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Native Americans. Native Americans. 3 major Native American tribes lived in SC Cherokee – lived in the northwestern part of SC Catawba – lived in the hills of the Piedmont Yemassee – lived at the coast of SC Each tribe spoke different languages and had different ways of life. Cherokee.

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native americans1
Native Americans
  • 3 major Native American tribes lived in SC
    • Cherokee – lived in the northwestern part of SC
    • Catawba – lived in the hills of the Piedmont
    • Yemassee – lived at the coast of SC
  • Each tribe spoke different languages and had different ways of life
cherokee
Cherokee
  • Lived in the mountains
  • Built towns along the rivers
  • Towns had 30-60 homes
  • Hunted bear, deer, and turkey for food
  • Planted corn, beans, squash, and melons
sequoyah
Sequoyah
  • A famous Cherokee leader
  • Invented a system for writing the Cherokee language
  • Language - Iroquoian
importance of rivers
Importance of Rivers
  • Fishing
  • Travel
  • Food
  • Drinking
  • Cooking
  • Bathing
cherokee government
Cherokee Government
  • Council House was the center of government for a Cherokee village
  • Council was more powerful than the chief
catawba
Catawba
  • Lived in the Piedmont
  • Settled near the Catawba River
  • Catawba means “river people”
  • Made pottery, bowls, baskets, and mats to trade
  • Language - Siouan
catawba homes
Catawba Homes
  • Round or oval
  • Made of Young Trees
  • Covered with bark
  • Fireplace inside
catawba government
Catawba Government
  • Council House for meetings
  • Had a chief who led the council
yemassee
Yemassee
  • Lived at the coast near the South Carolina and Georgia border
  • We know they were there because of midden mounds
    • Midden mounds are ancient trash heaps
  • Unlike Cherokee and Catawba, Yemassee ate shellfish
yemassee homes
Yemassee Homes
  • Round
  • Covered with Palmetto Fronds

Yemassee Language

  • Muskhogean
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