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Puritan Literature in New England

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1630s-1750s. Puritan Literature in New England. What’s a Puritan?. Puritans known as the Separatists split from the Church of England over disagreements and came to New England for religious freedom Allegiance to God/the group, not the king

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what s a puritan
What’s a Puritan?
  • Puritans known as the Separatists split from the Church of England over disagreements and came to New England for religious freedom
    • Allegiance to God/the group, not the king
  • Strived to be pure in action, thought and deed and wanted to simplify Church ceremonies
puritan values
Puritan Values
  • Self-reliance- rely on yourself even if it seems impossible
  • Industriousness- work instead of pleasure  “Puritan work ethic”
  • Temperance- moderation
  • Simplicity- simplify everything
  • Education- many Puritans believed in public education
  • Religion- Bible interpreted literally; everything that happens is God’s will; religion dominates other institutions (education/politics/society) “theocracy”
characteristics of puritan writing
Characteristics of Puritan Writing
  • Bible= a model
  • Diaries, histories, and sermons
  • Plain/simple
  • Mostly religious
  • Clarity
  • Intelligent
jonathan edwards 1703 1758
Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758)
  • “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”= 1741 sermon
  • Extremist pastor– called members of congregation out by name for sin
  • Leader of the First Great Awakening
    • Religious revival
    • Emphasized “terrors of the law” & unmerited grace
literary elements
Literary Elements
  • Diction- word choice affects the tone
      • Ex: formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, plain, abstract, concrete, etc.
    • Write down five strong word choices and the effects they have on the reader
  • Imagery- the use of language to evoke a picture of a person, thing, place, or experience
      • Appeals to the senses
    • List three major images in the sermon and their effects
literary elements continued
Literary Elements (continued)
  • Metaphor- figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without like, as, etc.
    • List two main metaphors from the sermon and explain how they are used
anne bradstreet 1612 1672
Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672)
  • “Here Follow Some Verses Upon the Burning of our House” 1666
  • America’s first poet- came to America at 18
  • Husband was governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • This poem is actually a diary entry
  • Puritan characteristics: Diary form, biblical metaphors, self-examination
inversion in here follow
Inversion in “Here Follow…”
  • Inversion- a reversal of the normal English word order in a sentence or phrase, usually for poetic effect (i.e. rhyme)
  • Examples:
    • (l. 2) For sorrow near I did not look
        • I did not look near for sorrow OR I did not look for sorrow near
    • (ll. 5-6) That fearful sound of “Fire!” “Fire!”/ Let no man know is my desire.
        • My desire is let no man know the fearful sound of “Fire!” and “Fire!”
you try
You try!
  • (l. 27) My pleasant things in ashes lie
  • (l. 28) And them behold no more shall I
  • (ll. 21-24) When by the ruins oft I past/ My sorrowing eyes aside did cast/ and here and there the places spy/ Where oft I sat and long did lie
questions for here follow
Questions for “Here Follow…”
  • What points does the speaker make to herself in her internal dialogue?
  • List three examples of inversion and then write them in their “noninverted” forms.
  • Is there a turning point to the poem? If so, where is it and what changes?
  • What is the theme of the poem?
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