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(left) Occupy Boston , October 11, 2011; (right) Honoré Daumier, The Uprising , 1860. Paul Cézanne & Georges Seurat Post-Impressionism. Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906), photo-portrait, 1861 (year of first stay in Paris). “The Master of Aix”.
“The Master of Aix”
(left) PaulCézanne, Self Portrait, 1878-80. Compare with (right) Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Vollard, 1910 (Analytic Cubism)“What forces our interest is Cézanne’s Anxiety. That’s Cézanne’s lesson.”Pablo Picasso
Letter to Paul Cézanne from Emile Zola
From Paris, early 1860’s
Stock, caricature of Paul Cézanne with the two painting rejected by the Salon jury of 1870. (right) Portrait of Achille Emperaire, 1867-68, oil on canvas, 78 3/4 x 48 in., Musée d\'Orsay, Paris. Intentionally lacked all the elements of charm, grace and finish appreciated by the jury.
(left) Camille Pissarro(1830-1903), Louveciennes, 1872. Compare with(right) Paul Cézanne,Louveciennes, 1872, 73 x 92 cm, oil on canvas Transformation of Cézanne’s style through the Impressionism of Pissarro
Modernism developed through acts of exchange and discussions, rather than through isolated enterprises.
(left) Paul Cézanne, The Hanged Man\'s House, 1873, oil on canvas, 22 x 26”, Musée d\'Orsay, Paris – breakthrough and beginning of mature style.(right) CamillePissarro, Red Roofs: Auvers sur Oise, 1877
Auguste Renoir (left), Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1889. Compare withPaulCézanne, Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1889. The artists painted these paintings together in Aix, en plein aire.
Georges Seurat (French, 1859-1891, lived 31 years)Neo-Impressionism (Divisionism, Pointillism, Scientific Impressionism, Chromo-luminism)Overheard at a Neo-Impressionist exhibition in 1894 : “It’s done mechanically?” “No, Monsieur, by hand.”
The Eiffel Tower, 1889, 9 ½ X 6”, Fine Arts Museums, San Francisco
Georges Seurat, (left) Academic Study, c. 1875-1879, chalk drawingSeurat, Embroidery: The Artist’s Mother, 1882-83, conté crayon on ingres paper 12 x 9 “
Georges Seurat, ASunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte, 1884-86, o/c, 6’ 9” x 10’ Art Institute of Chicago. Artist was 25 years old
Jatte (dog next to
Georges Seurat (1859-91) La Grande Jatte, 1884, compared with (below) Puvis de Chavannes (French Symbolist, 1824-98) The Sacred Grove, 1884, part of mural for the Lyons Museum of Fine Art, 181 x 419.” Seurat assisted Puvis de Chavannes on this work.
Paul Signac (French 1863-1935), Neo-ImpressionismAgainst the Enamel of a Background Rhythmic with Beats and Angles, Tones and Tints: Portrait of M. Félix Fénéon in 1890, 1890, o/c, 29 x 36”
Paul Signac, The Gulf of Sainte Tropez, 1892compared with Henri Matisse, Luxe, Calme, et Volupté, 1904Signac and Matisse painted side by side in Sainte Tropez