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Ecology PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ecology. Instructions Any word in black please write down Remember to write down one question per slide Afterwards, write 5 sentences for a summary. Photo by

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Any word in black please write down

Remember to write down one question per slide

Afterwards, write 5 sentences for a summary

Photo by

ECOLOGY - the study of interactions among organisms with each other and with environment

BIOSPHERE - portion of planet where life exists


Species - individuals that can breed with one another

Population - all the individuals of the same species (ducks) in an area

A population is always composed of same-species organisms

Community - all the populations that live together in an area

What is in your backyard community?---(Answer in the essential question area!!—you did not write this down did you? This is red!!)

Ecosystem - the community plus the physical factors in an area (rain, light, soil..)


Rotting Log

Koi Pond


Clump of Dirt

A field

An old maple tree

Biome - large area that has a particular climate, and particular species of plants and animals that live there (tundra)

Biosphere - the part of the earth that supports life

Ecological methods - how do we study it?


Models are created by humans to make predictions.

Sometimes, you must be cautious in how a model interprets data....

Imagine graphing a person's height as they age.  One could predict that by the time they were age 30, they would be 22 feet tall.   

However, the model would need to account for the slowing of growth after adolescence.

**Rewrite this in your own words

1.  A group of animals that live in the same area and can interbreed is called a (n) _____________________

2.  The study of organisms and their interactions with the environment is known as ___________________________

3.  A large area that has a particular climate and distinct plants and animals is called a ____________________________

4.  All of the different populations living in an area (plants, rabbits, coyotes...) is called the _________________________

5.  An ecosystem includes all the living and ___________ factors in an area. 

6.  The portion of the planet that can sustain life is the  ________

7.  Animals that can interbreed are called a(n) _______________

3-2 Energy Flow

Autotrophs (producers) - capture energy from environment and convert it into "food"

Heterotrophs (consumers) - must eat things

HerbivoresCarnivoresOmnivoresDetritivores / Decomposers

*SUNLIGHT is the main source of energy*

Photosynthesis - uses light energy to make "food"

Chemosynthesis - makes food from chemicals (some bacteria synthesize food in this way)

Some bacteria live in deep ocean vents, and make their food from chemicals in those vents

FOOD CHAINS AND FOOD WEBS - illustrate the flow of energy in an ecosystem

*Note the direction of the arrows, they indicate where the energy is going when one organism consumes another.

Each step in a chain or web is called a TROPHIC LEVEL


Primary Consumers

Secondary Consumers

Tertiary Consumers

Find the Omnivore.

Ecological Pyramids (fig 3-9)

Energy Pyramid

Biomass Pyramid

Pyramid of Numbers

Biogeochemical Cycles

(biology + geology + chemical)

Matter is not used up, it is transformed, the same molecules are passed around (see images in your book)


Carbon Cycle

Water Cycle

Nitrogen Cycle

Water Cycle

ground watertranspiration (from plants)evaporation (from bodies of water)precipitation (from clouds)

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