Unit 2 values public interests and politics in planning
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

UNIT 2 : VALUES , PUBLIC INTERESTS AND POLITICS IN PLANNING PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 43 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

UNIT 2 : VALUES , PUBLIC INTERESTS AND POLITICS IN PLANNING. Values and Norms in Planning. What are Values?

Download Presentation

UNIT 2 : VALUES , PUBLIC INTERESTS AND POLITICS IN PLANNING

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Unit 2 values public interests and politics in planning

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS AND POLITICS IN PLANNING


Values and norms in planning

Values and Norms in Planning

What are Values?

  • Values are broad ideas and beliefs that define what is proper or improper, or what is good or bad, in a given society or among members of a group; they serve as principles that govern behaviour.

  • Examples of Values:

    • Respect for authority is a common value; holiness is a religious value; patriotism, kindness and respect for the sanctity of life are important values in many societies.

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Values and norms in planning1

Values and Norms in Planning

What are Values?

  • Values are culture-based: through the process of socialization (or acculturation) individuals derive their values from the culture to which they belong (or with which they are associated).

  • Because values are culture-based, they tend to differ from culture to culture

  • Because culture is dynamic, values may change (go through transformation) over time

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Values and norms in planning2

Values and Norms in Planning

What about Norms?

  • Specific prescriptions of good behaviour that individuals are expected to put up in order to conform with the values of a society or group. They are the ‘dos’ and the ‘don’ts’ of that society or group.

  • In other words, norms are the visible manifestations of values

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Values and norms in planning3

Values and Norms in Planning

What about Norms?

  • Example:

    • Respect for authority (as a value) may be manifested by such routine behaviour as:

      • subjects bowing before their chief

      • children offering their seats to adults

      • students standing up when a teacher enters a classroom, etc

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Values and norms in planning4

Values and Norms in Planning

What about Norms?

  • Norms usually go with sanctions, which can be positive or negative

  • Good behaviour attracts reward, praise or commendation (positive sanctions) while bad behaviour attracts punishment (negative sanction)

    Why should planners be concerned about values and norms?

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

What is Public Interest?

  • ..“considerations affecting the good order and functioning of the community and government affairs, for the well-being of citizens.”

  • Also known as the ‘Common Good’ or ‘Public Purpose’

  • Often no unanimously agreed public interest or purpose regarding issues addressed in planning

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics1

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

What is Public Interest?

  • Reality:

    • Several interests co-exist, some of which conflict

    • Planners have to deal with several Interest Groups who do not necessarily agree on what goals to pursue or how to achieve them.

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics2

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

How do Values, Ideologies and Politics Influence the Idea of ‘Public Interest’ in Public-Sector Planning?

  • Effects of Values:

    • What constitutes Public Interest reflect the values of the community for which planning is carried out.

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics3

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

How do Values, Ideologies and Politics Influence the Idea of ‘Public Interest’ in Public-Sector Planning?

  • Effects of Ideologies and Politics:

    • Planning is a political decision-making process; therefore determination of Public Interest tends to be influenced by the dominant political ideology of the day.

    • E.g. Left-Leaning Right-Leaning

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics4

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

How do Values, Ideologies and Politics Influence the Idea of ‘Public Interest’ in Public-Sector Planning?

  • Defining the Public Interest can also be influenced by the private ‘electoral interests’ of politicians who are at the helm of decision-making

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


Public interests ideologies and politics5

Public Interests, Ideologies and Politics

So, in reality, is there a single Public Interest in Planning?

  • The existence of several ‘publics’ (interest groups) with divergent interests within the bigger public

    • E.g. the poor, businesses, politicians, environmentalists, planners themselves, property owners, traditional rulers, etc.

  • The real challenge for planners is how to reconcile these divergent interests

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


The role of the planner

The Role of the Planner

Does the Professional Planner have a Single Role to Play as far as Public-Sector Planning is Concerned?

  • The modern-day planner wears several caps. He is:

    • A technician (technocrat)

    • An advisor

    • A facilitator

    • A negotiator

    • An advocate

    • Etc

UNIT 2: VALUES, PUBLIC INTERESTS, POLITICS


  • Login