Magnetic interference in the sns instrument hall
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HYSPEC I.D.T. Meeting. Magnetic Interference in the SNS Instrument Hall. Wai-Tung Hal Lee Neutron Polarization Scientist Instrument Systems Group. September 10, 2004. Potential Magnetic Interference Problems at HYSPEC. HYSPEC’s neighboring instruments are field-sensitive:

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Magnetic Interference in the SNS Instrument Hall

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Magnetic interference in the sns instrument hall

HYSPEC I.D.T. Meeting

Magnetic Interference in the SNS Instrument Hall

Wai-Tung Hal Lee

Neutron Polarization Scientist

Instrument Systems Group

September 10, 2004


Potential magnetic interference problems at hyspec

Potential Magnetic Interference Problems at HYSPEC

  • HYSPEC’s neighboring instruments are field-sensitive:

    BL 13 - Fundamental Physics.

    BL 15 - Spin Echo Spectrometer (NSE)

  • Magnetic materials such as steel may over-stress a magnet in its vicinity.

  • Field-sensitive components at HYSPEC?


Problem identified after asterix at lansce was built and a 11 t magent was purchased

Problem identified after Asterix at LANSCE was built and a 11 T magent was purchased

Lujan Center

  • Asterix and Fundamental Physics are separated by ~ 5 m

  • 11 T magnet on Asterix

Asterix

Fundamental Physics


Asterix fundamental physics interference

Asterix – Fundamental Physics interference

  • Steel shielding (Asterix, Fundamental Physics Hub)

  • Active field compensation with “bucking coils”

  • 11 T magnet will not operate for half a year on Asterix

Additional arc-shaped steel shielding

“Bucking” coil

Access door


Ncnr nse interfered by magnets at sans and spins

NCNR: NSE interfered by magnets at SANS and SPINS

At present, conflict avoidance by scheduling is the only method used to deal with interference to the NSE. Iron shielding box on SANS is being designed.

  • NSE – SPINS: ~10 m

  • NSE – SANS: ~10m

  • NSE – PHYSICS: 15 m

  • PHYSICS – SANS: <10 m

SANS (behind)

SPIN (see magnet)

NSE


Ncnr nse interfered by magnets at sans and spins1

NCNR: NSE interfered by magnets at SANS and SPINS

  • Fringe field recorded at NSE sample position: Lots of NSE data must be thrown out due to interference


Sns policy on magnetic interference

SNS Policy on Magnetic Interference

Acceptable for normal and abnormal (quench or other failure) operation

  • “The fringe fields do not exceed (field limit to-be-decided) at or beyond the boundaries of that instrument.”

  • “After careful review the fringe fields at any other instrument can be shown to be less than the acceptable threshold at that instrument (acceptable thresholds will depend on specific instruments and specific locations within those instruments, and are defined as field levels that result in a degradation of performance of that instrument)”

Exception

“In rare cases there may be sufficient scientific justification to exceed the magnetic fringe field limits defined above.” Facility Review


Sns policy on magnetic interference1

SNS Policy on Magnetic Interference

1. “The fringe fields do not exceed (field limit to-be-decided) at or beyond the boundaries of that instrument.”

We propose a limit of 0.5 Gauss at the boundary.


Sns policy on magnetic interference2

SNS Policy on Magnetic Interference

2. “After careful review the fringe fields at any other instrument can be shown to be less than the acceptable threshold at that instrument (acceptable thresholds will depend on specific instruments and specific locations within those instruments, and are defined as field levels that result in a degradation of performance of that instrument)”

Criteria for Acceptable Thresholds:

1.Each instrument is responsible for defining acceptable threshold levels for externally-produced fields on any sensitive component or sample on that instrument. These definitions must be approved by an appropriate review process.

2.Each instrument having a sensitivity to externally-produced magnetic fringe fields should make reasonable efforts to mitigate that sensitivity. The definition of acceptable threshold levels for that instrument must take into account the mitigation in place, and may not be approved if the mitigation is assessed to be inadequate.


Self interference

Self-interference

  • Magnetic materials such as steel in shielding and structural steel near a magnet stress the magnet coils:

    • Magnet quench due to movement of the coil

    • Magnet damage = months to year-long down-time

  • Sample stage made of steel and/or motor location too close to a magnet

    • “Frozen” sample stage

    • Damaged motor and encoders

  • Spin-transport


Suggestions

Suggestions

Evaluate the use of magnetic shielding to lower the fringe field.

Passive shielding: steel plate, m-metal or its variants. Use to shield both field source and field sensitive devices.

Steel plate: Moderately effective (shielding factor 2-5); Does not saturated up to Tesla field; Thick – a fraction of a cm to several cm, Relatively cheap.

m-metal: Very effective for small field; Saturates at 10 Gauss; Thin; Expensive

Active shielding: compensation coils. Shielding the magnets and specific instrument that requires extremely uniform and stable field

Use non-magnetic materials for shielding and structure within 2-3 m of the sample position

Place motors of the sample stage away from the sample position


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