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The National Park Service\'s Information Management Strategy, Infrastructure, and Software Applications. Overview of Data Strategy (big picture) NPSpecies – Biological Data Warehouse Applications, Partnerships, & Beyond Final Thoughts & Recommendations. Natural Resource Challenge.

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slide1

The National Park Service\'s Information Management Strategy, Infrastructure, and Software Applications

slide2
Overview of Data Strategy (big picture)
  • NPSpecies – Biological Data Warehouse
  • Applications, Partnerships, & Beyond
  • Final Thoughts & Recommendations
natural resource challenge
Natural Resource Challenge
  • Conduct Baseline Inventories
    • GIS / Base Cartography
    • Bibliographic
    • Natural History Collections
    • Legacy Data
  • Initiate Ecological Monitoring
design issues
Design Issues
  • Decentralized System
    • ~270 Parks with NR data
    • Nine regional offices… and more sub-offices
    • Maine to Guam
  • Multiple Needs
    • Natural Resources Management
    • Interpretation
    • Maintenance, Compliance, Permitting…
slide5

Integrated Natural Resource Data Management Framework

Permits/IAR

ITIS, USFWS

NatureServe

Master web-based databases (Oracle)

NatureBib

Links to other databases

Dataset Catalog

NPSpecies

Download

Download

NatureBib

Dataset Catalog

Database Template

NPSpecies

Distributed versions in MS Access

ArcView-Access Link Tool

GIS Theme Manager

observations
Observations
  • A record in which event (date/time, observer, etc.) and location information of an organism occurrence is permanently catalogued, but no physical evidence of the organism is collected.
vouchers
Vouchers
  • An observation record in which physical evidence of the organism (specimen, audio recording, photograph, etc.) is also collected, cataloged and archived along with the permanent cataloging of event and location information.
references
References
  • Traditional documents such as publications and reports that document the occurrence and/or status of organisms in parks.
  • Cataloged in NatureBib
  • NPSpecies records linked to NatureBib references
  • Primary References Preferred
    • Doe, John. 1999. Small Mammal Inventory of Katmai NP.
  • Secondary References Okay
    • Birds of North America Field Guide
standard classification system
Standard Classification System
  • TSN (Taxonomic Serial Number)
    • Unique number for every scientific name of each rank (kingdom,…, genus, species, subspecies, …, forma)
  • ITIS-Managed Names
    • Permanent
    • Positive TSNs
  • NPS-Managed Names
    • Semi-permanent
    • -500,000 to -900,000 TSNs
  • Temporary Names
    • Temporary
    • Negative numbers excluding -500,000 to -900,000
data matching

Scientific Names For a Park

Federal T&E List

Species

TSN

Species

TSN

Status

Match

Spectacled eider

175161

Spectacled eider

175161

T

Canada goose

174999

Eskimo curlew

176605

E

Match to Federal T&E

Species

TSN

Status

Spectacled eider

175161

T

Data Matching
match data sets
Match Data Sets
  • Federal Status
  • State Status
  • TNC Global Rank
  • Ozone-Sensitive Species (in development)
park specific species info
Park-Specific Species Info
  • Checklist Fields
    • Park-Status
    • Abundance
    • Residency
    • Nativity
    • Cultivation
  • Management Fields
    • Weedy Plant
    • Pest
    • Management Priority
    • Exploitation Concern
canned reports
“Canned” Reports
  • Species Lists
    • Standard Taxonomy
    • Local Taxonomy
  • Native vs. Non-Native species
  • T&E records
  • References
  • Observations
slide16

Integrated Natural Resource Data Management Framework

Permits/IAR

ITIS, USFWS

NatureServe

Master web-based databases (Oracle)

NatureBib

Links to other databases

Dataset Catalog

NPSpecies

Download

Download

NatureBib

Dataset Catalog

Database Template

NPSpecies

Distributed versions in MS Access

ArcView-Access Link Tool

GIS Theme Manager

slide17

eNature

Interp.

NPSpecies

Science

NR Profiles

Public Access

Interp.

recommendations
Recommendations
  • Distributed System seems to work best
  • Use TSNs
    • Key to integration
    • Everyone’s doing it…
npspecies integration
NPSpecies Integration
  • Department of Agriculture - ITIS Database
  • NPS/eNature - Park-Species Interpretive Profiles (Online Field Guides)
  • FWS - National Wildlife Refuge Species Lists
  • FWS - Endangered Species Act Federal T&E Information
  • NPS - Park Profiles
  • NPS - Natural Resource Profiles
  • NPS - Fire Effects Database
  • NPS - Law Enforcement Critical Incident Reporting System
  • NPS - I&M NatureBib Bibliographic Database
  • NPS - I&M Dataset Catalog
  • NPS - Automated National Catalog System (ANCS+)
  • The Nature Conservancy - TNC Global Ranks
  • NatureServe/Natural Heritage Program
  • State Agencies - State T&E Information
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