Social issues of St. Edward park
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social issues of St. Edward park. State Parks & Urban Open Space. County & Regional Context. Federal and National Parks - city to wildland. Parks Planning - Program. Active Recreation Passive Recreation Facilities and Events Unintended Activities.

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County & Regional Context

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social issues of St. Edward park

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


Parks Planning - Program

  • Active Recreation

  • Passive Recreation

  • Facilities and Events

  • Unintended Activities

Intentions? What’s Happening Now?Revenue Potential?


Active Recreation

  • Play Park

  • Gymnasium, Swimming Pool

  • Sports Fields (baseball, soccer)


Play Park


Sports Fields, Reserved Group Picnics


Public Events


Public Events


PrivateEventRentals

Seminary,HistoricRegister


Events and Facilities

  • Play Park

  • Gymnasium, Swimming Pool

  • Sports Fields (baseball, soccer)

  • Other?


Passive Recreation

  • Bike Riding

  • Hiking/Walking

  • Dog Walking

  • Horseback Riding

  • Picnics

  • Birding

  • Shoreline Activity


Hiking/Dog Walking


On Leash?


Social Trails


Social Trails


Prevention? Signs?


Graffitti


Motor Vehicles


Rope Swings


Unintended Activities

  • Motor Vehicles

  • Graffitti

  • Vandalism

  • Water Activities (swings)

  • Personal Security on Trails


Landscape Impacts:Activity Outcomes


Shoreline Erosion


Shoreline Erosion


Salmon Habitat


WildlifeHabitat


Trail Erosion


Invasive Species - Ivy


Hazard Trees


Landscape Impacts

  • Shoreline Erosion

  • Shoreline & Salmon

  • Trail Erosion

  • Wildlife Habitat

  • Invasive Species

  • Hazard Trees


Off-site Social Issues - St. Edward

  • Adjacent property owners?

  • Users from nearby areas?

  • Stakeholders and decision-makers who aren’t on-site but make key decisions (budget, staff)


social issues of urban parks & recreation

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


National Trends - Urbanization

time series model - past to future


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2000)

Nowak, J. Forestry, Dec. 2005


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2000)

Nowak, J. Forestry, Dec. 2005


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2010)


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2020)


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2030)


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2040)


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2050)


Urban Parks ClassesJapan


Urban Parks ClassesJapan


Urban Parks Standards USA

=120+ sq m per person

vs. 61+ sq m King Co (1998)

vs. 9 sq m in Japan


social issues of urban parks & recreation

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


WA Growth Management Act

  • Enacted 1990, 5 year updates

  • All communities in WA

  • Requires that cities and counties adopt policies and develop programs that:

    • Direct new growth to urbanized areas

    • Promote health, safety, and high quality of life

    • Protecting lands and the natural environment


King County Population Trends


King County Urban Growth Boundary


King County - 180 parks, 175 miles of trails, 25,000 acres


King County Parks


King County Parks/Recreation

  • quantity and location (180 sites, 175 miles trails)

  • connectivity of open spaces (25,000 acres)

  • user demands and potential conflicts

  • management costs!

  • who owns it?


St. Edward parcel - local context


St. Edward parcel -

public open space needed

316 acres

3,000 ft shore (last undeveloped

on Lake WA)

conservation

easement


Conservation Easement

  • legally enforceable land preservation agreement

  • voluntary by owner

  • donate rights but retain ownership

  • incentives? tax abatement, legacy (contribute to public good)

  • purpose: protect ag, forests, habitat, ecosystem services

  • restricts real estate development, commercial use, other activities to mutually agreed level


  • Challenges to NIPF Landowners

  • Development value of land

  • Forest condition

  • Regulations: stream buffers, County regs

  • Opposition from neighbors

  • Lack of infrastructure/mills - large logs discounted

  • Economies of scale

  • Changing products


Agency/Non-profit efforts

Two foci...

1. Limit fragmentation of industrial forestland.

2. Work with small rural forest landowners to promote forest stewardship.


Supporting NIPF Landowners

  • Technical assistance and Forest Stewardship Classes

    • 203 forest landowners

    • 316 parcels

    • 5910 acres


NIPF Landowners Incentives

Conservation Futures dollars to acquire development rights

Enhanced CUT program - Timberland, PBRS Forest

Transfer of Development Rights Program (TDR)


King County Private Forest Trends

  • Commercial/Industrial Forest Owners

  • Weyerhaeuser and Plum Creek are moving out.

  • Between 2000 and 2002 - 47 permit applications and 28 parcels segregated (non-forest uses!)

  • Non-industrial private forest (NIPF) owners

  • Since 1996, decrease in 500+ acre owners (11,500 > 8150 acres)

  • Corresponding increase in 4 - 20 acre parcels (872 >1245 parcels).


Rural NIPF Landowners

75% own less than 40 acres

70% have owned the land less than 20 years

52% live on their forestland

30% have sold timber from their land


Urban Parks - Japan


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