Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test
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Chapter 4 – Part 1 Essays for Test. Section 1. How did Philip II extend Spain’s power and help establish a golden age? 2.Philip II asserted absolute power, waged war, and supported the arts, all to extend Spain’s power and prestige. Why did Spanish power and prosperity decline?

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Chapter 4 – Part 1 Essays for Test

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Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

Chapter 4 – Part 1 Essays for Test


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

Section 1


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • How did Philip II extend Spain’s power and help establish a golden age?

    2.Philip II asserted absolute power, waged war, and supported the arts, all to extend Spain’s power and prestige.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • Why did Spanish power and prosperity decline?

    4.Costly wars, inflation, bad economic choices, and faulty leadership caused Spain’s decline.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

Section 2


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • How did Henry IV’s conversion to Catholicism help France unite?

    3.Because he was a Huguenot, Henry IV’s conversion united France by healing the division between Huguenots and Catholics.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • Why did other European nations form alliances to oppose France’s plans to expand?

    5.They wanted to keep the balance of power so they would not be dominated by France or any other European nation.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

Section 4


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • What impact did the Thirty Years War have on the German states?

    3.The war depopulated the German states and weakened their unity, resulting in the emergence of many small independent states.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • What two major powers emerged in Europe at the end of the Thirty Years War? How were the goals of these two nations similar?

    4.Austria and Prussia; build a strong state, and extend their territory.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • How did European nations maintain a balance of power?

    5.European nations maintained a balance of power through wars and shifting alliances.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

Section 5


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • What were three goals of Peter the Great and what was one step that he undertook to achieve each goal?

    3.Goals: to westernize, strengthen the military, expand Russian borders, and centralize royal power.

    Reforms: bring the church under his control, force boyars to serve the state, force changes in social customs, strengthen serfdom, import technology, improve education, and build military power.


Chapter 4 part 1 essays for test

  • Why was obtaining a warm-water port a major priority for Peter?

    4.Russian seaports, located along the Arctic Ocean, were frozen over during the winter. A warm-water port would allow Russia to increase trade and become a major power.


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