Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor
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EQUATION FOR WINDAGE LOSS OF AXIAL FLUX, A.C. 3 PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EQUATION FOR WINDAGE LOSS OF AXIAL FLUX, A.C. 3 PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR. Submitted by – K.V.Krishna Murty.

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EQUATION FOR WINDAGE LOSS OF AXIAL FLUX, A.C. 3 PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

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Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

EQUATION FOR WINDAGE LOSS OF AXIAL FLUX, A.C. 3 PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

Submitted by –

K.V.Krishna Murty


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Definition :Windage Loss: It is usually defined as the loss in power output in a component or a machine due to the movement of air that is present in and around the components of that system.


Motor 3 d representation

Motor 3-D representation:


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Various parameters and their values considered for calculations:  =absolute viscosity of air at 1700F = 2.081 X 10-5 kg/m.sec s = axial gap between the rotor and the stator = 0.015 in N =rotor rotational speed = 150,000 rpm R = radius of the rotor = 1.155 in r = radius of the shaft = 0.4 in s’ = axial gap between the rotor and the motor casing = 0.66 in t = thickness or width of the rotor = 0.25 ing = radial gap between the rotor circumferential surface and the motor casing = 1.3 in


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Types of Windage losses associated with our motor:1) Loss in power due to movement of air that is present between the rotor circumferential surface and the motor casing  radial loss. 2) Loss in power output due to movement of air present between the rotor and the stator  axial loss.3) Loss in power due to movement of air between the rotor the motor casing  axial loss.


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Calculationfor Windage loss - I : V=Rω Frictional force per area = f = V/g  Windage Loss in Watts = f * V * a where a = 2πR * t and t is the thickness of the rotor disk.


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Windage Loss - I : Equation : W1 = 2πω2R3t/g considering a laminar flow with Couette velocity distribution profile,where, g=gap between the rotor circumferential edge surface and the casing inner surface. W1= 0.157 W


Calculation for windage losses ii iii

Calculationfor Windage losses - II & III:

  • T = Shearing stress due to drag force at a distance x from the axis of the rotor = xω/s(s’ )

  • M = Moment produced due to the frictional force = ∫rR (Tx) (2πx) dx

  • Windage Loss in Watts = M * ω


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Windage Loss - II : Equation : W2 = πω2(R4-r4)/2sconsidering a laminar flow with Couette velocity distribution profile and W2ี = 15.455 W where s = axial gap between the rotor and the stator. The Drag Force along the walls can be neglected because s << R in higher order terms.


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Windage Loss - III : Equation : W3 =πω2(R4-r4)/2s’considering a laminar flow with Couette velocity distribution profile, where s’ = the axial gap between rotor and the casing = 0.66 in.W3 = 0.351 W


Total windage loss 0 157 15 455 0 351 15 963 w with w 2 as the major loss

Total Windage Loss= 0.157 + 15.455 + 0.351 = 15.963 W with W2 as the major loss.


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

Analysis of W2: W2 is proportional to ‘ω2’, ‘ R4 - r4’ and is inversely proportional to ‘s’ where,ω is the angular velocity of the rotor, R is the rotor radius, r is the shaft radius and s is the axial gap between the rotor and the stator.


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

To lower W2  any one or more of the below are suggested according to the suitability of the system and whichever is feasible --

  • decrease the angular velocity of rotation of the rotor.

  • reduce the rotor size and/or increase the shaft size.

  • increase the axial gap between the rotor and the stator.


Figures 1 couette velocity profile

Figures :1)Couette Velocity Profile :


Figures

Figures :

2) Hydro-dynamic configuration of the motor :


Equation for windage loss of axial flux a c 3 phase synchronous motor

References : 1) Hydro-dynamic Resistance and the Heat Loss of Rotating Solids  L . A . Dorfman, Oliver and Boyd Ltd., 1963.2) Fundamentals of Fluid Film Lubrication  Bernard J. Hamrock, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1994.3) Windage Loss calculation at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, U.S.  source Dr.Jay Vaidya4) A.C. Motor Design  H.C.J. deJong, 1989.


Reference for values motor auto cad representation by william funk

Reference for values : Motor AUTO-CAD representation by William Funk.


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