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PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BOGOTA: BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES. Eduardo Behrentz. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia)

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Eduardo behrentz

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BOGOTA:

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES

Eduardo Behrentz

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia)

Sustainable Smart Cities Symposium The University of Alabama at Birmingham - June 2014

Facultad de Ingeniería

Universidad de Los Andes



Bogota in numbers
BOGOTA IN NUMBERS

  • Founded in 1538.

  • Colombia´s capital and largest city.

  • 8 million people in 400 square kilometers (200 hab/ha).

  • 90 billion U.S. dollars GDP ($11,000 p.c).


  • 15 million daily trips and 70 million VKT.

  • ~ 15,000 road kilometers (quality).

  • CO2 emissions = 20 million tons per year.

  • 1.5 million vehicles (60,000 taxis, 20,000 transit buses, 400,000 motorcycles) – 150 vehicles (per 1,000 p).


Daily trip distribution a couple of years ago
Daily Trip Distribution (a couple of years ago)






The solution integrated transportation system
THE SOLUTION: INTEGRATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

  • Central planning.

  • Single authority.

  • Unified fare collection.

  • Mode integration.

  • No competition within the market.




Impact on PM regulated markets2.5 Emissions

  • > 50% Reduction


Impact on CO regulated markets2 Emissions



Final remarks
FINAL REMARKS regulated markets

  • Improving public transportation is the single most effective measure to reduce air pollution and its harmful effects (in urban centers of the developing world).

  • It is also the best strategy to avoid usage of private vehicles (far better than restrictive measures).

  • Growing Latin American cites must seize the opportunity of high shares of public transportation – The window is closing rapidly and there is no easy way back.

  • Beware of the motorcycle – Bad service leads to its massive use (Asia is losing the battle).


Gracias eduardo behrentz ph d behrentz@gmail com
GRACIAS regulated marketsEduardo Behrentz, [email protected]


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