its own telephone.

Q2: Why does the author introduce the subject of the telephone so late in the article?

Does it indicate poor organization and lack of coherence on the part of the author?

Do you find the decision-making process interesting?

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

(Paras. 12—18)

Q3:Why did the narrator think the telephone installment was a big event?

Find more

examples in the text to demonstrate it.

Well-chosen words to describe people’s reaction

to the telephone installment.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Changes brought by the telephone

(Paras. 19—21): the shifting of the village center as a result of the installation of the telephone

A: The home of Im Kaleem

Her appearance: short, middle-aged, black-haired,

with a loud unpleasant voice

Her character: generous, understanding, sensible

Her role: confessor, good listener, pressure-reliever

and troubleshooter

Q4:Where had the village center been in the past?

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Changes brought by the telephone

(Paras. 19—21): the shifting of the village center as a result of the installation of the telephone

Q5: Where was it now?

A. At Abu Raja’s home where the telephone was installed.

Why? no longer contented with their way of life;

hungry for news from the outside world

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Changes brought by the telephone

(Para. 22)

Q6:What changes happened to the narrator as a

boy? Why?

The coming of the telephone ended his role as

the messenge boy.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Changes brought by the telephone

(Paras. 23—25)

Q7:What other changes took place in the village?

Many people were leaving the village for big cities

or foreign countries to find jobs and better life.

Result:the village reduced to a skeleton of its

former self.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Part. 2 (Paras. 11—25)

Ⅲ.Text Analysis

Q:What was the narrator’s feeling toward the changes?

The end of Text Analysis


Part one

Ⅳ. Sentence Paraphrase 1

Para. 1

… time didn’t mean much to anybody, except maybe to those who were dying.

The villagers didn’t think time was important

until perhaps when they were dying.

go to 2


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 2

Inthose days, there was no real need for a

calendar or a watch to keep track of the hours,

days, months, and years.

Note:

go to 3

  • keep track of: to keep oneself informed about a

  • person, situation, etc.

  • cf. lose track of: to fail to remain informed

  • Examples:

  • They try hard to keep track of their favorite stars.

  • He loses track of time whenever he surfs the Net.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 3

Para. 2

But ours was a natural or, rather, a divine-calendar, because it was framed by acts of God: earthquakes and droughts and floods and locusts and pestilences.

go to 4

… We used natural disasters to keep track of time and of the important events in our lives. This was a natural calendar though it is more accurate to say a divine calendar, for sunrise and sunset, the change of seasons, and earthquakes and droughts and floods and locusts and pestilences were all works of God.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 4

塌落,倒塌

Para. 4

… that caused the roof on the mayor’s house to cave in.

(of roof or wall) to fall down

or inward; to collapse

… that caused the mayor’s house roof to collapse.

go to 5


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 5

Para. 7

You couldn’t be more accurate than that, now,

could you?

Examples:

(spoken) used for giving emphasis to a request, order, or comment

  • Be careful, now. (order)

  • Now, what’s going on here? (request)

  • It’s marvelous, now isn’t it? (comment)

go to 6


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 6

Para. 8

And that’s the way it was in our little village for as far back as anybody could remember.

serve as the object of “for”

And that’s how we kept track of the important

events in our little village to the extent that/

for as long as the oldest people could remember.

go to 7


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 7

Para. 8

… because men who would not lie even to save their own souls told and retold that story until it was incorporated into Magdaluna’s calendar.

Note

… until the event became

one of the things by which

we kept track of the

important events in our lives.

to save their lives

This shows, to some extent, the way of thinking of the villagers in those days when honesty prevailed. They trusted honest people and didn’t seek any proof for what had been said about past events.

go to 8

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 7

Note:

包含,并入

incorporate sth. (into): to add or include sth. as

part of sth. else

Examples:

  • The company decided to incorporate the new feature into their microcomputer.

  • A number of courses in public relations have been incorporated into our curriculum.

back to 7


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 8

Para. 9

There was, for instance, the year of the drought,

when the heavens were shut for months and the

spring from which the entire village got its

drinking water slowed to a trickle.

Note

It didn’t rain for

months as if the sky

were shut tight.

Gradually there was only a

small amount of water

coming slowly out of the

spring.

  • (literary) the sky

go to 9

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 8

Note:

to: used for stating what condition or state sb. or

sth. is after a change

Examples:

  • The ancient temple has been restored to its former glory.

  • The disease has reduced the patient to a bag of bones.

back to 8


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 9

Cultural Note:

Men in Arab

countries,

especially in the

countryside,

usually don’t do

any housework.

Para. 9

their napping men and wet babies

their husbands who were taking a nap and their babies who were breast fed

go to 10


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 10

Para. 10

And sometimes the arguments escalated into

full-blown, knockdown-dragout fights.

in the most complete

and developed form

(AmE.) very violent or uncontrolled

And sometimes the arguments became so fierce

that the women began to fight violently.

go to 11


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 11

Para. 10

… call each other names that made my ears tingle…

cf.

call one’s name

to abuse them by insulting words

… the words they used when they were quarreling were so offensive that we little boys felt uncomfortable…

go to 12


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 12

Para. 10

I remember the rush, the excitement, the sun

dancing on the dust clouds as a dress ripped

and a young white breast was revealed, then

quickly hidden.

Some women were fighting furiously creating dust

clouds. The sun was moving quickly on the dust

when a young woman’s dress was torn open and

her breast exposed. We little boys would rush to

steal a glance before it was hidden again. I still

remember the excitement I felt at such moments.

go to 13


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 13

Para. 11

… Magdaluna was not going to get anywhere until it had one.

Note

… Magdaluna wouldn’t achieve any success without a telephone.

go to 14

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 13

Note:

cf. not to get sb. anywhere: won’t help sb. to succeed

to get anywhere/somewhere/nowhere: to make some/no progress or have some/no success

Examples:

  • Have you got anywhere in your project?

  • You’ll surely get somewhere if you persist in it.

  • Losing your temper won’t get you anywhere with them.

back to 13


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 14

Para. 11

But they were outshouted and ignored and finally shunned by the other villagers…

self-coined word: prefix “out-” + shout

those for the telephone

were louder (or stronger)

than the others in their

arguments

go to 15

But the majority of the villagers were for the telephone, and they wouldn’t listen to those few people who were finally deliberately avoided for resisting progress.


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 15

Para. 20

… when the loud voices of the men talking, laughing, and arguing could be heard in the street below—a reassuring, homey sound.

appositive

a sound that makes you

feel less worried and that

is in a pleasant way and

reminds you of home

go to 16


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 16

Para. 21

… the signal that they were ready to toss back and forth, like a ball, the latest rumors going around the village.

appositive clause

… this showed that now they were ready to exchange the latest news.

go to 17


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 17

Para. 22

The telephone was also bad news for me personally. It took away my lucrative business—a source of much-needed income.

used humorously to

exaggerate the boy’s

disappointment at his loss

For the boy the coming of the telephone deprived him of the opportunity to earn some money.

go to 18


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 18

Para. 22

On a good day, I ran nine or ten of those errands, which assured a steady supply of marbles that I usually lost to other boys.

to make sth. certain to happen

Example:

Strength and good tactics assured

his success at the Asian Games.

When I was lucky, I got nine or ten errands to run a day. With the money I earned I could buy new marbles so that I always had an adequate number to play with, although I usually lost them to other boys.

go to 19


Part one

Ⅳ.Sentence Paraphrase 19

Para. 24

Magdaluna became a skeleton of its former self, desolate and forsaken, like the tombs, a place to get away from.

With the healthy, the young, and the able-bodied all gone, Magdaluna was not what it had been. The house, the streets and the store were there, but they were no longer alive with laughter and the loud voices of the men talking, laughing, and arguing. It became a much-deserted place, a place to escape from, like a graveyard or cemetery.

The end of Sentence Paraphrase.


Part one

Typical Narrative Techniques

Ⅴ. Writing Devices

The most

striking narrative technique in the essay

  • the use of figure of speech with a local flavor

  • We knew what to do and when to do it, just as the Iraqi geese knew when to fly north, driven by the hot wind that blew in from the desert. (Para. 1)

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Typical Narrative Techniques

Ⅴ.Writing Devices

figure of speech with a local flavor

  • … the two important-looking men from the telephone company, who proceeded with utmost gravity, like priests at communion, to wire up the telephone. (Para. 13)

  • I wriggled my way through the dense forest of legs to get a firsthand look at the action. (Para. 1)

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Typical Narrative Techniques

Ⅴ.Writing Devices

figure of speech with a local flavor

  • Her house was an island of comfort, an oasis for the weary village men, exhausted from having so little to do. (Para. 1)

  • … they were ready to toss back and forth, like a ball, the latest rumors going around the village. (Para.1)

  • Magdaluna bacame a skeleton of its former self, desolate and forsaken, like the tombs, a place to get away from. (Para. 1)

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅴ.Writing Devices—Paradox

paradox

a situation or statement that seems strange or impossible because it contains two ideas that are both true

Examples:

  • He was shocked by the poverty in the midst of affluence.

  • She was a devout Catholic and also the village whore.

  • He is vain about not being vain.

To be continued on the nest page.


Part one

Ⅴ.Writing Devices—Paradox

  • Her house was an oasis for the weary village men, exhausted from having so little to do.

  • All mothers know that they sometimes have to be cruel to be kind.

  • The more we possess, the more we are possessed.

  • No belief is in itself a belief.

The end of Writing Devices.


Part one

Part Three

Text Appreciation

This is the end of Part Three. Please click HOME to visit other parts.


Part one

Part Four

Language Study

ENTER


Part one

Language Study

Contents

I. Word Study

II. Phrases and Expressions

III. Word Building


Part one

  • Word Study

Word list:

  • congregate

  • curse

  • desolate

  • devout

  • dung

  • escalate

  • forsake

  • lure

  • reveal

  • shun

  • weary

  • wring


Part one

  • Word Study

Word formation

  • congregate

v.to assemble; to get together

Examples:

The famous singer was congregated by a

crowd of enthusiastic fans.

A congregation of wild geese flied south.

a congregate prison 集体监狱

adj. congregate

n. congregation

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

Lesson 10 – The Telephone

  • Word Study

congregationaladj.

Identify these words.

Examples:

congregational singing 会众唱歌

Congregational Church 公理会

congregationalism (基督教)公理制


Part one

  • Word Study

  • curse

v./ n to appeal to some supernatural power;

to bring evil or injury to sb. you hate

Examples:

She cursed terribly. 她大肆咒骂。

curse and swear 恶言辱骂

call down curses upon sb. 祈求上天降祸于某人

be under a curse受诅咒遭殃

lay sb. under a curse 诅咒某人


Part one

  • Word Study

  • desolate adj. / v. deserted; made unfit for habitation

More examples

  • Examples:

  • She was desolate after her parents died.

  • The land was desolated by floods.

  • We were desolated to hear the news of her death.

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

  • Word Study

desolate

Translation

  • desolate land

  • a desolate old house

  • the desolate poor

  • a desolatelife

  • desolate memories

  • 不毛之地

  • 废旧的房屋

  • 悲惨的穷人

  • 沉闷的生活

  • 令人沮丧的回忆


Part one

  • Word Study

  • devout

Synonyms

adj.devoted to divine worship or service

pious

fervent

Examples:

a devout admirer

devout thanks

earnest


Part one

  • Word Study

  • dung

Synonyms

  • n.

  • solid waste material passed from the bowels of animals (esp. cows and horses)

  • sth. often mixed with soil to make the soil produce more plants

  • dungyadj.

excrement

manure


Part one

  • Word Study

  • escalate

v.to increase in intensity or extent

Translation

Examples:

escalate the arms race

escalating price/pressure

If we surrender on this small issue, they undoubtedly will escalate their demands.

escalator 自动扶梯

逐渐增强

逐渐上升

扩大


Part one

  • Word Study

  • forsake

Synonyms

v.a. to quit or leave entirely

b. to give up or renounce (a habit, way of life, etc.)

abandon

desert

  • Examples:

  • forsake the theater

  • forsake a bad habit

  • an old forsaken house

  • He was forsaken by his friends.


Part one

  • Word Study

  • lure

Synonyms

v. to attract, draw or recall

n.anything that attracts; power of attracting

allure

decoy

entice

tempt

  • Examples:

  • The hunter lured the fox into a trap.

  • Large firms lure customers away with slick advertisement.

  • The beaches have become a lure for walking, especially in the early evening.


Part one

  • Word Study

Translation

  • reveal

揭露揭示

展示显示

v.a. to make known; to disclose

b. to lay open to view; to expose/show/ display/exhibit

cf. revealing

  • Examples:

  • Investigation has revealed him to be a criminal.

  • She drew the curtains aside to reveal a beautiful garden.

  • Their faces revealed anger and alarm.

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

  • Word Study

revealing adj.

Translation

  • exposing parts of the body that are usually covered

  • giving information or insight about sth. previously concealed

暴露身体的

有启迪作用的

  • Examples:

  • a revealing dress

  • a revealing conversation/experience

  • We listened to him for two solid hours, but he

  • had nothing very revealing to say.


Part one

  • Word Study

  • shun

cf. shunt

转移;摆脱

v. to keep away from; to take pains to avoid

Examples:

He was shunned by his former friends.

Most medical graduates shun posts in geriatric medicine.


Part one

  • Word Study

Translation

  • weary adj.

疲劳的

沉闷的

Examples:

She took on a weary look with 30 days, continuous fighting.

Programson TV have degenerated into wearyrepetition of each other.

He has been weary of/with power politics.


Part one

  • Word Study

  • wring

Translation

绞出,拧出

强行索取

使痛苦

v.toclasp and twist or squeeze as in distress

Examples:

The worker wrings the water from the towel.

The robber intends to wring money out of/ from the old man.

The sight of the orphan child wringsour hearts.

The end of Word Study.


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

List:

  • call sb. names

  • chime in

  • escalate into

  • incorporate into/with

5. keep sb. out of one’s hair

6. keep track of

7. talk sb. out of sth.

8. trail off


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • call sb. names

Translation

Examples:

  • call each other names

  • call sb. by name

  • in name

  • in one’s own name

  • in the name of…

  • make one’s name

  • to one’s name

  • under the name of…

  • use sb.’s name

  • 谩骂某人

  • 名叫,直呼其名

  • 在名义上

  • 用自己的名义,擅自

  • 在······名下,代表······;

    为了······;依凭······

  • 使某人成名、出名

  • 在自己名下,属自己所有

  • 用······ 的名字,以······的名义

  • 援引某人的话


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • chime in

a. 插话

b. 协调,一致,融合

  • to break into/ enter (a conversation); to interrupt

  • to be compatible; to agree with

Examples:

“I remember another incident,” someone chimed in.

Her expectation chimes in with the belief of many others.

The artist’s illustration chimes in perfectly with the text.


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • escalate into

to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.

Example:

The demonstration has escalated into a large uprising.


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • incorporate into/with

Translation

to combine so as to form one body

合并;混合;

吸收

Examples:

The company incorporated with others.

Paints incorporate with the oil.

I incorporated the old plan with the new one.


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

Translation

  • keep sb. out of one’s hair

使某人不被烦扰

(inform.) (collo.) to have sb. away from the trouble; to irritate sb.

Example:

The wife is so kind as to always keep his husband out of his hair.


Part one

……

  • 跟上 进展,保持 联系

  • 看清,听清

……

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • keep track of

  • to remain aware; to keep informed

  • to see clearly

Translation

Examples:

The retired man reads newspaper every day to keep track of current events.

We leave the call numbers in order to keep track of each other.

The plane dives beneath the clouds to keep track of the mountain slopes.


Part one

Translation

说服 放弃

……

……

  • Phrases and Expressions

  • talk sb. out of sth.

to persuade sb. from doing sth.

Compare

  • talk sb. into… 说服 做

Examples:

She tried to talk him out of his plan.

He talked me into coming here.

……

……


Part one

  • Phrases and Expressions

8. trail off

Translation

to change gradually so as to become weak, ineffectual, etc.

逐渐减弱,缩小

Examples:

  • His interest in the work trailed off.

  • Her voice trailed off into a whisper.

The end of Phrases and Expressions.


Part one

  • Word Building

List:

  • Prefix+Root

  • Compound

  • Exemplification


Part one

III. Word Building—Prefix+Root

root

object

ject: to push; to drive

prefix

deject

eject

inject

object

project

reject

subject

使沮丧,使灰心

喷射;逐出

注射,注入,插入

反对,抗议

设计;投射,放映

抛弃;拒收;否认

使遭受;服从;提供

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

III. Word Building—Prefix+Root

root

resist

prefix

assist

consist

exist

insist

persist

resist

帮助,促进

组成

存在

坚持,极力要求

坚持不懈,持续

抵制,抵抗

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

III. Word Building—Prefix+Root

root

attain

prefix

attain

contain

detain

entertain

maintain

obtain

pertain

retain

获得,得到

含有,容纳

阻止;拘留;延迟

娱乐;招待

维持,继续,保持

获得;达到

附属;适合

保留,维持

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

III. Word Building—Prefix+Root

root

deport

port: any place that forms a harbor

prefix

deport

export

import

port

portable

transport

逐出境

向(外国)输出,出口

引进,输入,进口

港口,码头

便于携带的;可转移的

运输,运送,搬运


Part one

  • Word Building—Compound

  • Compound:

  • n.+ n. butcher-shop chickenpox

  • fingernail hailstorm

  • pocketknives troubleshooter

  • n.+ n.(ed) marble-sized

  • n.+ v.(ed/ing) hand-rolled fish-bearing

  • n.+ adj. jet-black

  • adj. + v.(ed) middle-aged full-blown


Part one

  • Word Building—Exemplification

Expressions for Exemplification:

for instance,

for example,

such as + noun phrase/ noun clause,

such+ noun phrase + as + noun phrase,

let’s say,

say,

like

To be continued on the next page.


Part one

  • Word Building—Exemplification

e.g.

1) Take, for example, the birth date of Teda Im Khalil, the oldest woman in… (Para. 3)

2) There was, for instance, the year of the drought, when the heavens were shut… (Para. 9)

3) … to deliver a message to his wife, such as what he wanted for supper. (Para. 22)

4) And ships and airplanes carried them tosuch faraway placesas Australia and Brazil… (Para. 24)

The end of word Building.


Part one

Part Four

Language Study

This is the end of Lesson Ten.


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