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Realistic Group Theory Muzafer Sherif , In Common Predicament (1966) & The Robbers\' Cave Experiment (1988) hostility between two groups results from real or perceived conflicting goals which generate intergroup competition. Psychological Theories of Ethnic Conflict.

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psychological theories of ethnic conflict
Realistic Group Theory

Muzafer Sherif, In Common Predicament (1966) & The Robbers\' Cave Experiment (1988)

hostility between two groups results from real or perceived conflicting goals which generate intergroup competition

Psychological Theories of Ethnic Conflict

Psychoanalytic Theory

  • Vamik Volkan, Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism (1998), Marc Howard Ross, The Management of Conflict (1993)
  • minorities attract hatred, suspicion, rage of majority because of their characteristics and serve as reservoirs of the majority\'s negative self-images

Social Identity Theory

  • Henri Tajfel, Human Groups and Social Categories (1981), Michael Billig, Social Psychology and Intergroup Relations (1976), and Donald Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict (1985)
  • people strive for a positive social identity through social comparisons
character features attributed to backward and advanced groups horowitz 1985 169
Backward Groups

Poor Lazy

Traditional Inefficient

Easygoing Ignorant

Polite Docile

Proud Indolent

Leisurely Feudal

Submissive

Unintelligent

Lacking initiative

Dependent

Spendthrift

Advanced Groups

Enterprising Coarse

Clever Aggressive

Ambitious Ruthless

Thrifty Money-hungry

Industrious Pushy

Shrewd Nepotistic

Successful Tribalistic

Efficient Stingy

Frugal Arrogant

Crafty Cunning

Intelligent Clannish

Energetic

Resourceful

Serious

Progressive

Character Features Attributed to Backward and Advanced Groups(Horowitz 1985: 169)
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