Some collection directions
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Some collection directions. Lorcan Dempsey With contributions from Brian Lavoie CRL Retreat October 6-7 2006 Chicago. Overview. Some topics. Reflections on collection directions Rareness is common The long tail and library logistics Aggregate collections Open for business

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Some collection directions

Some collection directions

Lorcan Dempsey

With contributions from Brian Lavoie

CRL Retreat

October 6-7

2006

Chicago


Overview

Overview


Some topics

Some topics

  • Reflections on collection directions

  • Rareness is common

  • The long tail and library logistics

  • Aggregate collections

  • Open for business

  • Access to scale: moving to the network level

  • Conclusions


Some collection directions

  • Reflections on collectiondirections …


Some collection directions

stewardship

high

low

Books

Journals

Newspapers

Gov. docs

CD, DVD

Maps

Scores

Freely-accessible web resources

Open source software

Newsgroup archives

low

uniqueness

  • Research and learning materials

  • ePrints/tech reports

  • Learning objects

  • Courseware

  • E-portfolios

  • Research data

Special collections

Rare books

Local/Historical newspapers

Local history materials

Archives & Manuscripts, Theses & dissertations

high


Some collection directions

  • Opportunity costs?

  • How many times do you pay for it?

  • The end of publishing - through the gates?

Ingest into

local collections

New behaviors and

support for research

and learning

Digital ‘record’

more important(prospectus, course

catalog, student records)

Focus of much digital

library activity.

Why?


Special primary materials

Special: primary materials?

Curatorial

responsibility for

more unique materials?

Institutional

Capacities?

Sourcing?

  • Examples

  • Thematic research collection

  • Curated databases


Managing digital

Managing digital?

  • An archival perspective?

    • Provenance

    • Evidential integrity

    • Versioning

  • Institutional

  • Capacities?

  • Sourcing?


  • Access

    Access

    Gather, create,

    Share

    Disclose to

    where user is


    Some collection directions

    University of Minnesota

    http://www.lib.umn.edu/about/mellon/KM%20JStor%20Presentation.pps


    Securing the scholarly record

    Securing?

    Securing the scholarly record

    • Community?

      • How?

    The scholarly

    record ain’t

    what it used to

    be?

    Institution?


    Some collection directions

    OCLC adaptation of Liz Lyon


    Mature

    Mature?

    • Institutional maturity – an industry and cooperative structures

      • Structures under pressure

      • Libraries organized around this quadrant (‘owned’)

      • Emerging techniques for licensed

      • New systems framework for licensed

    Institutional immaturity

    • Organizational models for collective

      activity, reducing costs, etc,

      in development.

    • Commodity systems not available


    Some collection directions

    2. Rareness is common


    Rareness is common in the g5

    Rareness is common … in the G5

    • G5 aggregate collection:

    • 10.5 million books

    • ~60 percent represent unique

    • contribution by one or another

    • of the G5 libraries

    3%

    Held by 5

    6%

    Held by 4

    10%

    Held by 3

    61%

    Held by 1

    20%

    Held by 2


    Trln collection analysis

    TRLN collection analysis

    http://www.trln.org/TaskGroups/CollectionAnalysis/TRLN_CollAnalysis_June2Report.pdf


    And beyond

    … and beyond

    • System-wide print book collection (as of January 2005)

    • ~32 million print books

    5%

    Held by > 100

    3%

    Held by 51 - 100

    5%

    Held by 26 - 50

    37%

    Held by 1

    20%

    Held by 6 - 25

    30%

    Held by 2 - 5


    Some collection directions

    3. The long tail and

    library logistics


    Some collection directions

    Library “Inventory”

    20% head

    80% long tail

    Libraries aggregate supply at the local level…

    “About the only places you could explore outside the

    mainstream were the library and the comic book shop.”

    Chris Anderson, “The Long Tail”


    The long tail

    The long tail

    Systemwide

    efficiences

    • Aggregation of supply

    • Unified discovery

    • Low transaction costs

    • Aggregation of demand

    Impact?


    Libraries and the long tail dynamic

    Aggregate supply?

    1.7% of circulations are ILLs

    (60% of aggregate G5 collection owned by one library only)

    Aggregate demand?

    20% of collection accounted for 90% of use

    (2 research libraries over ~4 years)

    Each book its reader

    Each reader his/her book

    Libraries and the long tail dynamic


    Some collection directions

    But the global library resource is diffused across thousands of locations …

    • Limited aggregation of supply at network level:

      • Fragmented discovery

      • Management data not used

      • High transaction costs – find it/get it

      • Fragmented inventory/shipping

    • Limited aggregation of demand at network level:

      • Difficult to mobilize a large number of users

      • Not projected into user environments

    Leads to weak gravitational pull and low network visibility for libraries and library collections


    Get real about

    Get real about …

    • Logistics

      • Inventory

      • Supply chain

      • Management information

      • D2D


    Some collection directions

    4. Aggregate collections


    Aggregate collections

    Collection development

    Mass digitization

    Off site storage

    Discovery to delivery

    Find it – get it

    Preservation

    Thinking about collections in aggregate terms

    Opportunity costs

    Space

    Attention/value

    On demand

    Print on demand

    Buy on demand

    Digitize on demand

    Logistics: very inefficient

    Management data: holdings, circulation, …

    Aggregate collections


    Some collection directions

    Mass Digitization Issues Framework

    PRESERVE

    USE

    DISCLOSE

    DESCRIBE

    ECONOMICS

    RIGHTS

    STORE

    DIGITIZE

    SELECT


    Some collection directions

    • Best practices + organizational contexts for:

      • Off site storage (see NAST)

      • Mass digitization

      • Preservation

      • D2D

    ?


    Some collection directions

    5. Open


    Some collection directions

    Open

    This means that any use of “Open” is likely to be fuzzy and confusing. The “Open Access” movement is broad and supports several major points of view which, though overlapping, have significant differences either in pragmatics or philosophy. Moreover “Open Foo” does not imply “Open Bar”. Thus “Open Access” publications will not by themselves ensure “Open Data”.

    Peter Murray Rust


    Some collection directions

    • Subscription

    • Advertizing

    • Transaction


    Conclusions

    Conclusions

    6. Access to scale:

    moving to the network level


    Some collection directions

    In the lone houses and very small villages

    which are scattered about in so desert a

    country as the Highlands of Scotland, every

    farmer must be butcher, baker and brewer

    for his own family.

    Adam Smith


    Trajectory

    Trajectory …

    Then

    • Cataloging & resource sharing

    • A&I and e-Journals

    • Collections

      Now

    • Growing realization that much more can be done at the network level


    Multilevel approach to

    Collections

    Shared offsite storage

    Aggregate and analyse digital collections

    Institutional repository

    Digital storage and preservation

    Social and consumer environments

    Social networking services: tagging, reviews, recommendations

    Share mobilizing approaches

    Virtual reference

    D2D

    Consolidated discovery

    Knowledge base

    Resolution - Service routing – fulfilment

    Business intelligence

    Synthesize and mobilize shared usage data

    Recommendation, management decisions

    Digitization and offsite storage

    Multilevel approach to …


    Some collection directions

    7. Conclusions


    Some collection directions

    • Recalibrate local and ‘collaboratively’ sourced

    • Plural business and delivery models

    • Develop a more instrumental view of organizations at the network level?


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