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Programming with Android: Calculator Example. Luca Bedogni Marco Di Felice Dipartimento di Informatica: Scienza e Ingegneria Università di Bologna. Calculator: Outline. Today: How to build a Calculator? Define the layout of the application

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Programming with Android: Calculator Example

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Programming with android calculator example

Programming with Android: Calculator Example

Luca Bedogni Marco Di Felice

Dipartimento di Informatica: Scienza e Ingegneria

Università di Bologna


Calculator outline

Calculator: Outline

Today:

How to build a Calculator?

Define the layout of the application

Create an application that uses this layout

Add some sort of intelligence to the application

Test it

2


Calculator layout

Calculator: layout

Define the buttons, labels, cells and so on

Place them on the screen

Pay attention: Android powered phones are very different in terms of resolutions

Try not to stick with absolute values/positioning (we will see this later)


Calculator layout definition

Calculator: layout definition


Calculator layout definition1

Calculator: layout definition

First Operand


Calculator layout definition2

Calculator: layout definition

Operator

First Operand


Calculator layout definition3

Calculator: layout definition

Operator

Second Operand

First Operand


Calculator layout definition4

Calculator: layout definition

Operator

Second Operand

First Operand

Result


Calculator layout definition5

Calculator: layout definition

Operator

Second Operand

First Operand

Result

Operators


Calculator layout definition6

Calculator: layout definition

Operator

Second Operand

First Operand

Result

Operators


Calculator logic definition

Calculator: logic definition

Whenever a user selects a operand cell, a keyboard will pop up

Pressing an operator button will switch the focus from one operand to another (except for =)

We want to deal with float numbers


Calculator events

Calculator: events

We want to be warned when a user touches something on the screen

Every time this happens, we will react with a set of actions

The MVC pattern is relaxed that way (pros and cons)

We do not want the result to be focusable


Calculator layout building

Calculator: layout building

We will use a set of layouts

Layouts are grouped together following a hierarchy

Why not absolute positioning?


Calculator layout building1

Calculator: layout building

We will use a set of layouts

Layouts are grouped together following a hierarchy

Why not absolute positioning?

Android has a wide range of devices

Wide range of resolution

Wide range of capabilities


Calculator layout building2

Calculator: layout building

We will use a set of layouts

Layouts are grouped together following a hierarchy

Why not absolute positioning?

Android has a wide range of devices

Wide range of resolution

Wide range of capabilities

Need to build dynamic applications that

performs different depending on the device

they're running in.


Calculator hierarchy viewer

Calculator: hierarchy viewer


Calculator recap

Calculator: Recap

Define a Layout

Pay Attention to devices heterogeneity

Features

Keyboard should pop up when needed

Should not pop up on the result

Switch from one cell to another when pressing operand

React to Events


Calculator start

Calculator: start

Let's start developing the calculator


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