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The National Park Service's Information Management Strategy, Infrastructure, and Software Applications. Overview of Data Strategy (big picture) NPSpecies – Biological Data Warehouse Applications, Partnerships, & Beyond Final Thoughts & Recommendations. Natural Resource Challenge.

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The National Park Service's Information Management Strategy, Infrastructure, and Software Applications



Natural resource challenge
Natural Resource Challenge Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Conduct Baseline Inventories

    • GIS / Base Cartography

    • Bibliographic

    • Natural History Collections

    • Legacy Data

  • Initiate Ecological Monitoring


Design issues
Design Issues Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Decentralized System

    • ~270 Parks with NR data

    • Nine regional offices… and more sub-offices

    • Maine to Guam

  • Multiple Needs

    • Natural Resources Management

    • Interpretation

    • Maintenance, Compliance, Permitting…


Integrated Natural Resource Data Management Framework Infrastructure, and Software Applications

Permits/IAR

ITIS, USFWS

NatureServe

Master web-based databases (Oracle)

NatureBib

Links to other databases

Dataset Catalog

NPSpecies

Download

Download

NatureBib

Dataset Catalog

Database Template

NPSpecies

Distributed versions in MS Access

ArcView-Access Link Tool

GIS Theme Manager


Observations
Observations Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • A record in which event (date/time, observer, etc.) and location information of an organism occurrence is permanently catalogued, but no physical evidence of the organism is collected.


Vouchers
Vouchers Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • An observation record in which physical evidence of the organism (specimen, audio recording, photograph, etc.) is also collected, cataloged and archived along with the permanent cataloging of event and location information.


References
References Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Traditional documents such as publications and reports that document the occurrence and/or status of organisms in parks.

  • Cataloged in NatureBib

  • NPSpecies records linked to NatureBib references

  • Primary References Preferred

    • Doe, John. 1999. Small Mammal Inventory of Katmai NP.

  • Secondary References Okay

    • Birds of North America Field Guide


Standard classification system
Standard Classification System Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • TSN (Taxonomic Serial Number)

    • Unique number for every scientific name of each rank (kingdom,…, genus, species, subspecies, …, forma)

  • ITIS-Managed Names

    • Permanent

    • Positive TSNs

  • NPS-Managed Names

    • Semi-permanent

    • -500,000 to -900,000 TSNs

  • Temporary Names

    • Temporary

    • Negative numbers excluding -500,000 to -900,000


Data matching

Scientific Names For a Park Infrastructure, and Software Applications

Federal T&E List

Species

TSN

Species

TSN

Status

Match

Spectacled eider

175161

Spectacled eider

175161

T

Canada goose

174999

Eskimo curlew

176605

E

Match to Federal T&E

Species

TSN

Status

Spectacled eider

175161

T

Data Matching


Match data sets
Match Data Sets Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Federal Status

  • State Status

  • TNC Global Rank

  • Ozone-Sensitive Species (in development)


Park specific species info
Park-Specific Species Info Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Checklist Fields

    • Park-Status

    • Abundance

    • Residency

    • Nativity

    • Cultivation

  • Management Fields

    • Weedy Plant

    • Pest

    • Management Priority

    • Exploitation Concern


Canned reports
“Canned” Reports Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Species Lists

    • Standard Taxonomy

    • Local Taxonomy

  • Native vs. Non-Native species

  • T&E records

  • References

  • Observations


Integrated Natural Resource Data Management Framework Infrastructure, and Software Applications

Permits/IAR

ITIS, USFWS

NatureServe

Master web-based databases (Oracle)

NatureBib

Links to other databases

Dataset Catalog

NPSpecies

Download

Download

NatureBib

Dataset Catalog

Database Template

NPSpecies

Distributed versions in MS Access

ArcView-Access Link Tool

GIS Theme Manager


eNature Infrastructure, and Software Applications

Interp.

NPSpecies

Science

NR Profiles

Public Access

Interp.


Recommendations
Recommendations Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Distributed System seems to work best

  • Use TSNs

    • Key to integration

    • Everyone’s doing it…


Npspecies integration
NPSpecies Integration Infrastructure, and Software Applications

  • Department of Agriculture - ITIS Database

  • NPS/eNature - Park-Species Interpretive Profiles (Online Field Guides)

  • FWS - National Wildlife Refuge Species Lists

  • FWS - Endangered Species Act Federal T&E Information

  • NPS - Park Profiles

  • NPS - Natural Resource Profiles

  • NPS - Fire Effects Database

  • NPS - Law Enforcement Critical Incident Reporting System

  • NPS - I&M NatureBib Bibliographic Database

  • NPS - I&M Dataset Catalog

  • NPS - Automated National Catalog System (ANCS+)

  • The Nature Conservancy - TNC Global Ranks

  • NatureServe/Natural Heritage Program

  • State Agencies - State T&E Information


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