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PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BOGOTA: BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES. Eduardo Behrentz. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia)

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eduardo behrentz

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN BOGOTA:

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES

Eduardo Behrentz

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia)

Sustainable Smart Cities Symposium The University of Alabama at Birmingham - June 2014

Facultad de Ingeniería

Universidad de Los Andes

bogota in numbers
BOGOTA IN NUMBERS
  • Founded in 1538.
  • Colombia´s capital and largest city.
  • 8 million people in 400 square kilometers (200 hab/ha).
  • 90 billion U.S. dollars GDP ($11,000 p.c).
slide5

15 million daily trips and 70 million VKT.

  • ~ 15,000 road kilometers (quality).
  • CO2 emissions = 20 million tons per year.
  • 1.5 million vehicles (60,000 taxis, 20,000 transit buses, 400,000 motorcycles) – 150 vehicles (per 1,000 p).
the solution integrated transportation system
THE SOLUTION: INTEGRATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
  • Central planning.
  • Single authority.
  • Unified fare collection.
  • Mode integration.
  • No competition within the market.
final remarks
FINAL REMARKS
  • Improving public transportation is the single most effective measure to reduce air pollution and its harmful effects (in urban centers of the developing world).
  • It is also the best strategy to avoid usage of private vehicles (far better than restrictive measures).
  • Growing Latin American cites must seize the opportunity of high shares of public transportation – The window is closing rapidly and there is no easy way back.
  • Beware of the motorcycle – Bad service leads to its massive use (Asia is losing the battle).
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