Chapter 29 asian nations struggled to gain stability
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Chapter 29: Asian Nations Struggled to Gain Stability. (1945 to the present). Introduction . Look at the maps on pgs. 615 and 795 and compare them How many nations that were former colonies have gained independence? Which nations were never colonies?

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Chapter 29 asian nations struggled to gain stability

Chapter 29: Asian Nations Struggled to Gain Stability

(1945 to the present)


Introduction
Introduction

  • Look at the maps on pgs. 615 and 795 and compare them

  • How many nations that were former colonies have gained independence?

  • Which nations were never colonies?

  • What are some challenges that might arise in the new Asian nations?

    Building an economy, establish a government and resist outside forces

  • How might these new nations affect the west?

    They might exert cultural influence, provide economic competition and serve as pawns in the cold war


Chapter overview
Chapter Overview

  • Great change occurred after WWII

  • In China, Communist led by Mao Zedong overthrew the nationalist government

  • The communist dramatically change the nature of China’s economy

  • Disputes among party leaders led to the Great cultural Revolution of 1966

  • China broke off relations with the Soviet Union

  • Later China resumed diplomatic relations with the US


Korea
Korea

  • Was divided after WWII

  • Northern Korea (Communist) invaded S. Korea in 1950

  • The attack was condemned by the UN

  • An armistice was signed in 1953

    Japan

  • Lost territorial gains

  • Underwent agricultural and industrial changes

  • In the 1980s Japan was Asia’s leading industrial power


Indian subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent

  • Was divided into India and Pakistan

  • India, under Nehru, adopted a mixed economy

  • Foreign relations were marked by conflicts with Pakistan and China

  • After a civil war, East Pakistan became the nation of Bangladesh


Philippines indonesia
Philippines/Indonesia

  • The Philippines gained independence in 1946 but retained close ties with the US

  • After years of authoritarian rule under Ferdinand Marcos, the Philippines returned to democracy in the 1980s

    Indonesia

  • Under Sukarno and Suharto Indonesia suffered from economic misstatement

  • The new federation of Malaysia was endangered by cultural and economic differences

  • After gaining independence, Burma tries to remain neutral in the ongoing East-West conflict


Indochina
Indochina

  • France fought a long war and was defeated by communist led Viet Minh

  • In the 1960s the US became heavily involved in Vietnam but with drew in 1973

  • N. Vietnam defeated S. Vietnam in 1975

  • Other countries in S. Asia were also affected by border disputes and refugee problems

  • Asian countries encouraged industrialization with various approaches such as authoritarian measures to international cooperation

  • Some countries enjoyed success but throughout the region economic development proceeded at a slow pace


Objectives
Objectives

  • Discuss the changes in Chinese economic and foreign policy instituted by the communist government

  • Explain the causes and effects of the Great Proletarian Cultural revolution

  • Outline the causes and results of the Korean war

  • ID the aims of the American occupation of Japan

  • Describe the social and economic changes that occurred in postwar Japan

  • Trace the development of the US-Japanese relations since 1945

  • ID the major social and economic problems facing India

  • Describe the events that led to the establishment of Bangladesh and Pakistan


Objectives1
Objectives

  • Compare the movement toward independence of the countries of SE Asia

  • Discuss the challenges facing the countries of SE Asia today

  • Trace the US involvement in the Vietnamese conflict

  • Explain how the Vietnamese War affected the countries of Indochina

  • Discuss the trend toward authoritarian governments in Asia

  • Describe the economic development in Asia

  • Give examples of Asia’s influence on the West


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