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Desire for Normalcy. 24.2. The Harding Presidency. Republican Warren G. Harding becomes president and promises Americans a return to normalcy The word “normalcy” was reassuring to those Americans who wanted an end to foreign involvement and domestic turmoil

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The harding presidency
The Harding Presidency

  • Republican Warren G. Harding becomes president and promises Americans a return to normalcy

  • The word “normalcy” was reassuring to those Americans who wanted an end to foreign involvement and domestic turmoil

  • Harding and Coolidge won by a landslide


The ohio gang
The “Ohio Gang”

  • Harding gave jobs in the white house to help his friends he also gave jobs to his political supporters known as the Ohio Gang

  • Many of the people he appointed were unqualified and some turned out to be corrupt


Teapot dome scandal
Teapot Dome Scandal

  • The biggest scandal involved Albert Fall

  • He secretly leased government oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wy to the owners of two oil companies in exchange for 400,000 dollars

  • Fall was convicted of bribery and sent to prison becoming the first cabinet officer ever to go to jail

  • Harding went to escape the stresses of the scandals by taking a trip to the west and became ill, suffered a heart attack and died


Honesty returns to the white house
Honesty Returns to the White House

  • Coolidge had a reputation for honesty

  • He allowed the investigations into the Harding Administration to proceed without interfering

  • He replaced the remaining members of the Ohio Gang with honest officials

  • Coolidge believed that the government should not interfere in the life of the nation


A new term
A New Term

  • Coolidge swept the 1924 Presidential Election

  • Also in 1924, for the first time women, Nellie Taylor Ross and Miriam Ferguson won governor’s races


Foreign policy
Foreign Policy

  • Coolidge favored a limited role of the nation in world affairs

  • Coolidge promised the US that he would not lead them into the League of Nations

  • Many Americans supported this policy of isolationism (non-involvement in world affairs)


Promoting peace
Promoting Peace

  • The US, Great Britain, and Japan had begun a Naval Arms Race

  • The three nations along with France and Italy signed the Five Power Treaty to limit the size of the nations’ navies

  • The treaty marked the first time in world history that world powers agreed to disarm

  • The US also signed the Kellogg Briand Pact which called for outlawing war Within a few years, 48 other nations had signed the pact but it was often not enforced


A more unfriendly neighbor
A More Unfriendly Neighbor

  • When Harding took office the US was stationed in Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Nicaragua

  • Relations with Mexico were also tense

  • After the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua held elections in the mid 1920’s the US withdrew their troops

  • At about the same time Mexico threatened to take over foreign owned oil and mining companies. Coolidge chose to negotiate instead and the US reached a settlement with Mexico


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