Assessment methods for capturing information from the patient
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Assessment/Methods for capturing information from the patient. Outcome Measures for Clinical Research Information Gathering for Clinical Care. Outcome Measures for Clinical Research. 1) Demographic Database 2) Radioisotope Drooling Measurement 3) Drool Quantification

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Assessment methods for capturing information from the patient

Assessment/Methodsfor capturing information from the patient



Outcome Measures for Clinical Research

1) Demographic Database

2) Radioisotope Drooling Measurement

3) Drool Quantification

4) Teacher Drool Scale

5) Time Sampling

6) Behavior Medical Rating Scale

7) Parent Questionnaires

8) Goal Attainment Scaling


Minimum database recommended for drooling studies

1) Name/address

2) Age/sex

3) Primary diagnosis

4) Phase of illness - acute vs. chronic

5) Intelligence level

6) Social factors - SES

7) Oral-motor dysfunction measure of severity

8) Eating method/ability

9) Positioning information

10) Severity of drooling

quantitative measure (objective)

perceived social and functional impairment (subjective)

11) Nutritional status

12) Dental Status

13) Medications

14) Other associated medical problems

15) Location of intervention - clinic, home, school, etc.


Radioisotope Drooling Measurement

Ekedahl and Hallen - 1973

Technitium - pertechnetate I.V. infusion, isotope

measured in saliva @ 30 minute intervals.


Drool Quantification Non-Invasive Technique

Sochaniwskyj - 1982

1) collection cup and bonnet

2) vacuum pump

3) collection chamber

15 minute collection sessions X10/day


Teacher Drool Scale (TDS)

1) No drooling

2) Infrequent drooling, small amount

3) Occasional drooling, on and off all day

4) Frequent drooling, but not profuse

5) Constant drooling, always wet


Time Sampling

1) Stream of saliva

2) Bubble of saliva

3) Total

20 second observations @ 30 second intervals

minimum of 40 data points/session

Outcome expressed as a percentage


Behavioral and Medical Rating Scale (BMRS)

1. Not at all 2. Just a little 3. Quite a bit 4. Very much

1. Restless, overactive ¹

2. Excitable, impulsive ¹

3. Disturbs other children ¹

4. Fails to finish things he starts, short attention span ¹

5. Constantly fidgeting

6. Inattentive, easily distracted ¹

7. Demands must be met immediately, easily frustrated ¹

8. Cries often and easily

9. Mood changes quickly and drastically

10. Temper outbursts, explosive and unpredictable behavior ¹

11. Overly serious, sad, or sensitive

12. Change in co-ordination and/or body control ²

13. Fearful

14. Diarrhea/constipation (indicate) ²

15. Drowsy ²

16. Nasal congestion ²

17. Vomiting ²

18. Irritable ¹

19. Dry mouth ²


Parent Report Questionnaire

1) Medication use

2) Side effects

3) 5 point drooling scale of Camp-Bruno

4) Discontinuation of medicines


Goal Attainment Scaling

-Selection of observable, repeatable goals

-Specified performance conditions

-Criteria for success in measurable terms

-Content validity measuring changes in clinical

performance and the importance of observed changes



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