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CANADA. Canadian Borders. South – USA North – Arctic Ocean East – Atlantic Ocean West – Pacific Ocean NW - Alaska. Physical Features of Canada. Hudson Bay. Extends far into Canada and connects to the Atlantic Ocean. St. Lawrence River.

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Canadian borders
Canadian Borders

  • South – USA

  • North – Arctic Ocean

  • East – Atlantic Ocean

  • West – Pacific Ocean

  • NW - Alaska



Hudson bay
Hudson Bay

Extends far into Canada and connects to the Atlantic Ocean


St lawrence river
St. Lawrence River

Stretches from Lake Ontario to the Gulf of St Lawrence.

It allowed explorers to travel deep into North America by water.

Today it is an important natural resource as a source of water and as a trade route.


The great lakes
The Great Lakes

  • Form part of the border with the US

  • H - uron

  • O - ntario

  • M - ichigan(in US)

  • E - rie

  • S - uperior


Canadian shield

Covers a large part of eastern and central Canada

It has ancient rock just below and sometimes sticking out of the soil.

This area is known for its thin, rocky soil and rough, rolling landscape.

It has many lakes and rivers and is rich in minerals.

Canadian Shield


Rocky mountains

These mountains stretch over 3,000 miles, from British Columbia in Canada to NewMexico in the US.

Mt. Robson is the tallest peak in the Canadian Rockies at nearly 13,000 feet.

Rocky Mountains


Location of canada
Location of Canada

  • Largest country in the Western Hemisphere in land area

  • 2nd largest country by land area in the entire world

  • In an important position between the US and Russia


Population of canada
Population of Canada

  • Population –33 million

  • Small compared to its land area

  • The US has about 9 times the number of people in Canada

  • About 90% of Canadians live within 100 miles of the border with the US. Most of these are towards the east and central parts of the country.


Where canadians live
Where Canadians live

  • Most Canadians live in cities or towns.

  • Only about 20% live in rural areas


The golden horseshoe

One - fourth of Canadians live in this zone.

This zone lies around the southern end of Lake Ontario and includes Toronto

The Golden Horseshoe





How location impacts trade
How location impacts trade Island

  • Canada’s location helps it to be a leader in world trade.

  • Located on 3 oceans – opportunity to trade with Europe and Asia

  • When sea lanes are open, travel across the Arctic Ocean and trade with Russia is possible


Ports rivers and lakes
Ports, Rivers, and Lakes Island

  • Canada has 9 major ports and numerous smaller ones. These allow goods to be shipped into and out of Canada easily.

  • The Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway allow goods to be shipped to and from the central part of Canada to the Atlantic Ocean.


Canada us trade
Canada – US IslandTrade

  • Canada and the US share over 3,000 miles of border.

  • Trade across this border is relatively easy.

  • About 80% of Canada’s exports come to the US


Climate of canada
Climate of Canada Island

  • The climate of Canada keeps most of its people living in just a few areas

  • Few Canadians live in Northern Canada/ Subarctic/ Arctic Region

  • It has long, cold winters and short, cool summers. It is possible to have temperatures below freezing even in the summer.

  • SE Canada – humid continental climate. It has warm to hot summers and cold winters.

  • Pacific coast – Temperate climate. The ocean cools the region in summer and keeps it warmer in winter.


Precipitation
Precipitation Island

  • SE Canada – can have up to 60 inches of precipitation a year

  • Pacific coast – Can get over 100 inches of rain a year. Most of this precipitation comes in winter.


Snowfall Island can exceed 100 inches a year in some parts of eastern Canada.

Snow


Southern and central canada
Southern and Central Canada Island

  • Climate allows for a long growing season.

  • Canada’s central plains are an important source of canola, wheat, and other grains.

  • These are exported to other countries and traded for goods and services that aren’t available in Canada.


Transportation
Transportation Island

  • An excellent system of highways, railroads and air transportation has been built and adapted to the colder climate.


Natural resources
Natural Resources Island

  • Iron ore

  • Nickel

  • Zinc

  • Copper

  • Gold

  • Lead

  • Diamonds

  • silver


Rivers and lakes

Excellent source of Islandfish, fresh water, and hydroelectric power.

Rivers and Lakes


Good soil
Good soil Island

  • Allows farmers to grow crops for the people of Canada with enough left over to trade with other countries.


Forests source of timber and wildlife
Forests Island – Source of timber and wildlife


How natural resources impact trade
How Natural Resources Impact Trade Island

  • Canada sells oil, natural gas, fish, agricultural products and timber to other countries.

  • Electricity is made at hydroelectric power plants along Canada’s rivers. Extra energy not needed by Canadians is sold to the US.


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