The Reformation & North American Settlement. WhoWhatWhenWhereWhy. Who: The Roman Catholic Church vs. the emerging Protestant Church.
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North American Settlement
Who: The Roman Catholic Church vs. the emerging Protestant Church
What:The reformation was a religious movement, originally intended to renew the church but ended up as a giant revolt against it, resulting in Protestantism. It had a huge and lasting impression on social, political and economic life and its predominance is still felt today.
When:The Reformation began in 1517. In 40 years Protestantism was established in over half of Europe.
Where:Protestantism was spread all throughout Europe during the reformation. Especially in countries in Northern Europe
Why: Northern European countries such as Germany, England, France and Scotland, did not like the way the Roman Catholic Church was being run. They thought that the Pope was becoming more concerned with world power and money, and straying from the original intension of the church which was spirituality.
Protestant: People who protest or are against something. Those people who protested against the church were known as Protestants.
Indulgence: A pardon of sins granted by the church. To obtain an indulgence, one must undertake a crusade or pilgrimage, say certain prayers, or even give money to the church
Heretic: Someone who practices or believes in heresy.
Heresy: A disagreement with the official teachings of the Church
St. Peter’s Basilica: Located in Rome, one of the most beautiful churches in the world, it was rebuilt by Pope Leo X.
Pope Leo X: A pope, who in 1514 tried to rebuild St. Peter’s Basilica by selling indulgences.
Theses: Arguments that were carefully arranged to support a particular view.