By Marquie Brown. Reptiles. Table Of Contents. Introduction p. 1 Chapter 1 Snakes p. 2 Chapter 2 Lizards p. 6 Chapter 3 Extinct Reptiles p. 10 Conclusion p. 13 Glossary p. 14 Resources p. 15. Introduction.
Introduction p. 1
Chapter 1 Snakes p. 2
Chapter 2 Lizards p. 6
Chapter 3 Extinct Reptiles p. 10
Conclusion p. 13
Glossary p. 14
Resources p. 15
Have you ever wonder what all reptiles around the world look or have you wonder what extinct reptiles are like? Well I’ve researched some in other parts of the world. Imagine your in a forest with a camera. Your taking pictures of reptiles. You have just spotted a new snake specimen!
These are the same types of snakes, just different colors!
Cobras are large snakes. They can go up to 18 feet long. They get even bigger when they spread their hoods. That’s how they scare predators away. Mostly cobras live in hot areas. There usually found in Africa and Asia or they can be found in villages where there are rats to eat and they live in deserts. Cobras kill there prey with strong venom. Prey means animals that get eaten by bigger animals and venom is what poisonous snakes use to kill their prey.
A Cobra is in the desert hunting for prey.
Anacondas are snakes that live in Tropical South America. Anacondas are the biggest South American snakes. A kind of anaconda called the Green Anaconda can be up to 30 or more! Anacondas are olive-green. n They often have black rings or spots. Sometimes they are called Water Boas because they live by water and sometimes take a swim. Anacondas often flee from their predators or enemies. They only fight when their cornered. They aren’t poisonous.
A Anaconda lying in the dirt looking for prey.
Rattle snakes usually live in deserts. They are called rattle snakes because they have rattles on their tails. When they shake their rattle it’s a warning to predators to stay back. Rattle snakes can catch their prey even in total darkness. They have this thing called a heatpit that’s under their nostrils. With their heat pit they can detect their prey’s body temperature. Rattle snakes have long poisonous fangs to kill their prey. Road Runners are snakes top predators. Road runners eat snakes. Also they live in deserts.
Gila [Hee Luh] Monsters are large reptiles that live in deserts of the southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Lizards usually move slowly, but travel really far. A full grown Gila Monster could grow up to about 16 inches long! Gila Monsters have fat body’s, a short thick tail, a wide head, and brightly colored skin. Gila Monsters eat birds, reptile eggs, and small animals. They can live without eating for months because it stores up a lot of fat in it’s tail. The bite of Gila Monsters are not deadly, however the poison in it’s teeth make the bite really painful.
Gila Monsters live in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico.
This is a Gila Monster walking around.
Amphisbaenians[AM fihs BAY nee uhn]are worm like reptiles. They are also known as worm reptiles. Amphisbaenians are related to other snakes and lizards. There are dozens of kinds. They live in warm regions around the world. Most are found in Africa, South America, and Southern North America. Amphisbaenians have long body’s, but have tiny eyes. Adults grow from about 3 to 30 inches. Amphisbaenians have good hearing. They use their hearing to find their food. Amphisbaenians mostly eat worms and insects. Most Amphisbaenians lay eggs, but some don’t. A few give birth to live young.
A Amphisbaenian swimming in the water.
Tuataras[Too uh Tah ruh] are lizard like reptiles. There are 2 species of tuataras. Both kinds live on a few small islands near New Zealand. Tuataras are the only living members of reptiles that appeared more than 200 million years ago. Tuataras have gray or green skin. They have scales down their back and tail. They may grow more than 2 feet long. Tuataras usually sleep during the day. They come out at night to hunt for insects, snails, birds, and small lizards. Female Tuatara’s lay 8 to 15 eggs. The eggs hatch after about a year. Tuataras tail can break off easily. If enemies attack tuataras tail they just shed it. Later it grows back. Tuataras can live a very long time. Some of them are known to live 77 years.
A Tuatara hiding from a predator under a log.
Plesiosaurs[Plee see uh sawrs] were large ocean reptiles. Now they are extinct or doesn’t exist anymore. They died the same time the dinosaurs died. Plesiosaurs lived from 65 to 200 million years ago! There were many different species of plesiosaurs. The smallest plesiosaurs were less than 6 feet long! The largest plesiosaurs reached more than 40 feet long! All plesiosaurs had a round, stiff body and tail. They had two pairs of flippers instead of arms and legs. Like whales, plesiosaurs had to come to the water’s surface to breathe air. They eat fish and other ocean animals.
A Plesiosaur chasing after little squids.
Ichthyosaurs[ihk thee uh sawrs] were fish like reptiles that are now extinct. They died at the same time the dinosaurs did. The oldest ichthyosaur fossils or bones are about 245 million years old! Ichthyosaurs became extinct about 90 million years ago. They have bodies like fish. They had a triangular fin on the back They also had a powerful tail fin that moves side to side. Unlike fish, Ichthyosaurs breathe air. Ichthyosaurs have large eyes. One kind of ichthyosaur had eyes up to 10 inches across. The smallest ichthyosaur were less than 3 feet long. The largest may have reached more than 80 feet long! These were the largest ocean reptiles to live. Ichthyosaurs ate squid like animals, fish, and other ocean reptiles. Scientists are not sure why Ichthyosaurs are extinct.
A Ichthyosaur swimming fast to catch it’s prey.
It’s great to research on reptiles because you can learn fascinating facts on reptiles you never knew before. It’s good for people to find a new species because then people can learn more. Also you can learn about extinct reptiles like dinosaurs. You can find cool facts on different dinosaurs. Go online and research on more reptiles. The reason I think researching on reptiles is because you might have an assignment on reptiles or you might have to research on reptiles for an occasion and many more reasons.
Extinct It doesn’t exist.
Heat Pit It’s under some snakes nostrils and can sense body temperatures.
Hoods When cobras expand their neck.
Poison Something that makes people sick.
Predator A bigger animal that hunt down smaller animals.
Prey Animals that get eaten.
Species A certain kind of animal.
Venom What poisonous snakes put in their prey when snakes bite them.
“Amphisbaenian.”World Book Online 28 Jan. 2013.
“Anaconda.” World Book Online 28 Jan. 2013.
“Cobra.”World Book Online 28 Jan. 2013.
“Gila Monster.”World Book Online 28 Jan. 2013.
"Ichthyosaur." World Book Online 27 Jan. 2013.
"Plesiosaur." World Book Online 27 Jan. 2013.
Taylor ,Barbara Hidden In The Desert. New York: QEB Publishing, 2011.
“Tuatara.”World Book Online 28 Jan. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=World+map&hl=en&sa=X&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=O8SQJ-LrR-4P5M:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:World_Map_FIFA2.png&docid=TfngblsSpLxTOM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/World_Map_FIFA2.png&w=1357&h=628&ei=UogvUcauLcfK2AWUi4CgAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=377&dur=9090&hovh=153&hovw=330&tx=177&ty=66&sig=115131117101361582586&page=3&tbnh=124&tbnw=244&start=35&ndsp=20&ved=1:429,r:35,s:0,i:272.” 28 Feb. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Gila+monster&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=nVh7NsABX5J4_M:&imgrefurl=http://savenaturesavehuman.blogspot.com/2012/05/gila-monster.html&docid=t9Y7xYRFXYdU0M&imgurl=http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-kJNv_FSt3-8/T8ItrTqlJ3I/AAAAAAAAA2k/HWYCpffTywk/s1600/gila%252Bmonster.jpg&w=1355&h=1061&ei=RokvUajvGo642gWSsIGAAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=826&vpy=157&dur=5233&hovh=199&hovw=254&tx=103&ty=100&sig=115131117101361582586&page=1&tbnh=137&tbnw=188&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0,i:160.”28 Feb. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=anaconda&hl=en&sa=X&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=15l1x4FlCB8qJM:&imgrefurl=http://www.stormchaser.ca/wildlife/venezuela_wildlife/anaconda.html&docid=bOB33vcd4VgMeM&imgurl=http://www.stormchaser.ca/wildlife/venezuela_wildlife/Anaconda_06.JPG&w=800&h=600&ei=RLEvUYr9JKaB2gXnrYDQCQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=974&vpy=146&dur=125&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=149&ty=96&sig=104144169271435031351&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=193&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:163.”28 Feb. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=amphisbaenians&hl=en&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=TM5dQvRsxcUhJM:&imgrefurl=http://gviamazon.blogspot.com/2010/08/is-it-lizard-is-it-worm-no-its-worm.html&docid=F7xo_xRXgbXroM&imgurl=http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_JEq_kK4nSX8/TGRmRoSQIMI/AAAAAAAAAqY/pO_MfEMUjwU/s1600/11%252BAmphisbaenian%252B(3).jpg&w=1600&h=787&ei=CrMvUbPvNdHa2wXtmYC4Bg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=300&dur=2297&hovh=157&hovw=320&tx=188&ty=95&sig=104144169271435031351&age=1&tbnh=135&tbnw=270&start=0&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:0,i:96.28 Feb. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=tuataras&hl=en&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=F7gsTSKUcd5pvM:&imgrefurl=http://thenotscientist.wordpress.com/2008/03/24/tuataras-live-slow-but-evolve-fast/&docid=_ri1wTisWIwqWM&imgurl=http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/03/24/gallery/tuatara-540x380.jpg&w=540&h=380&ei=kLUvUcXyO4Xe2AWR04DgDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=358&vpy=275&dur=187&hovh=188&hovw=268&tx=152&ty=113&sig=104144169271435031351&page=1&tbnh=133&tbnw=188&start=0&ndsp=&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:102.”28 Feb. 2013.
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=plesiosaur&hl=en&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=cgTRIvTdFulAEM:&imgrefurl=http://www.gwthomas.org/tahoaz.htm&docid=EsUG4AanueuqaM&imgurl=http://www.gwthomas.org/Plesiosaur_by_IRIRIV.jpg&w=960&h=594&ei=CbcvUamaG4Tg2QXWk4GgCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=585&vpy=131&dur=1360&hovh=176&hovw=286&tx=107&ty=122&sig=104144169271435031351&page=1&tbnh=133&tbnw=227&start=0&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:87.”28 Feb. 2013.”
“http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ichthyosaur&hl=en&safe=active&rls=com.microsoft:en-us&biw=1280&bih=632&tbm=isch&tbnid=MRoRGNiIY-uaYM:&imgrefurl=http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2013/01/07/sharp-toothed-thalattoarchon-was-the-first-ruler-of-the-triassic-seas/&docid=1QU5Eo_i2SW70M&imgurl=http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/files/2013/01/ichthyosaur-top-990x377.jpg&w=990&h=377&ei=hLgvUZbZBIac2AW-loGQAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=310&vpy=316&dur=1781&hovh=138&hovw=364&tx=156&ty=85&sig=104144169271435031351&page=1&tbnh=97&bnw=215&start=0&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:102.”28 Feb. 2013.