DIPLOID VS. HAPLOID. DIPLOID. HAPLOID. Diploid = 2(n) In humans: n=23 chromosomes 2(n)= 46 total chromosomes 2 sets of each chromosomes Somatic cells are diploid Body Cells (nerve, muscle, bone, etc.). Haploid = n In humans: n= 23 chromosomes Only 23 chromosomes total
Mitosis vs. Meiosis
Takes place in somatic cells (body cells).
Starts diploid (2n) and ends diploid (2n).
One cell division
One parent makes 2 daughter cells that are identical to the parent
No genetic variation
Phases of Mitosis
Takes place in gametes (sexcells).
Starts diploid (2n) and ends haploid(n).
Phases of Meiosis
Prophase I & II
Metaphase I & II
Anaphase I & II
Telophase I & II