Measuring 101
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Measuring 101. Proper equipment and techniques, Abbreviations and Equivalents. Measuring Equipment. Nested (graduated) measuring cups – Used for dry ingredients Measuring spoons – Used for small amounts of liquid or dry ingredients

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Measuring 101

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Measuring 101

Proper equipment and techniques,

Abbreviations and

Equivalents


Measuring Equipment

  • Nested (graduated) measuring cups – Used for dry ingredients

  • Measuring spoons – Used for small amounts of liquid or dry ingredients

  • Clear glass measuring cups – Used for liquid ingredients. Should have a spout on the cup!

  • Straight-edged spatula – Used to level off dry ingredients on spoons or in cups.


Nested measuring cups

  • Standard 4 piece set

    • ¼ cup

    • 1/3 cup

    • ½ cup

    • 1 cup

spatula


Measuring spoons

  • Standard 4 piece set.

    • ¼ teaspoon

    • ½ teaspoon

    • 1 teaspoon

    • 1Tablespoon


Clear glass measuring cups

  • Liquid measuring cups are usually found in various sizes.

    • 1 cup

    • 2 cup

    • 4 cup


How to Measure...


Flour and other dry ingredients

  • Spoon ingredients lightly into the measuring cup, heap it full.

  • Level with a straight-edge knife or spatula.

Do Not PACK!

Sift dry ingredients with lumps!


Brown sugar & fats

  • Spoon ingredients into the measuring cup and PACK down firmly.

  • Heap and level off.

Should retain shape!


Stick margarine or butter

  • Sticks have measuring amounts marked on the sides of the paper wrapping.

  • Cut with a knife the amount needed.

  • 1 stick butter = ½ cup = 8 Tablespoons


Liquids (Ex. Water and Milk)

  • MUST be measured at eye level.

  • Place glass measuring cup on a flat surface.

  • Stoop down to read the measurement at eye level.


Using measuring spoons

  • Only small amounts!

  • Thin liquids – pour into spoon until full over an empty bowl.

  • Dry ingredients – scoop spoon into container until full – level off with straight edge.

Never measure directly over your mixing bowl!!!


When reading orange juice amounts in the clear measuring cup, hold it in the air.

2. Measure flour in the clear measuring cup.

? Measuring Quiz ?

4. What utensil is used to measure small amounts of salt or vanilla?

Measuring spoons

No

  • Which of the following ingredients should be packed before leveling off?

  • FLOUR

  • BROWN SUGAR

  • CEREAL

  • CRISCO

  • WHITE SUGAR

No

3. What utensil is used to level off dry ingredients?

Spatula


T. or TBSP. = tablespoon

t. or tsp. = teaspoon

c. = cup

lb. or # = pound

min. = minute

doz. = dozen

oz. = ounce

pt. = pint

qt. = quart

gal. = gallon

Common abbreviations


1 T. = _______ t.

1c. = _______ T.

1 c. = _______ oz.

¼ c. = ______ T.

1 pt. = ______ c.

1 qt. = ______ pt.

1 gal. = ______ qt.

1 lb. = _______ oz.

½ c. = _______ T.

1 stick margarine = _______ T.

1 stick margarine = _______ c.

4 sticks margarine = _______ lb.

Equivalents– you need to know!

3

16

16

8

8

8

4

2

1/2

2

4

1


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