Research Methods

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Research Methods

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1. 1 Research Methods

2. 2 Research Methods

3. 3 Previously…we looked at turning Research ideas into Research Projects

4. And we considered..The literature review process

6. 6 Deciding on the research approach and choosing a research strategy

7. 7 Deciding on the research approach and choosing a research strategy

8. 8 Deciding on the research approach and choosing a research strategy

11. 11 Research philosophy

12. 12 Positivism

13. 13 Positivism (a.k.a ‘Logical Positivism’)

14. 14 Positivism

15. 15 Phenomenology

16. 16 Phenomenology emphasises -

17. 17 Phenomenology could be used to study -

18. 18 Other epistemologies

21. 21 Choosing a research approach

22. 22

23. 23

24. 24

26. 26 A hypothesis states that there is a relationship between two concepts and specifies the direction of that relationship.

27. 27 Key terms explained

28. 28 Variables

29. 29 Variables

30. 30 variables

31. 31 A scattergram shows an association between age of respondent and gross annual income (Job Survey Data)

32. 32 Deduction: testing theory

33. 33 Deduction: testing theory

34. 34 Deduction: testing theory

35. 35 Deduction: testing theory

36. 36 Induction: building theory

37. 37 Induction: building theory

38. 38 Induction: building theory

39. 39 Knowing your approach

40. 40 Knowing your approach

41. 41 Combining approaches

42. 42 Combining approaches: the constraints

43. 43 Combining approaches: the constraints

45. 45

46. 46

47. 47 The different research strategies

48. 48 Experiment

49. 49 The experimental design

50. 50

51. 51 Survey defined -

52. 52 The British empirical tradition:

53. 53 The British empirical tradition:

54. 54 Some sites to browse…..

57. 57

58. 58 Surveys

59. 59 Research questions appropriate for a survey

60. 60

61. 61 Main advantages of survey

62. 62 The more structured the techniques...

63. 63

64. 64

65. 65

66. 66 Case study

68. 68 Exploratory, descriptive and explanatory studies

69. 69 Exploratory studies

70. 70 Exploratory studies

71. 71 Descriptive studies

72. 72 Explanatory studies

74. 74 Cross-sectional Studies Collect data at only one time point.

75. 75 Longitudinal Studies Collects data at a number of time points.

77. 77

78. 78

79. 79

81. 81 4.3 Multi-method approaches

82. 82 4.3 Multi-method approaches

83. 83 4.4 The credibility of research findings

84. 84

85. 85

86. 86 Threats to validity

87. 87 Threats to Validity: History

88. 88 Threats to Validity: Testing

89. 89 Threats to Validity: Instrumentation

90. 90 Threats to Validity: Mortality

91. 91 Threats to Validity: Ambiguity about causal direction

92. 92 Generalisability

93. 93 Logic leaps and false assumptions

94. 94 Logic leaps and false assumptions

95. 95 Logic leaps and false assumptions

96. 96 Logic leaps and false assumptions

97. 97 Logic leaps and false assumptions

98. 98 4.5 The ethics of research design

102. 102 4.6 Summary

103. 103 Summary

104. 104 Summary

105. 105

106. 106

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