Polar Ice Biome. By Jon Joshlin and Alex Bogert. Location of Polar Ice Biome. Polar Ice Biome.
Polar Ice Biome
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This biome refers to the large polar ice cap found in the frigid zone environments of the Arctic, Greenland and Antarctica. The Polar Ice biome is a marine biome that is rich in nutrients from the land around them, and contain ice. This makes the perfect environment for plankton, and plankton fuel the surrounding ecosystem.
Basically, it's below freezing here year round.
Summer daytime temperature: + 5 C
Summer nighttime temperature: -30 C
It's ICE, folks! There are no higher plants; in some areas algae may grow in the snow and give it a pinkish color.
With no exposed soil, it's hard for plants to take root, so there really isn't much of a base for a biological community on land (with the exception of those algae in the snow and perhaps a few insects that feed on them).
Few animals live in the Polar Ice Biome because they have to adapted to extreme conditions to live here.
Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas)
Killer Whales (Orcinus orca)
Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina)
Animal SpeciesArctic Fox
Animal SpeciesArctic Hare
Animal SpeciesArctic Wolf
Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus)
There aren't a lot of people running out to build houses on the polar ice biome. Development is not a major problem, nor is there much pressure from human populations (although pollution problems near human settlements can be severe; it is a great technical challenge to effect efficient sewage treatment in a cold environment, for instance).
The biggest threat, however, is from oil and gas developmentand the resulting global warming.