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UCLA Center on Child Welfare. Enhancing Strengths/Needs Based Practice: Effectively Assessing Behaviors to Meet the Unmet Needs Of Children and Families Day 1. Review. Introductions Housekeeping Agenda. Learning Objectives. Knowledge Skill Value Review Adult Learning Styles:

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Ucla center on child welfare

UCLA Center on Child Welfare

Enhancing Strengths/Needs Based Practice:

Effectively Assessing Behaviors to Meet the Unmet Needs Of Children and Families

Day 1


Review
Review

Introductions

Housekeeping

Agenda


Learning objectives
Learning Objectives

Knowledge

Skill

Value

Review Adult Learning Styles:

Kinesthetic

Auditory

Visual


Links to
Links to:

Federal Outcome Goals

Safety

Permanence

Child & Family Well Being

DCFS Strategic Plan

Katie A. Lawsuit & Initiative

Collaboration with DMH


Links to1
Links to:

Paradigm/Practice Shifts:

Quality Service Review QSR

Core Practice Model

Coaching and Mentoring


Defining Social Work (Case Work) Practice:

CORE PRACTICE MODEL (CPM )

Basic knowledge, Foundation of CPS, Legal mandates

D R A F T


Scsw led coaching mentoring support to do the work
SCSW Led Coaching & Mentoring: Support to do the Work!

Facilitate REGULAR individual & group case conferences

Coaching to core practice & strength-need practice skills while also enhancing safety decisions

Create a learning environment characterized by support and mutual trust

Oversee quality of services and practice

Opportunities to review success!


Parallel process
Parallel Process

Administrators

Supervisors

Social Workers & Collaborative Partners

Parents & Caregivers

Children


Ice breaker activity
Ice Breaker Activity

Connecting Behaviors

&

Underlying Needs

  • Blue behavior find white need

  • Green behavior find yellowneed

  • Introduce yourselves

  • Discuss how the behavior and need connect

  • Prepare to share with the large group


Setting the foundation
Setting the Foundation

What is:

Enhanced Strengths Needs Based Practice?


Present casework cycle responsibilities
Present Casework Cycle & Responsibilities

Interaction with a family from Hotline to:

Emergency Response

Dependency Investigation

Intensive Services

Family Maintenance

Family Reunification

Adoption

Legal Guardianship


Smith family vignette
Smith Family Vignette

Denise

John

Mark

Grandmother

Patricia

Uncle Patrick

Jack

Robert

Christine

*Note the Family Strengths


Strengths needs a ctivity
Strengths Needs Activity

Select a reporter & recorder

List as many strengths the family

on Handout #9 Advanced Strength Based Practice

Share strengths with the large group

At your table, write the needs for the assigned family member on the flip chart paper & share with the large group


Current practice
Current Practice

Behavioral Expression

Desired Results:

Completion/

Compliance

with services

Child

Safety

Assessment

Intervention Solutions:

Services


Enhanced strengths needs p ractice
Enhanced Strengths/Needs Practice

Behavioral Expression

Assessing

Underlying

Need:

Strengths Based Practice

Engagement

Teaming

Intervention

Solutions

Strategies Services

Child Safety

Desired Results:

Awareness, Understanding, Lasting Behavioral Change


Why:Enhanced Strengths/Needs Based Practice

Enhances our case management/social work skills

Helping families engage to motivate change

Supports lasting change for families

Moves us from:

Solution Focused

Strengths

Deficits

Problem Focused


Assessing family child behaviors to identify meet the underlying needs ensuring child safety
Assessing Family/Child Behaviors to Identify & Meet the Underlying Needs Ensuring Child Safety

Cultural

Awareness

Family/Child Strengths &

Needs

Child Safety

Formal & Informal Support Systems


Behind behavior the challenge of appreciating child youth needs
Behind Behavior: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child SafetyThe Challenge of Appreciating Child & Youth Needs

Their behaviors are visible, their needs are not

We have to look behind the child’s behavior to understand their needs

We want their behaviors to change

Addressing the needs behind the child/youth’s behaviors can be the most effective way to ensure safety and support their feeling successful


Behind behavior the challenge of appreciating child youth needs1
Behind Behavior: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child SafetyThe Challenge of Appreciating Child & Youth Needs

“Underlying needs” sounds new and different

Their behaviors are easy for everyone to talk about, but “underlying needs” is not in everyone’s vocabulary

At DCFS, we are not used to talking about underlying needs.


Behind behavior the challenge of appreciating child youth needs2
Behind Behavior: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child SafetyThe Challenge of Appreciating Child & Youth Needs

We are accustomed to interventions based on behaviors

Underlying needs are very diverse and decision making should reflect a child’s uniqueness

Children’s behaviors are often a response to trauma

Developmental Trauma Disorder,

Bessel A. van der Kolk, MD


Best practice requires trauma informed practice
Best Practice requires: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child Safety “Trauma Informed Practice”

“Ensuring that all staff, foster homes, FFAs, group homes and other providers, including relative caregivers, recognize trauma behind the behavior of the children we are responsible for, is essential.”

M. Beyers, PhD


Behind behavior the challenge of appreciating child youth needs3
Behind Behavior: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child SafetyThe Challenge of Appreciating Child & Youth Needs

We are accustomed to interventions based on behaviors

Underlying needs are very diverse and decision making should reflect a child’s uniqueness

When we use the term “needs” often these are family needs

Meeting the family’s needs supports the desired outcome of meeting the child’s needs


Behind behavior the challenge of appreciating child youth needs4
Behind Behavior: Underlying Needs Ensuring Child SafetyThe Challenge of Appreciating Child & Youth Needs

When we use the term “needs” often these are services disguised as needs

A stronger plan gets developed when the child’s strengths and needs are identified first and then services are tailored

Appreciating the child’s needs is easier after the strengths have been recognized


Definition
Definition Underlying Needs Ensuring Child Safety

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Common Human Needs

&

Self Sufficiency Goals


Identifying needs activity
Identifying Needs Activity Underlying Needs Ensuring Child Safety

Safety

Shelter & Food

Permanence

Affiliation & Relationship

Well Being

Nurturance & Love

List as many needs as possible for children

within the category you are given

Keep in mind developmental &attachment

needs

Use strength based language

Think of children in different age groups


Safety from exposure to threats of harms Underlying Needs Ensuring Child Safety

Safety from risk to self/others

Stability pattern

Permanency prospects

Living Arrangement

Health/physical well-being

Emotional well-being

Learning and development

Categories to Consider When Identifying Children’s Needs


Volcano of old feelings erupts when touched or someone gets near his face

Reflexive self-protection without thought

High anxiety and unable to self-soothe when not in control

Low trust from so much loss

Hypersensitive to anything unfair

Linking Behaviors & Underlying Needs: Robert


Lunch
Lunch near his face


Why enhanced strengths based practice
Why: near his faceEnhanced Strengths Based Practice

As a CSW, what role(s) do you play in the lives of the families you work with?

What are the qualities/attributes of an effective CSW?


Balancing near his faceStrengths & Needs

Challenging Behaviors

Strengths

Underlying Needs

CSWs are Change Agents !


Every individual, group, family and community has strengths near his face

Trauma and abuse, illness and struggle, may be injurious but they may also be sources of strength

Assume that you do not know the upper limits of the capacity to grow and change. Take individual, group and community aspirations seriously

Modified from Lorrie Lutz & Dennis Saleebey, DSW

Principles of

Strengths Based Perspective


We best serve near his facefamilies

by collaborating with them

Every environment if full of formal/informal resources

Caring, caretaking and context

Families have the right to make mistakes and learn from them

Know yourself and the families with whom you work

Principles of

Strengths Based Perspective


Believing in the family near his face

Dialogue and collaboration

Empowerment

Healing and wholeness

Hope

Membership

Plasticity

Resiliency

Lexicon of

Strengths Based Perspective


What people have learned about themselves and others near his face

Personal qualities, traits, virtues

What people know about the world around them

Talents people have

Cultural and personal stories and lore

Pride

The Community

Spirituality

A New Paradigmfor Discovering and Assessing Family Strengths

If we don’t ask, we miss the opportunity!


Give primacy to the individual’s perspectives near his face

Believe that families have the capacity to change

Discover what the families want, their aspiration goals and dreams

Direct the Assessment toward personal and environmental strengths

Guidelinesfor Strength Based Assessment


Make the assessment of strengths multi-dimensional near his face

Discover the individual’s uniqueness

Use language the families can understand

Avoid blaming

Avoid cause and effect thinking

Avoid diagnosing and labeling

Guidelinesfor Strength Based Assessment


Strength based discovery questions
Strength Based Discovery Questions near his face

Meaning questions

Exception questions

Possibility questions

Esteem questions

Perspective questions

Change questions

Support questions


Research dr barry duncan
Research: near his faceDr. Barry Duncan

Research shows that change is caused by:

55% already doing well

30% relationship

15% hope and expectations


Discovering strengths
Discovering Strengths near his face

Character Strengths:

Characteristics or descriptions of the individual, family, community, and social supports

A source of resilience, pride, hope, empowerment, beliefs within a cultural framework


Discovering strengths1
Discovering Strengths near his face

Mobilized Strengths:

How the character strengths can be used/mobilized/put into action by the individual and family

Support and enable the family to endure and cope with difficult situations, and to bounce back in the face of trauma

Can be used to achieve the identified outcomes of the family


Discovering strengths activity
Discovering Strengths Activity near his face

At your tables complete the activity worksheet:

Identify one participant to role play Denise Smith

Identify the first participant to role play the CSW

Other table group members can support the process as needed

Using strength based strategies & techniques, identify Denise's character and mobilized strengths

Using strength based strategies & techniques, identify Jacks’s character and mobilized strengths


Bio psycho social assessment
Bio/Psycho/Social near his faceAssessment

Biological

Psychological

Sociological

National Association of Social Workers Definition of Social Work Case Management


Strengths needs matrix
Strengths/Needs Matrix near his face

Behaviors & Concerns

Client Hunches

CSW Hunches

Desired Outcome

Needs Statement

Functional Strengths

Solutions & Strategies


Strengths needs matrix bio psycho social hunches
Strengths/Needs Matrix: near his faceBio/Psycho/Social Hunches

Ideas, Beliefs & Thoughts

Feelings & Gut Reactions

Intuition & Projection

Based on

Research

Experience

Facts

Bias


Review writing needs statements
Review: near his faceWriting Needs Statements

Developed with the family

Written in the family’s language

Written in strength based language

States how the family will “look” when the needs are being met

Reframes the problem

Clarifies understanding of the underlying issues

Supports the family’s vision

Prioritized

Linked to safety, permanence and well being


Transfer of learning
Transfer of Learning near his face

Complete the Strengths/Needs Assessment Checklist

Identify one case in which you will implement the Strengths/Needs Matrix

Receive a blank Strengths/Needs Matrix for your selected case


Preparation for day 2
Preparation near his facefor Day 2

Highlight’s of Day 2 Agenda

Remember to bring back your binder

Prepare to share:

Strengths/Needs Checklist TOL Day 1

The safety factors and your initial Bio/Psycho/Social hunches from your selected case for the Strengths/Needs Matrix


Closings
Closings! near his face

Have a fantastic evening!


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