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social issues of St. Edward park. State Parks & Urban Open Space. County & Regional Context. Federal and National Parks - city to wildland. Parks Planning - Program. Active Recreation Passive Recreation Facilities and Events Unintended Activities.

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social issues of St. Edward park

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


Parks planning program
Parks Planning - Program

  • Active Recreation

  • Passive Recreation

  • Facilities and Events

  • Unintended Activities

Intentions? What’s Happening Now?Revenue Potential?


Active recreation
Active Recreation

  • Play Park

  • Gymnasium, Swimming Pool

  • Sports Fields (baseball, soccer)



Sports fields reserved group picnics
Sports Fields, Reserved Group Picnics




Private event rentals
PrivateEventRentals

Seminary,HistoricRegister


Events and facilities
Events and Facilities

  • Play Park

  • Gymnasium, Swimming Pool

  • Sports Fields (baseball, soccer)

  • Other?


Passive recreation
Passive Recreation

  • Bike Riding

  • Hiking/Walking

  • Dog Walking

  • Horseback Riding

  • Picnics

  • Birding

  • Shoreline Activity










Unintended activities
Unintended Activities

  • Motor Vehicles

  • Graffitti

  • Vandalism

  • Water Activities (swings)

  • Personal Security on Trails


Landscape impacts activity outcomes
Landscape Impacts:Activity Outcomes





Wildlife habitat
WildlifeHabitat





Landscape impacts
Landscape Impacts

  • Shoreline Erosion

  • Shoreline & Salmon

  • Trail Erosion

  • Wildlife Habitat

  • Invasive Species

  • Hazard Trees


Off site social issues st edward
Off-site Social Issues - St. Edward

  • Adjacent property owners?

  • Users from nearby areas?

  • Stakeholders and decision-makers who aren’t on-site but make key decisions (budget, staff)


social issues of urban parks & recreation

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


National trends urbanization
National Trends - Urbanization

time series model - past to future


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2000)

Nowak, J. Forestry, Dec. 2005


U.S. Urban Land Cover (2000)

Nowak, J. Forestry, Dec. 2005







Urban parks classes japan
Urban Parks ClassesJapan


Urban parks classes japan1
Urban Parks ClassesJapan


Urban parks standards usa
Urban Parks Standards USA

=120+ sq m per person

vs. 61+ sq m King Co (1998)

vs. 9 sq m in Japan


social issues of urban parks & recreation

State Parks

& Urban

Open Space

County & Regional Context

Federal and National Parks - city to wildland


Wa growth management act
WA Growth Management Act

  • Enacted 1990, 5 year updates

  • All communities in WA

  • Requires that cities and counties adopt policies and develop programs that:

    • Direct new growth to urbanized areas

    • Promote health, safety, and high quality of life

    • Protecting lands and the natural environment




King County - 180 parks, 175 miles of trails, 25,000 acres



King County Parks/Recreation

  • quantity and location (180 sites, 175 miles trails)

  • connectivity of open spaces (25,000 acres)

  • user demands and potential conflicts

  • management costs!

  • who owns it?


St. Edward parcel - local context


St. Edward parcel -

public open space needed

316 acres

3,000 ft shore (last undeveloped

on Lake WA)

conservation

easement


Conservation Easement

  • legally enforceable land preservation agreement

  • voluntary by owner

  • donate rights but retain ownership

  • incentives? tax abatement, legacy (contribute to public good)

  • purpose: protect ag, forests, habitat, ecosystem services

  • restricts real estate development, commercial use, other activities to mutually agreed level


  • Challenges to NIPF Landowners

  • Development value of land

  • Forest condition

  • Regulations: stream buffers, County regs

  • Opposition from neighbors

  • Lack of infrastructure/mills - large logs discounted

  • Economies of scale

  • Changing products


Agency/Non-profit efforts

Two foci...

1. Limit fragmentation of industrial forestland.

2. Work with small rural forest landowners to promote forest stewardship.


Supporting NIPF Landowners

  • Technical assistance and Forest Stewardship Classes

    • 203 forest landowners

    • 316 parcels

    • 5910 acres


NIPF Landowners Incentives

Conservation Futures dollars to acquire development rights

Enhanced CUT program - Timberland, PBRS Forest

Transfer of Development Rights Program (TDR)


King County Private Forest Trends

  • Commercial/Industrial Forest Owners

  • Weyerhaeuser and Plum Creek are moving out.

  • Between 2000 and 2002 - 47 permit applications and 28 parcels segregated (non-forest uses!)

  • Non-industrial private forest (NIPF) owners

  • Since 1996, decrease in 500+ acre owners (11,500 > 8150 acres)

  • Corresponding increase in 4 - 20 acre parcels (872 >1245 parcels).


Rural NIPF Landowners

75% own less than 40 acres

70% have owned the land less than 20 years

52% live on their forestland

30% have sold timber from their land



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