We want our civil rights!. Civil Rights Act of 1964. Outlaws discrimination in employment based on race religion, nationality or sex. Public accommodations Voting Tool Attorney General could withhold federal money from state programs . Mexican Americans.
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Outlaws discrimination in employment based on race religion, nationality or sex.
Attorney General could withhold federal money from state programs
Bracero Program Encouraged Migration during WWII
Mexican American Political Association (MAPA) organized in 1960 to elect Mexican Americans
Brown Berets: Group considered radical but organized to fight against police brutality and improve Mexican communities. aligned with SNCC to protest Vietnam War
Cesar Chavez creates United Farmer Workers and leads a strike and nationwide boycott of table grapes. UFW was recognized as a union in 1970.
Changes: California farm workers have the right to have government supervised union elections and judicial support to settle disputes with growers.
Farmers vs. Growers (owners): In 1971 growers supported Proposition 22 which outlawed boycotts and limited secret elections. Proposition was defeated with the help of Chavez.
800,000 in 1960
Unemployment 10 times national average
Least access to education
National Council of American Indians
Indian…All they wanted…was…to make
me into a White Indian
American Indian Movement considered a radical wing of Native American groups. In 1969 ALCATRAZ ISLAND occupied for 19 months. AIM was there when United Indians of All Tribes reclaimed federal land in the name of Native Nations
National Organization for Women
“We want full participation into society”
Women’s Rights BranchWomen’s Liberation Branch
OlderYounger college students
Politically activeWorking with other groups
WorkingCalled the “new left”
Goal: Use the system for changeGoal: Separatist and more
Feminist Mystique 1963 book by Betty Friedan examines the trap of the housewife
'Each suburban wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries, matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffered Cub Scouts and Brownies, lay beside her husband at night - she was afraid to ask even of herself the silent question - ''Is this all?'' '
Other Issues American groups. In
Equal Pay Act
Civil Rights Act
Equal Credit Opportunity
Title IX: Colleges and universities receiving federal funds cannot discriminate based on sex
Roe v. Wade
Mattachine Society: Founded in 1950s with the goal of educating the public
Homosexuality linked to security risk in Executive Orders 10450
Local and State Laws targeted homosexuals
Stonewall Riots 1969: known gay bar in NYC targeted by the NYPD Morals Squad. Gay demonstrators force the NYPD into the bar. Outcome leads to some openness regardinig homosexuality as well as the creation of more groups
Gay Liberation Front: Organized after Stonewall and considered radical. Allied with other movement.