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The Reformation & North American Settlement

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The Reformation & North American Settlement. WhoWhatWhenWhereWhy. Who: The Roman Catholic Church vs. the emerging Protestant Church.

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Presentation Transcript
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The Reformation

&

North American Settlement

slide2

WhoWhatWhenWhereWhy

Who: The Roman Catholic Church vs. the emerging Protestant Church

What:The reformation was a religious movement, originally intended to renew the church but ended up as a giant revolt against it, resulting in Protestantism. It had a huge and lasting impression on social, political and economic life and its predominance is still felt today.

When:The Reformation began in 1517. In 40 years Protestantism was established in over half of Europe.

Where:Protestantism was spread all throughout Europe during the reformation. Especially in countries in Northern Europe

Why: Northern   European countries such as Germany, England, France and Scotland, did not like the way the Roman Catholic Church was being run. They thought that the Pope was becoming more concerned with world power and money, and straying from the original intension of the church which was spirituality.

north american settlement
North American Settlement
  • As Europeans moved out of Europe into the New World they brought their religions with them
  • English were protestant, French were Roman Catholic, Dutch were Protestant,
  • Spanish & Portuguese were Roman Catholic
  • Each group would attempt to convert the aboriginal people to their faith or religion.
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Key Terms

Protestant: People who protest or are against something. Those people who protested against the church were known as Protestants.

Indulgence: A pardon of sins granted by the church. To obtain an indulgence, one must undertake a crusade or pilgrimage, say certain prayers, or even give money to the church

after death teachings
After Death Teachings…
  • Three destinations…
  • Hell
  • Purgatory
  • Heaven
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Key Terms

Heretic: Someone who practices or believes in heresy.

Heresy: A disagreement with the official teachings of the Church

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Key Terms

St. Peter’s Basilica: Located in Rome, one of the most beautiful churches in the world, it was rebuilt by Pope Leo X.

Pope Leo X: A pope, who in 1514 tried to rebuild St. Peter’s Basilica by selling indulgences.

Theses: Arguments that were carefully arranged to support a particular view.

st martin luther
St. Martin Luther
  • "I cannot submit my faith either to the Pope or to the Councils, because it is clear as day that they have frequently erred and contradicted each other. Unless therefore, I am convinced by the testimony of Scripture ... I cannot and will not retract ... Here I stand, I can do no other. So help me God, Amen."
henry viii
Henry VIII
  • Henry VIII was the most famous king to have ruled during the reformation. During his reign, England broke with the Roman Catholic Church.
john calvin
John Calvin
  • John Calvin
  • French theologian
  • to Switzerland to avoid being persecuted for his Protestant beliefs.
  • Geneva became a city where merriment and pleasure were viewed as sinful. He and his followers disliked luxury, idleness, games, and dancing.
  • Everyone was expected to work hard because the “devil waits for idle hands.”
  • In France they were called Huguenots and in England they were called Puritans.
europeans religion
Europeans & Religion
  • French – Roman Catholics
  • English – Church of England (Anglican)
  • Spanish & Portuguese – RC
  • Dutch – Protestant
  • Scots – RC & Presbyterian
  • Irish – Roman Catholic
  • German – Lutheran (Protestant)
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