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By Marvin Lowe. Teacher ' s Notes. Subject: Physics (Heat Energy) Topic: Conservation of energy- Heat transfer Grades: 8 Prior Knowledge: 1) phases of matter- solid, liquid, gas, plasma 2) phase changes- solid to liquid, liquid to gas, solid to gas, liquid to solid, gas to liquid

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By marvin lowe

By Marvin Lowe


By marvin lowe

Teacher's Notes

Subject: Physics (Heat Energy)

Topic: Conservation of energy- Heat transfer

Grades: 8

Prior Knowledge:

1) phases of matter- solid, liquid, gas, plasma

2) phase changes- solid to liquid, liquid to gas, solid

to gas, liquid to solid, gas to liquid

3) molecules, elements, metals, nonmetal

4) density- molecule spacing of solid liquid and gas

5) buoyancy


By marvin lowe

Lesson Objectives

By the end of this lesson student’s should be able to

explain how heat and temperature are due to

molecular motion and how energy is transferred

define and explain the three types of heat transfer

compare conductors and insulators


By marvin lowe

Lesson Notes

Motion can produce heat. The amount of heat produced depends on 
the amount of motion. A molecule at any temperature is the same size.

Matter is made of atoms and molecules, which are always in motion. 
The speed of the molecules depends on how much energy they 
have, which affects the state of matter they are in – solid, liquid, gas 
or plasma. The less energy the particles have the less they move 
and the more solid and colder the matter is. The more energy the 
particles have the more they move so the more liquid or gaseous 
and hotter the matter is.

Heat is a form of energy caused by the friction between molecules due to the internal motions of molecules. Heat transfer is heat energy moving from a warmer object to a cooler object.

There are three types of heat transfer:

1) Conduction is heat transferred by the direct contact of molecules.

2) Convection is heat transferred through a liquid or gas by means of 
  up-and-down movements called convection currents.

3) Radiation is heat transferred through empty space by invisible

infrared rays.


By marvin lowe

Where does heat come from?

Touch each image and discuss.

Motion causes friction which produces heat. The 
amount of heat produced depends on the

amount of motion and friction.


By marvin lowe

How can motion create heat?

Touch each image to view the different 
energy levels of the molecule.

Water is made of molecules. Molecules are always in motion. 
The more molecular motion and friction the more heat. The 
energy level of the molecules determines their state of matter.


By marvin lowe

What is heat?

Touch each image to see how the water 
molecules react.

Heat is a form of energy caused by the internal motion of molecules and friction as the molecules rub against each other. 
The hotter a substance is, the faster the molecules are moving.


By marvin lowe

What is heat transfer?

Drag the hand over the ice or pan, observe 
the heat transfer for each.

Heat transfer is when heat energy moves from a warmer object to a cooler object.


By marvin lowe

What are the three type of heat transfer?

Drag the terms to the correct definitions.

Conduction

heat transferred by the direct contact of molecules.

Convection

heat transferred through a liquid or gas by means

of up-and-down caused by differences in temperature and density.

Radiation

heat transferred through empty space by invisible

infrared rays.


By marvin lowe

Correct Answer

Conduction

heat transferred by the direct contact of molecules.

Convection

heat transferred through a liquid or gas by means

of up-and-down.

Radiation

heat transferred through empty space by invisible

infrared rays.


By marvin lowe

Conduction

Touch the image.

Conduction is the transfer of energy 
through matter by direct contact of particles.


By marvin lowe

Do some substances conduct heat more 
rapidly than others?

Write your answers and touch the clouds to 
reveal some examples.

Can you think of objects that are used to conduct heat or energy?

Metal pots and pans

conduct heat to cook food.

Copper wire conducts

energy.


By marvin lowe

Do some substances conduct heat and 
energy poorly?

Write your answers and touch the clouds 
to reveal some examples.

Can you think of objects that are used to stop the conduction 
of heat or energy?

Insulators are substances that do not conduct heat and 
 energy  well. Cloth, wood, glass, plastic, and rubber 
 conduct energy and heat very slowly when in contact 
 with vigorously moving particles of a hot object.

A winter coat stops energy from

being conducted out of a body.

A hot pad stops conduction

from a hot pan to the hand.


By marvin lowe

Conduction Lab

Drag the objects to connect the battery to the light 
bulb. Find out which items conduct energy.


By marvin lowe

Convection

Click on the red molecule to view the 
4 stages of convection.

Convection is heat that is transferred in liquids or gases by means of

up and down movements of matter. The hot molecules move up and

the cold molecules move down. Cycles are created

called convection currents.


By marvin lowe

Radiation

Touch each image to see examples of heat 
radiation.

Radiation is the heat energy that is transferred 
 through empty space by invisible infrared radiation.


By marvin lowe

Review Question

Drag the correct answer to match definition.

1) Energy caused by motion of particles in matter.

Heat

2) Tiny particles that make up matter.

Molecules

3) Movement of heat from a warmer to a cooler object.

Heat Transfer

Answer Options

Heat

Heat Transfer

Molecules


By marvin lowe

Review Question

Drag the correct answer to match definition.

1) Movement of heat by direct contact.

Conduction

2) Movement of heat that is transferred through

 empty space.

Radiation

3) Movement of heat in an up and down motion

of particles that occurs in liquids and gases.

Convection

Answer Options

Conduction

Convection

Radiation


By marvin lowe

Review Question

Drag the correct answer to match 
the example.

1) Bacon cooking in a pan.

2) Air above a grassland plain warming up in

the sun causing violent updrafts that lead to

the formation of a tornado.

3) The warmth of a fireplace heating a person

in a room.

Answer Options

Convection

Conduction

Radiation

1) Convection

2) Conduction

3) Radiation


By marvin lowe

Why should the handle of a pot be made of 
wood or plastic rather than metal?

1

A

They are good conductors of heat.

B

They are poor conductors of heat.


By marvin lowe

2

What happens to molecules as they heat up?

A

They burn up and stop moving.

B

They move less vigorously.

C

They move more vigorously.

D

No change occurs.


By marvin lowe

Which is moving faster- particles in a gas or a 
solid?

3

A

gas

B

solid


By marvin lowe

What happens to molecules as they begin to

cool?

4

A

They freeze and stop moving.

B

They move less vigorously.

C

They move more vigorously.

D

No change occurs.


By marvin lowe

5

Cold air is more dense than hot air?

A

True

B

False


By marvin lowe

What is the correct order of a 
convection current?

6

A

rises, heats up, sinks, cools

B

sinks, cools, rises, heat ups

C

heats up, cools, rises, sinks

D

heats up, rises, cools down, sinks


By marvin lowe

In which type of heat transfer do particles 
actually move around?

7

A

convection

B

conduction

C

radiation


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