Driving simulator performance of veterans from the iraq and afghanistan wars
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Driving simulator performance of Veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Melissa M. Amick, PhD; Melissa Kraft, PsyD; Regina McGlinchey, PhD. Aim

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Driving simulator performance of veterans from the iraq and afghanistan wars

Driving simulator performance of Veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars

Melissa M. Amick, PhD; Melissa Kraft, PsyD; Regina McGlinchey, PhD


  • Aim

    • Examine driving simulator performance in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Enduring Freedom Veterans who self-report poorer driving safety postdeployment.

  • Relevance

    • Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of disability, hospitalization, and outpatient visits across military.

    • Veterans have higher fatality rates (23.6/100,000) than nondeployed Veterans (15.9/100,000) and general U.S. population (16.3/100,000).


Method
Method

  • 25 Veterans and 25 age- and education-matched civilian controls participated in 30 min driving simulator assessment that measured frequency of driving errors.

  • All participants self-reported driving history and Veterans completed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist–Military Version.


Results
Results

  • Veterans (vs civilian controls):

    • Committed more speeding errors.

    • Reported poorer lifetime driving record.

  • Exploratory analyses revealed association between increasing errors on driving simulator with increasing symptoms of PTSD.

    • However, correlation not significant.


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Findings suggest that:

    • Veterans perform more poorly on objective evaluation of driving safety.

    • PTSD could be associated with worse performance on this standardized driving simulator assessment.


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