Virgin Soil Epidemics and Demographic Collapse in Latin America. Virgin Soil : Initial outbreak of a disease previously unknown or absent from a particular area for many generations
Virgin Soil America: Initial outbreak of a disease previously unknown or absent from a particular area for many generations
Precolumbian Diseases: syphilis & other trepanomas, tuberculosis, arthritis, (American) murine typhus, other enteric diseases probableVirgin Land/Virgin Soil?
Environmental Factors (temperate vs. tropical, seasons)
Ecological Systems (including human populations)
“The earth refused to devour the Inca’s body – rocks trembled– tears made torrents, the Sun was obscured – the Moon ill.”
-- Candia, Spaniard: Este oro comemos." (We eat this gold.)
in Latin America and Caribbean, 1986–2005