ADHD Medication
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ADHD Medication. Katy KozminskiAmber Rice Sam Murray Will Trumper. Do you know a child who…. has trouble focusing on tasks? constantly fidgets? has a short attention span? has trouble interacting in social situations? interrupts frequently? seems impatient?.

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ADHD Medication

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Adhd medication

ADHD Medication

Katy KozminskiAmber Rice

Sam Murray Will Trumper


Do you know a child who

Do you know a child who…

  • has trouble focusing on tasks?

  • constantly fidgets?

  • has a short attention span?

  • has trouble interacting in social situations?

  • interrupts frequently?

  • seems impatient?


It s possible that the child has

It’s possible that the child has…

Attention

Deficit

Hyperactivity

Disorder


Background information

Background Information

  • First described in 1845 by Dr. Hoffman

  • First published in 1902 by Sir George F. Still

  • Mental and behavior disorder

  • Caused by an imbalance of Dopamine

    • Controls behavior

  • Most common prescribed medications are Ritalin and Adderral


Dr hoffman

Dr. Hoffman

  • Also a poet

  • “The Story of Fidgety Philip”

    • Accurate description of a little boy with ADHD


Statistics

Statistics

  • Who’s affected?

    • 8-10% of school age children

    • 30-50% of adults

  • Boys are three times more likely to be diagnosed

  • Children as young as 3 have been diagnosed

    • Average range is 8-12 years

  • Areas of the brain appear to be 5-10% smaller


Ritalin and adderral

Ritalin and Adderral

  • Stimulants

  • Stronger than caffeine but weaker than amphetamines

  • Similar to “street drugs”

    • Cocaine and Methamphetamine

  • Not weight dependent

  • Can acquire a tolerance/dependence


Benefits and risks

BENEFITS

Combats symptoms

Increases attention span

Calming effect

Decreases fidgeting

Increases the ability to focus

Improves social skills

RISKS

Abuse of medication

Serious side effects

Vomiting/ stomachache

Insomnia

Loss of appetite/ weight loss

Cardiac arrest

Psychotic behavior

Kidney, lung and tissue damage

Benefits and Risks


Section of rehabilitation act of 1973

Section of Rehabilitation Act of 1973

  • Prohibits discrimination within schools

  • Equal education opportunities

  • Ensures participation in extracurricular activities

  • No special education required

  • Applies to less severe cases

  • Children are not taken out of normal classes


Individuals with disabilities education act 2004

Individuals with disabilities Education Act (2004)

  • Governs special education

  • Equal education opportunities

  • Ensures participation in extracurricular activities

  • Special education required

  • Applies to more severe cases

  • Not necessarily kept in normal classes


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://www.adhdhelp.org/stimulants.htm

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/medicating/schools/feds.html

  • http://www.drugfree.org/Portal/Drug_Guide/Prescription_Stimulants

  • http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/Ritalin.html

  • http://www.usdoj.gov/ndic/pubs6/6444/index.htm#What

  • http://www.pharma.us.novartis.com:80/product/pi.jsp?usertrack.filter_applied=true&NovaId=1178761742665679018

  • http://supreme.lp.findlaw.com/supreme_court/briefs/02-5664/02-5664.mer.ami.ccle.pdf

  • http://www.fda.gov/cder/drug/infopage/adderall/

  • http://www.bankhead.net/BoozeAndDrugs/classification.html

  • http://www.bankhead.net/BoozeAndDrugs/Drugs/ritalin.html

  • http://www.fiu.edu/~cryan/adhd_T/ritalin_benefits.htm

  • http://www.adderallxr.com/childhood_adhd/considering/benefits.asp

  • http://www.adhdstrategies.com/Laws.asp

  • http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/children/parents/behavior/103.html#ArticleParsysMiddleColumn0002

  • http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/adhd/complete-publication.shtml

  • http://www.adhd.org.nz/petscan.jpg


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